Scalable air cathode microbial fuel cells using glass fiber separators, plastic mesh supporters, and graphite fiber brush anodes

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599554
Title:
Scalable air cathode microbial fuel cells using glass fiber separators, plastic mesh supporters, and graphite fiber brush anodes
Authors:
Zhang, Xiaoyuan; Cheng, Shaoan; Liang, Peng; Huang, Xia; Logan, Bruce E.
Abstract:
The combined use of brush anodes and glass fiber (GF1) separators, and plastic mesh supporters were used here for the first time to create a scalable microbial fuel cell architecture. Separators prevented short circuiting of closely-spaced electrodes, and cathode supporters were used to avoid water gaps between the separator and cathode that can reduce power production. The maximum power density with a separator and supporter and a single cathode was 75±1W/m3. Removing the separator decreased power by 8%. Adding a second cathode increased power to 154±1W/m3. Current was increased by connecting two MFCs connected in parallel. These results show that brush anodes, combined with a glass fiber separator and a plastic mesh supporter, produce a useful MFC architecture that is inherently scalable due to good insulation between the electrodes and a compact architecture. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Citation:
Zhang X, Cheng S, Liang P, Huang X, Logan BE (2011) Scalable air cathode microbial fuel cells using glass fiber separators, plastic mesh supporters, and graphite fiber brush anodes. Bioresource Technology 102: 372–375. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.05.090.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Bioresource Technology
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-l1-003-13
Issue Date:
Jan-2011
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2010.05.090
PubMed ID:
20566288
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0960-8524
Sponsors:
This research was supported by Award KUS-l1-003-13 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), the US National Science Foundation (CBET-0730359), the 863 Project in China (2006AA06Z329), the Programme of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities (the 111 Project, B07002) in China and a scholarship from the China Scholarship Council (CSC).
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Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xiaoyuanen
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Shaoanen
dc.contributor.authorLiang, Pengen
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Xiaen
dc.contributor.authorLogan, Bruce E.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T05:53:16Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-28T05:53:16Zen
dc.date.issued2011-01en
dc.identifier.citationZhang X, Cheng S, Liang P, Huang X, Logan BE (2011) Scalable air cathode microbial fuel cells using glass fiber separators, plastic mesh supporters, and graphite fiber brush anodes. Bioresource Technology 102: 372–375. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.05.090.en
dc.identifier.issn0960-8524en
dc.identifier.pmid20566288en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.biortech.2010.05.090en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599554en
dc.description.abstractThe combined use of brush anodes and glass fiber (GF1) separators, and plastic mesh supporters were used here for the first time to create a scalable microbial fuel cell architecture. Separators prevented short circuiting of closely-spaced electrodes, and cathode supporters were used to avoid water gaps between the separator and cathode that can reduce power production. The maximum power density with a separator and supporter and a single cathode was 75±1W/m3. Removing the separator decreased power by 8%. Adding a second cathode increased power to 154±1W/m3. Current was increased by connecting two MFCs connected in parallel. These results show that brush anodes, combined with a glass fiber separator and a plastic mesh supporter, produce a useful MFC architecture that is inherently scalable due to good insulation between the electrodes and a compact architecture. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by Award KUS-l1-003-13 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), the US National Science Foundation (CBET-0730359), the 863 Project in China (2006AA06Z329), the Programme of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities (the 111 Project, B07002) in China and a scholarship from the China Scholarship Council (CSC).en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectBioelectricityen
dc.subjectBioelectrochemicalen
dc.subjectBiofuelsen
dc.subjectMicrobial fuel cellen
dc.subjectSeparatorsen
dc.titleScalable air cathode microbial fuel cells using glass fiber separators, plastic mesh supporters, and graphite fiber brush anodesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalBioresource Technologyen
dc.contributor.institutionTsinghua University, Beijing, Chinaen
dc.contributor.institutionZhejiang University, Hangzhou, Chinaen
dc.contributor.institutionPennsylvania State University, State College, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-l1-003-13en
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