Separator Characteristics for Increasing Performance of Microbial Fuel Cells

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599600
Title:
Separator Characteristics for Increasing Performance of Microbial Fuel Cells
Authors:
Zhang, Xiaoyuan; Cheng, Shaoan; Wang, Xin; Huang, Xia; Logan, Bruce E.
Abstract:
Two challenges for improving the performance of air cathode, single-chamber microbial fuel cells (MFCs) include increasing Coulombic efficiency (CE) and decreasing internal resistance. Nonbiodegradable glass fiber separators between the two electrodes were shown to increase power and CE, compared to cloth separators (J-cloth) that were degraded over time. MFCtestswereconductedusing glass fibermatswith thicknesses of 1.0mm (GF1) or 0.4 mm (GF0.4), a cation exchange membrane (CEM), and a J-cloth (JC), using reactors with different configurations. Higher power densities were obtained with either GF1 (46 ± 4 W/m3) or JC (46 ± 1 W/m3) in MFCs with a 2 cm electrode spacing, when the separator was placed against the cathode (S-configuration), rather than MFCs with GF0.4 (36 ± 1 W/m3) or CEM (14 ± 1 W/m3). Power was increased to 70 ± 2 W/m3 by placing the electrodes on either side of the GF1 separator (single separator electrode assembly, SSEA) and further to 150 ± 6 W/m3 using two sets of electrodes spaced 2 cm a part (double separator electrode assembly, DSEA). Reducing the DSEA electrode spacing to 0.3 cm increased power to 696 ± 26 W/m3 as a result of a decrease in the ohmic resistance from 5.9 to 2.2 Ω. The main advantages of a GF1 separator compared to JC were an improvement in the CE from 40% to 81% (S-configuration), compared to only 20-40% for JC under similar conditions, and the fact that GF1 was not biodegradable. The high CE for the GF1 separator was attributed to a low oxygen mass transfer coefficient (ko ) 5.0 x 10-5 cm/s). The GF1 andJCmaterials differed in the amount of biomass that accumulated on the separator and its biodegradability, which affected long-term power production and oxygen transport. These results show that materials and mass transfer properties of separators are important factors for improving power densities, CE, and long-term performance of MFCs. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
Citation:
Zhang X, Cheng S, Wang X, Huang X, Logan BE (2009) Separator Characteristics for Increasing Performance of Microbial Fuel Cells. Environ Sci Technol 43: 8456–8461. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es901631p.
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Journal:
Environmental Science & Technology
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-I1-003-13
Issue Date:
Nov-2009
DOI:
10.1021/es901631p
PubMed ID:
19924984
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0013-936X; 1520-5851
Sponsors:
This research was supported by Award KUS-I1-003-13 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), the U.S. National Science Foundation (CBET-0730359), the International Program of MOST (2006DFA91120) in China, and a scholarship from the China Scholarship Council (CSC).
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xiaoyuanen
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Shaoanen
dc.contributor.authorWang, Xinen
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Xiaen
dc.contributor.authorLogan, Bruce E.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T05:54:05Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-28T05:54:05Zen
dc.date.issued2009-11en
dc.identifier.citationZhang X, Cheng S, Wang X, Huang X, Logan BE (2009) Separator Characteristics for Increasing Performance of Microbial Fuel Cells. Environ Sci Technol 43: 8456–8461. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es901631p.en
dc.identifier.issn0013-936Xen
dc.identifier.issn1520-5851en
dc.identifier.pmid19924984en
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/es901631pen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599600en
dc.description.abstractTwo challenges for improving the performance of air cathode, single-chamber microbial fuel cells (MFCs) include increasing Coulombic efficiency (CE) and decreasing internal resistance. Nonbiodegradable glass fiber separators between the two electrodes were shown to increase power and CE, compared to cloth separators (J-cloth) that were degraded over time. MFCtestswereconductedusing glass fibermatswith thicknesses of 1.0mm (GF1) or 0.4 mm (GF0.4), a cation exchange membrane (CEM), and a J-cloth (JC), using reactors with different configurations. Higher power densities were obtained with either GF1 (46 ± 4 W/m3) or JC (46 ± 1 W/m3) in MFCs with a 2 cm electrode spacing, when the separator was placed against the cathode (S-configuration), rather than MFCs with GF0.4 (36 ± 1 W/m3) or CEM (14 ± 1 W/m3). Power was increased to 70 ± 2 W/m3 by placing the electrodes on either side of the GF1 separator (single separator electrode assembly, SSEA) and further to 150 ± 6 W/m3 using two sets of electrodes spaced 2 cm a part (double separator electrode assembly, DSEA). Reducing the DSEA electrode spacing to 0.3 cm increased power to 696 ± 26 W/m3 as a result of a decrease in the ohmic resistance from 5.9 to 2.2 Ω. The main advantages of a GF1 separator compared to JC were an improvement in the CE from 40% to 81% (S-configuration), compared to only 20-40% for JC under similar conditions, and the fact that GF1 was not biodegradable. The high CE for the GF1 separator was attributed to a low oxygen mass transfer coefficient (ko ) 5.0 x 10-5 cm/s). The GF1 andJCmaterials differed in the amount of biomass that accumulated on the separator and its biodegradability, which affected long-term power production and oxygen transport. These results show that materials and mass transfer properties of separators are important factors for improving power densities, CE, and long-term performance of MFCs. © 2009 American Chemical Society.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by Award KUS-I1-003-13 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), the U.S. National Science Foundation (CBET-0730359), the International Program of MOST (2006DFA91120) in China, and a scholarship from the China Scholarship Council (CSC).en
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)en
dc.titleSeparator Characteristics for Increasing Performance of Microbial Fuel Cellsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalEnvironmental Science & Technologyen
dc.contributor.institutionTsinghua University, Beijing, Chinaen
dc.contributor.institutionPennsylvania State University, State College, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionState Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin, Chinaen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-I1-003-13en

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