Stable cycling of double-walled silicon nanotube battery anodes through solid–electrolyte interphase control

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599718
Title:
Stable cycling of double-walled silicon nanotube battery anodes through solid–electrolyte interphase control
Authors:
Wu, Hui; Chan, Gerentt; Choi, Jang Wook; Ryu, Ill; Yao, Yan; McDowell, Matthew T.; Lee, Seok Woo; Jackson, Ariel; Yang, Yuan; Hu, Liangbing; Cui, Yi
Abstract:
Although the performance of lithium ion-batteries continues to improve, their energy density and cycle life remain insufficient for applications in consumer electronics, transport and large-scale renewable energy storage 1-5. Silicon has a large charge storage capacity and this makes it an attractive anode material, but pulverization during cycling and an unstable solid-electrolyte interphase has limited the cycle life of silicon anodes to hundreds of cycles 6-11. Here, we show that anodes consisting of an active silicon nanotube surrounded by an ion-permeable silicon oxide shell can cycle over 6,000 times in half cells while retaining more than 85% of their initial capacity. The outer surface of the silicon nanotube is prevented from expansion by the oxide shell, and the expanding inner surface is not exposed to the electrolyte, resulting in a stable solid-electrolyte interphase. Batteries containing these double-walled silicon nanotube anodes exhibit charge capacities approximately eight times larger than conventional carbon anodes and charging rates of up to 20C (a rate of 1C corresponds to complete charge or discharge in one hour). © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Citation:
Wu H, Chan G, Choi JW, Ryu I, Yao Y, et al. (2012) Stable cycling of double-walled silicon nanotube battery anodes through solid–electrolyte interphase control. Nature Nanotechnology 7: 310–315. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NNANO.2012.35.
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Journal:
Nature Nanotechnology
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-l1-001-12
Issue Date:
25-Mar-2012
DOI:
10.1038/NNANO.2012.35
PubMed ID:
22447161
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1748-3387; 1748-3395
Sponsors:
This work was partially supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Vehicle Technologies of the US Department of Energy (contract no. DE-AC02-05CH11231), and the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program (subcontract no. 6951379). This work is also partially supported by the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory LDRD project. Y.C. acknowledges support from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Investigator Award (no. KUS-l1-001-12). G.C. acknowledges support from the Agency of Science, Technology and Research Singapore (A<SUP>star</SUP>STAR) National Science Scholarship. M.T.M. acknowledges support from the Stanford Graduate Fellowship, the National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship and the National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship.
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWu, Huien
dc.contributor.authorChan, Gerentten
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Jang Wooken
dc.contributor.authorRyu, Illen
dc.contributor.authorYao, Yanen
dc.contributor.authorMcDowell, Matthew T.en
dc.contributor.authorLee, Seok Wooen
dc.contributor.authorJackson, Arielen
dc.contributor.authorYang, Yuanen
dc.contributor.authorHu, Liangbingen
dc.contributor.authorCui, Yien
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T06:08:14Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-28T06:08:14Zen
dc.date.issued2012-03-25en
dc.identifier.citationWu H, Chan G, Choi JW, Ryu I, Yao Y, et al. (2012) Stable cycling of double-walled silicon nanotube battery anodes through solid–electrolyte interphase control. Nature Nanotechnology 7: 310–315. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NNANO.2012.35.en
dc.identifier.issn1748-3387en
dc.identifier.issn1748-3395en
dc.identifier.pmid22447161en
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/NNANO.2012.35en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599718en
dc.description.abstractAlthough the performance of lithium ion-batteries continues to improve, their energy density and cycle life remain insufficient for applications in consumer electronics, transport and large-scale renewable energy storage 1-5. Silicon has a large charge storage capacity and this makes it an attractive anode material, but pulverization during cycling and an unstable solid-electrolyte interphase has limited the cycle life of silicon anodes to hundreds of cycles 6-11. Here, we show that anodes consisting of an active silicon nanotube surrounded by an ion-permeable silicon oxide shell can cycle over 6,000 times in half cells while retaining more than 85% of their initial capacity. The outer surface of the silicon nanotube is prevented from expansion by the oxide shell, and the expanding inner surface is not exposed to the electrolyte, resulting in a stable solid-electrolyte interphase. Batteries containing these double-walled silicon nanotube anodes exhibit charge capacities approximately eight times larger than conventional carbon anodes and charging rates of up to 20C (a rate of 1C corresponds to complete charge or discharge in one hour). © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was partially supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Vehicle Technologies of the US Department of Energy (contract no. DE-AC02-05CH11231), and the Batteries for Advanced Transportation Technologies (BATT) Program (subcontract no. 6951379). This work is also partially supported by the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory LDRD project. Y.C. acknowledges support from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Investigator Award (no. KUS-l1-001-12). G.C. acknowledges support from the Agency of Science, Technology and Research Singapore (A<SUP>star</SUP>STAR) National Science Scholarship. M.T.M. acknowledges support from the Stanford Graduate Fellowship, the National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship and the National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship.en
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.titleStable cycling of double-walled silicon nanotube battery anodes through solid–electrolyte interphase controlen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalNature Nanotechnologyen
dc.contributor.institutionStanford University, Palo Alto, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionStanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionKorea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology, Yusong, South Koreaen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-l1-001-12en

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