The evolution of strength and crystalline phases for alkali-activated ground blast furnace slag and fly ash-based geopolymers

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599912
Title:
The evolution of strength and crystalline phases for alkali-activated ground blast furnace slag and fly ash-based geopolymers
Authors:
Oh, Jae Eun; Monteiro, Paulo J.M.; Jun, Ssang Sun; Choi, Sejin; Clark, Simon M.
Abstract:
The increase in strength and evolution of crystalline phases in inorganic polymer cement, made by the alkali activation of slag, Class C and Class F fly ashes, was followed using compressive strength test and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. In order to increase the crystallinity of the product the reactions were carried out at 80 °C. We found that hydrotalcite formed in both the alkali-activated slag cements and the fly ash-based geopolymers. Hydroxycancrinite, one member of the ABC-6 family of zeolites, was found only in the fly ash geopolymers. Assuming that the predominantly amorphous geopolymer formed under ambient conditions relates to the crystalline phases found when the mixture is cured at high temperature, we propose that the structure of this zeolitic precursor formed in Na-based high alkaline environment can be regarded as a disordered form of the basic building unit of the ABC-6 group of zeolites which includes poly-types such as hydroxycancrinite, hydroxysodalite and chabazite-Na. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
Citation:
Oh JE, Monteiro PJM, Jun SS, Choi S, Clark SM (2010) The evolution of strength and crystalline phases for alkali-activated ground blast furnace slag and fly ash-based geopolymers. Cement and Concrete Research 40: 189–196. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2009.10.010.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Cement and Concrete Research
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-l1-004021
Issue Date:
Feb-2010
DOI:
10.1016/j.cemconres.2009.10.010
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0008-8846
Sponsors:
This publication was based on work supported in part by Award No. KUS-l1-004021, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The Advanced Light Source is supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorOh, Jae Eunen
dc.contributor.authorMonteiro, Paulo J.M.en
dc.contributor.authorJun, Ssang Sunen
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Sejinen
dc.contributor.authorClark, Simon M.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T06:32:17Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-28T06:32:17Zen
dc.date.issued2010-02en
dc.identifier.citationOh JE, Monteiro PJM, Jun SS, Choi S, Clark SM (2010) The evolution of strength and crystalline phases for alkali-activated ground blast furnace slag and fly ash-based geopolymers. Cement and Concrete Research 40: 189–196. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2009.10.010.en
dc.identifier.issn0008-8846en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.cemconres.2009.10.010en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599912en
dc.description.abstractThe increase in strength and evolution of crystalline phases in inorganic polymer cement, made by the alkali activation of slag, Class C and Class F fly ashes, was followed using compressive strength test and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. In order to increase the crystallinity of the product the reactions were carried out at 80 °C. We found that hydrotalcite formed in both the alkali-activated slag cements and the fly ash-based geopolymers. Hydroxycancrinite, one member of the ABC-6 family of zeolites, was found only in the fly ash geopolymers. Assuming that the predominantly amorphous geopolymer formed under ambient conditions relates to the crystalline phases found when the mixture is cured at high temperature, we propose that the structure of this zeolitic precursor formed in Na-based high alkaline environment can be regarded as a disordered form of the basic building unit of the ABC-6 group of zeolites which includes poly-types such as hydroxycancrinite, hydroxysodalite and chabazite-Na. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis publication was based on work supported in part by Award No. KUS-l1-004021, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The Advanced Light Source is supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectAlkali-activated cement (D)en
dc.subjectFly ash (D)en
dc.subjectGeopolymer (D)en
dc.subjectGranulated blast furnace slag (D)en
dc.subjectX-ray diffraction (B)en
dc.titleThe evolution of strength and crystalline phases for alkali-activated ground blast furnace slag and fly ash-based geopolymersen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalCement and Concrete Researchen
dc.contributor.institutionUC Berkeley, Berkeley, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionKorea Maritime University, Busan, South Koreaen
dc.contributor.institutionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-l1-004021en
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