Reduction of thermal conductivity in phononic nanomesh structures

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599479
Title:
Reduction of thermal conductivity in phononic nanomesh structures
Authors:
Yu, Jen-Kan; Mitrovic, Slobodan; Tham, Douglas; Varghese, Joseph; Heath, James R.
Abstract:
Controlling the thermal conductivity of a material independently of its electrical conductivity continues to be a goal for researchers working on thermoelectric materials for use in energy applications1,2 and in the cooling of integrated circuits3. In principle, the thermal conductivity κ and the electrical conductivity σ may be independently optimized in semiconducting nanostructures because different length scales are associated with phonons (which carry heat) and electric charges (which carry current). Phonons are scattered at surfaces and interfaces, so κ generally decreases as the surface-to-volume ratio increases. In contrast, σ is less sensitive to a decrease in nanostructure size, although at sufficiently small sizes it will degrade through the scattering of charge carriers at interfaces. Here, we demonstrate an approach to independently controlling κ based on altering the phonon band structure of a semiconductor thin film through the formation of a phononic nanomesh film. These films are patterned with periodic spacings that are comparable to, or shorter than, the phonon mean free path. The nanomesh structure exhibits a substantially lower thermal conductivity than an equivalently prepared array of silicon nanowires, even though this array has a significantly higher surface-to-volume ratio. Bulk-like electrical conductivity is preserved. We suggest that this development is a step towards a coherent mechanism for lowering thermal conductivity. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Citation:
Yu J-K, Mitrovic S, Tham D, Varghese J, Heath JR (2010) Reduction of thermal conductivity in phononic nanomesh structures. Nature Nanotechnology 5: 718–721. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2010.149.
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Journal:
Nature Nanotechnology
Issue Date:
25-Jul-2010
DOI:
10.1038/nnano.2010.149
PubMed ID:
20657598
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1748-3387; 1748-3395
Sponsors:
This work was funded by the Department of Energy (Basic Energy Sciences). The authors acknowledge the Intel Foundation for a graduate fellowship (J.-K.Y.), KAUST for a Scholar Award (D.T.), and the National Science Foundation for a graduate fellowship (J.V.). The authors also thank J. Tahir-Kheli for helpful discussions and A. Boukai for early assistance with device fabrication. J.-K.Y. thanks H. Do (UCLA Nanoelectronics Research Facility) for helpful suggestions regarding device fabrication.
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Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorYu, Jen-Kanen
dc.contributor.authorMitrovic, Slobodanen
dc.contributor.authorTham, Douglasen
dc.contributor.authorVarghese, Josephen
dc.contributor.authorHeath, James R.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T05:51:53Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-28T05:51:53Zen
dc.date.issued2010-07-25en
dc.identifier.citationYu J-K, Mitrovic S, Tham D, Varghese J, Heath JR (2010) Reduction of thermal conductivity in phononic nanomesh structures. Nature Nanotechnology 5: 718–721. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2010.149.en
dc.identifier.issn1748-3387en
dc.identifier.issn1748-3395en
dc.identifier.pmid20657598en
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/nnano.2010.149en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599479en
dc.description.abstractControlling the thermal conductivity of a material independently of its electrical conductivity continues to be a goal for researchers working on thermoelectric materials for use in energy applications1,2 and in the cooling of integrated circuits3. In principle, the thermal conductivity κ and the electrical conductivity σ may be independently optimized in semiconducting nanostructures because different length scales are associated with phonons (which carry heat) and electric charges (which carry current). Phonons are scattered at surfaces and interfaces, so κ generally decreases as the surface-to-volume ratio increases. In contrast, σ is less sensitive to a decrease in nanostructure size, although at sufficiently small sizes it will degrade through the scattering of charge carriers at interfaces. Here, we demonstrate an approach to independently controlling κ based on altering the phonon band structure of a semiconductor thin film through the formation of a phononic nanomesh film. These films are patterned with periodic spacings that are comparable to, or shorter than, the phonon mean free path. The nanomesh structure exhibits a substantially lower thermal conductivity than an equivalently prepared array of silicon nanowires, even though this array has a significantly higher surface-to-volume ratio. Bulk-like electrical conductivity is preserved. We suggest that this development is a step towards a coherent mechanism for lowering thermal conductivity. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was funded by the Department of Energy (Basic Energy Sciences). The authors acknowledge the Intel Foundation for a graduate fellowship (J.-K.Y.), KAUST for a Scholar Award (D.T.), and the National Science Foundation for a graduate fellowship (J.V.). The authors also thank J. Tahir-Kheli for helpful discussions and A. Boukai for early assistance with device fabrication. J.-K.Y. thanks H. Do (UCLA Nanoelectronics Research Facility) for helpful suggestions regarding device fabrication.en
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.titleReduction of thermal conductivity in phononic nanomesh structuresen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalNature Nanotechnologyen
dc.contributor.institutionCalifornia Institute of Technology, Pasadena, United Statesen

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