Surface chemistry and morphology of the solid electrolyte interphase on silicon nanowire lithium-ion battery anodes

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599807
Title:
Surface chemistry and morphology of the solid electrolyte interphase on silicon nanowire lithium-ion battery anodes
Authors:
Chan, Candace K.; Ruffo, Riccardo; Hong, Seung Sae; Cui, Yi
Abstract:
Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) have the potential to perform as anodes for lithium-ion batteries with a much higher energy density than graphite. However, there has been little work in understanding the surface chemistry of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formed on silicon due to the reduction of the electrolyte. Given that a good, passivating SEI layer plays such a crucial role in graphite anodes, we have characterized the surface composition and morphology of the SEI formed on the SiNWs using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). We have found that the SEI is composed of reduction products similar to that found on graphite electrodes, with Li2CO3 as an important component. Combined with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, the results were used to determine the optimal cycling parameters for good cycling. The role of the native SiO2 as well as the effect of the surface area of the SiNWs on reactivity with the electrolyte were also addressed. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Citation:
Chan CK, Ruffo R, Hong SS, Cui Y (2009) Surface chemistry and morphology of the solid electrolyte interphase on silicon nanowire lithium-ion battery anodes. Journal of Power Sources 189: 1132–1140. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.01.007.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Journal of Power Sources
Issue Date:
Apr-2009
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.01.007
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0378-7753
Sponsors:
The work is supported by the Global Climate and Energy Project at Stanford, Office of Naval Research, and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. C.K.C. acknowledges support from a National Science Foundation graduate fellowship and Stanford Graduate Fellowship.
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorChan, Candace K.en
dc.contributor.authorRuffo, Riccardoen
dc.contributor.authorHong, Seung Saeen
dc.contributor.authorCui, Yien
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T06:10:16Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-28T06:10:16Zen
dc.date.issued2009-04en
dc.identifier.citationChan CK, Ruffo R, Hong SS, Cui Y (2009) Surface chemistry and morphology of the solid electrolyte interphase on silicon nanowire lithium-ion battery anodes. Journal of Power Sources 189: 1132–1140. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.01.007.en
dc.identifier.issn0378-7753en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.01.007en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599807en
dc.description.abstractSilicon nanowires (SiNWs) have the potential to perform as anodes for lithium-ion batteries with a much higher energy density than graphite. However, there has been little work in understanding the surface chemistry of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formed on silicon due to the reduction of the electrolyte. Given that a good, passivating SEI layer plays such a crucial role in graphite anodes, we have characterized the surface composition and morphology of the SEI formed on the SiNWs using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). We have found that the SEI is composed of reduction products similar to that found on graphite electrodes, with Li2CO3 as an important component. Combined with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, the results were used to determine the optimal cycling parameters for good cycling. The role of the native SiO2 as well as the effect of the surface area of the SiNWs on reactivity with the electrolyte were also addressed. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe work is supported by the Global Climate and Energy Project at Stanford, Office of Naval Research, and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. C.K.C. acknowledges support from a National Science Foundation graduate fellowship and Stanford Graduate Fellowship.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectLithium-ion batteryen
dc.subjectSilicon nanowireen
dc.subjectSolid electrolyte interphaseen
dc.subjectX-ray photoelectron spectroscopyen
dc.titleSurface chemistry and morphology of the solid electrolyte interphase on silicon nanowire lithium-ion battery anodesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Power Sourcesen
dc.contributor.institutionStanford University, Palo Alto, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversita degli Studi di Milano - Bicocca, Milan, Italyen
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