Bacterial Rhizosphere Biodiversity from Several Pioneer Desert Sand Plants Near Jizan, Saudi Arabia

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/607161
Title:
Bacterial Rhizosphere Biodiversity from Several Pioneer Desert Sand Plants Near Jizan, Saudi Arabia
Authors:
Osman, Jorge R.; Zelicourt, Axel de; Bisseling, Ton; Geurts, Rene; Hirt, Heribert ( 0000-0003-3119-9633 ) ; DuBow, Michael S.
Abstract:
Life in arid regions and, in particular, hot deserts is often limited due to their harsh environmental conditions, such as large temperature fluctuations and low amounts of water. These extreme environments can influence the microbial community present on the surface sands and any rhizosphere members surrounding desert plant roots. The Jizan desert area, located in Saudi Arabia, supports particular vegetation that grows in the large sandy flat terrain. We examined five different samples, four from the rhizosphere of pioneer plants plus a surface sand sample, and used pyrosequencing of PCR-amplified V1-V3 regions of 16S rDNA genes from total extracted DNA to reveal and compare the bacterial population diversity of the samples. The results showed a total of 3,530 OTUs in the five samples, calculated using ≥ 97% sequence similarity levels. The Chao1 estimation of the bacterial diversity fluctuated from 637 to 2,026 OTUs for a given sample. The most abundant members found in the samples belong to the Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria phyla. This work shows that the Jizan desert area of Saudi Arabia can contain a diverse bacterial community on the sand and surrounding the roots of pioneer desert plants. It also shows that desert sand microbiomes can vary depending on conditions, with broad implications for sandstone monument bacterial communities
KAUST Department:
Center for Desert Agriculture
Citation:
Bacterial Rhizosphere Biodiversity from Several Pioneer Desert Sand Plants Near Jizan, Saudi Arabia 2016, 7 (suppl 1: M7):70 The Open Conference Proceedings Journal
Publisher:
Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Journal:
The Open Conference Proceedings Journal
Issue Date:
8-Apr-2016
DOI:
10.2174/2210289201607020070
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2210-2892
Sponsors:
We thank all the members of the Laboratoire de Génomique et Biodiversité Microbienne des Biofilms (LGBMB) of the Institute of Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC) for interesting discussions, comments and suggestions. This work was supported by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France.
Additional Links:
http://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/TOPROCJ-7-2-70
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Center for Desert Agriculture

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorOsman, Jorge R.en
dc.contributor.authorZelicourt, Axel deen
dc.contributor.authorBisseling, Tonen
dc.contributor.authorGeurts, Reneen
dc.contributor.authorHirt, Heriberten
dc.contributor.authorDuBow, Michael S.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-26T13:47:17Zen
dc.date.available2016-04-26T13:47:17Zen
dc.date.issued2016-04-08en
dc.identifier.citationBacterial Rhizosphere Biodiversity from Several Pioneer Desert Sand Plants Near Jizan, Saudi Arabia 2016, 7 (suppl 1: M7):70 The Open Conference Proceedings Journalen
dc.identifier.issn2210-2892en
dc.identifier.doi10.2174/2210289201607020070en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/607161en
dc.description.abstractLife in arid regions and, in particular, hot deserts is often limited due to their harsh environmental conditions, such as large temperature fluctuations and low amounts of water. These extreme environments can influence the microbial community present on the surface sands and any rhizosphere members surrounding desert plant roots. The Jizan desert area, located in Saudi Arabia, supports particular vegetation that grows in the large sandy flat terrain. We examined five different samples, four from the rhizosphere of pioneer plants plus a surface sand sample, and used pyrosequencing of PCR-amplified V1-V3 regions of 16S rDNA genes from total extracted DNA to reveal and compare the bacterial population diversity of the samples. The results showed a total of 3,530 OTUs in the five samples, calculated using ≥ 97% sequence similarity levels. The Chao1 estimation of the bacterial diversity fluctuated from 637 to 2,026 OTUs for a given sample. The most abundant members found in the samples belong to the Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria phyla. This work shows that the Jizan desert area of Saudi Arabia can contain a diverse bacterial community on the sand and surrounding the roots of pioneer desert plants. It also shows that desert sand microbiomes can vary depending on conditions, with broad implications for sandstone monument bacterial communitiesen
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank all the members of the Laboratoire de Génomique et Biodiversité Microbienne des Biofilms (LGBMB) of the Institute of Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC) for interesting discussions, comments and suggestions. This work was supported by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherBentham Science Publishers Ltd.en
dc.relation.urlhttp://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/TOPROCJ-7-2-70en
dc.rightsThis is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectBacterial communityen
dc.subjectdesert sand microbiomeen
dc.subjectpyrosequencingen
dc.subjectrhizosphereen
dc.subject16S rDNAen
dc.titleBacterial Rhizosphere Biodiversity from Several Pioneer Desert Sand Plants Near Jizan, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentCenter for Desert Agricultureen
dc.identifier.journalThe Open Conference Proceedings Journalen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversité Paris-Sud, Laboratoire de Génomique et Biodiversité Microbienne des Biofilms, Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Bâtiment 409, 91405 Orsay, Franceen
dc.contributor.institutionChemisch Biologisch Laboratorium Bodem, Wageningen Universiteit, 6708 PB Wageningen, Netherlandsen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
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