Stable lithium electrodeposition in salt-reinforced electrolytes

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599720
Title:
Stable lithium electrodeposition in salt-reinforced electrolytes
Authors:
Lu, Yingying ( 0000-0002-3494-8014 ) ; Tu, Zhengyuan; Shu, Jonathan; Archer, Lynden A.
Abstract:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Development of high-energy lithium-based batteries that are safe remains a challenge due to the non-uniform lithium electrodeposition during repeated charge and discharge cycles. We report on the effectiveness of lithium bromide (LiBr) salt additives in a common liquid electrolyte (i.e. propylene carbonate (PC)) on the stability of lithium electrodeposition. From galvanostatic cycling measurements, we find that the presence of LiBr in PC provides more than 20-fold enhancement in cell lifetime over the control LiTFSI/PC electrolyte. Batteries containing 30 mol% LiBr additive in the electrolytes are able to cycle stably for at least 1.8 months with no observations of cell failure. From galvanostatic polarization measurements, an electrolyte containing 30 mol% LiBr shows a maximum improvement in lifetime. The formation of uneven lithium electrodeposits is significantly suppressed by the Br-containing SEI layers, evidenced by impedance spectra, post-mortem SEM and XPS analyses. The study also concludes that good solubility of halogenated salts is not necessary for achieving the observed improvements in cell lifetime.
Citation:
Lu Y, Tu Z, Shu J, Archer LA (2015) Stable lithium electrodeposition in salt-reinforced electrolytes. Journal of Power Sources 279: 413–418. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.01.030.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Journal of Power Sources
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-C1-018-02
Issue Date:
Apr-2015
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.01.030
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0378-7753
Sponsors:
This material is based on work supported as part of the Energy Materials Center at Cornell, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award Number DESC0001086. This work made use of the electrochemical characterization facilities of the KAUST-CU Center for Energy and Sustainability, which is supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through Award number KUS-C1-018-02. The Cell Fabrication Facility is fully supported by the DOE Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) within the core funding of the Applied Battery Research (ABR) for Transportation Program. Electron microscopy facilities made use of the Cornell Center for Materials Research Shared Facilities which are supported through the NSF MRSEC program (DMR-1120296).
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLu, Yingyingen
dc.contributor.authorTu, Zhengyuanen
dc.contributor.authorShu, Jonathanen
dc.contributor.authorArcher, Lynden A.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T06:08:17Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-28T06:08:17Zen
dc.date.issued2015-04en
dc.identifier.citationLu Y, Tu Z, Shu J, Archer LA (2015) Stable lithium electrodeposition in salt-reinforced electrolytes. Journal of Power Sources 279: 413–418. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.01.030.en
dc.identifier.issn0378-7753en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.01.030en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599720en
dc.description.abstract© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Development of high-energy lithium-based batteries that are safe remains a challenge due to the non-uniform lithium electrodeposition during repeated charge and discharge cycles. We report on the effectiveness of lithium bromide (LiBr) salt additives in a common liquid electrolyte (i.e. propylene carbonate (PC)) on the stability of lithium electrodeposition. From galvanostatic cycling measurements, we find that the presence of LiBr in PC provides more than 20-fold enhancement in cell lifetime over the control LiTFSI/PC electrolyte. Batteries containing 30 mol% LiBr additive in the electrolytes are able to cycle stably for at least 1.8 months with no observations of cell failure. From galvanostatic polarization measurements, an electrolyte containing 30 mol% LiBr shows a maximum improvement in lifetime. The formation of uneven lithium electrodeposits is significantly suppressed by the Br-containing SEI layers, evidenced by impedance spectra, post-mortem SEM and XPS analyses. The study also concludes that good solubility of halogenated salts is not necessary for achieving the observed improvements in cell lifetime.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis material is based on work supported as part of the Energy Materials Center at Cornell, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award Number DESC0001086. This work made use of the electrochemical characterization facilities of the KAUST-CU Center for Energy and Sustainability, which is supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through Award number KUS-C1-018-02. The Cell Fabrication Facility is fully supported by the DOE Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) within the core funding of the Applied Battery Research (ABR) for Transportation Program. Electron microscopy facilities made use of the Cornell Center for Materials Research Shared Facilities which are supported through the NSF MRSEC program (DMR-1120296).en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectDendriteen
dc.subjectElectrodepositionen
dc.subjectLiquid electrolyteen
dc.subjectLithium bromideen
dc.subjectLithium-metal batteryen
dc.titleStable lithium electrodeposition in salt-reinforced electrolytesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Power Sourcesen
dc.contributor.institutionCornell University, Ithaca, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-C1-018-02en
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