Statistical inference and visualization in scale-space for spatially dependent images

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599729
Title:
Statistical inference and visualization in scale-space for spatially dependent images
Authors:
Vaughan, Amy; Jun, Mikyoung; Park, Cheolwoo
Abstract:
SiZer (SIgnificant ZERo crossing of the derivatives) is a graphical scale-space visualization tool that allows for statistical inferences. In this paper we develop a spatial SiZer for finding significant features and conducting goodness-of-fit tests for spatially dependent images. The spatial SiZer utilizes a family of kernel estimates of the image and provides not only exploratory data analysis but also statistical inference with spatial correlation taken into account. It is also capable of comparing the observed image with a specific null model being tested by adjusting the statistical inference using an assumed covariance structure. Pixel locations having statistically significant differences between the image and a given null model are highlighted by arrows. The spatial SiZer is compared with the existing independent SiZer via the analysis of simulated data with and without signal on both planar and spherical domains. We apply the spatial SiZer method to the decadal temperature change over some regions of the Earth. © 2011 The Korean Statistical Society.
Citation:
Vaughan A, Jun M, Park C (2012) Statistical inference and visualization in scale-space for spatially dependent images. Journal of the Korean Statistical Society 41: 115–135. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jkss.2011.07.006.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Journal of the Korean Statistical Society
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-C1-016-04
Issue Date:
Mar-2012
DOI:
10.1016/j.jkss.2011.07.006
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1226-3192
Sponsors:
This work is part of the first author's dissertation. Mikyoung Jun acknowledges support from NSF grants ATM-0620624 and DMS-0906532. Mikyoung Jun's research is partially supported by Award No. KUS-C1-016-04, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors acknowledge the modeling groups for making their simulation available for analysis, the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) for collecting and archiving the CMIP3 model output, and the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)'s Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) for organizing the model data analysis activity. The WCRP CMIP3 multi-model data set is supported by the Office of Science, US Department of Energy.
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorVaughan, Amyen
dc.contributor.authorJun, Mikyoungen
dc.contributor.authorPark, Cheolwooen
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T06:08:28Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-28T06:08:28Zen
dc.date.issued2012-03en
dc.identifier.citationVaughan A, Jun M, Park C (2012) Statistical inference and visualization in scale-space for spatially dependent images. Journal of the Korean Statistical Society 41: 115–135. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jkss.2011.07.006.en
dc.identifier.issn1226-3192en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jkss.2011.07.006en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599729en
dc.description.abstractSiZer (SIgnificant ZERo crossing of the derivatives) is a graphical scale-space visualization tool that allows for statistical inferences. In this paper we develop a spatial SiZer for finding significant features and conducting goodness-of-fit tests for spatially dependent images. The spatial SiZer utilizes a family of kernel estimates of the image and provides not only exploratory data analysis but also statistical inference with spatial correlation taken into account. It is also capable of comparing the observed image with a specific null model being tested by adjusting the statistical inference using an assumed covariance structure. Pixel locations having statistically significant differences between the image and a given null model are highlighted by arrows. The spatial SiZer is compared with the existing independent SiZer via the analysis of simulated data with and without signal on both planar and spherical domains. We apply the spatial SiZer method to the decadal temperature change over some regions of the Earth. © 2011 The Korean Statistical Society.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work is part of the first author's dissertation. Mikyoung Jun acknowledges support from NSF grants ATM-0620624 and DMS-0906532. Mikyoung Jun's research is partially supported by Award No. KUS-C1-016-04, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors acknowledge the modeling groups for making their simulation available for analysis, the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) for collecting and archiving the CMIP3 model output, and the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)'s Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) for organizing the model data analysis activity. The WCRP CMIP3 multi-model data set is supported by the Office of Science, US Department of Energy.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectGoodness-of-fit testen
dc.subjectImage data analysisen
dc.subjectKernel smoothingen
dc.subjectScale-spaceen
dc.subjectSpatial correlationen
dc.subjectStatistical significanceen
dc.titleStatistical inference and visualization in scale-space for spatially dependent imagesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of the Korean Statistical Societyen
dc.contributor.institutionDrake University, Des Moines, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionTexas A and M University, College Station, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionThe University of Georgia, Athens, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-C1-016-04en
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