Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599397
Title:
Prestack wavefield approximations
Authors:
Alkhalifah, Tariq
Abstract:
The double-square-root (DSR) relation offers a platform to perform prestack imaging using an extended single wavefield that honors the geometrical configuration between sources, receivers, and the image point, or in other words, prestack wavefields. Extrapolating such wavefields, nevertheless, suffers from limitations. Chief among them is the singularity associated with horizontally propagating waves. I have devised highly accurate approximations free of such singularities which are highly accurate. Specifically, I use Padé expansions with denominators given by a power series that is an order lower than that of the numerator, and thus, introduce a free variable to balance the series order and normalize the singularity. For the higher-order Padé approximation, the errors are negligible. Additional simplifications, like recasting the DSR formula as a function of scattering angle, allow for a singularity free form that is useful for constant-angle-gather imaging. A dynamic form of this DSR formula can be supported by kinematic evaluations of the scattering angle to provide efficient prestack wavefield construction. Applying a similar approximation to the dip angle yields an efficient 1D wave equation with the scattering and dip angles extracted from, for example, DSR ray tracing. Application to the complex Marmousi data set demonstrates that these approximations, although they may provide less than optimal results, allow for efficient and flexible implementations. © 2013 Society of Exploration Geophysicists.
Citation:
OCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"><html><head> <title>Current Links for doi: 10.1190/geo2012-0532.1 </title> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"> <!--geophysics.html--></head><style> body { font-size: 100%; font-family: arial, times; } #prime { padding: 5px; } #second { padding: 5px; } #links { padding: 5px; } #data { padding:5px; } #top { padding:5px; }</style><body><div id="top"> <img src="/docs/iPage/images/SEG_corp_logo.jpg" alt="SEG Corp Logo"/> <p> The Society of Exploration Geophysicists is a not-for-profit organization that promotes the science of applied geophysics and the education of geophysicists. SEG, founded in 1930, fosters the expert and ethical practice of geophysics in the exploration and development of natural resources, in characterizing the near surface, and in mitigating earth hazards. The Society, which has more than 33 000 members in 138 countries, fulfills its mission through its publications, conferences, forums, Web sites, and educational opportunities. </p> <hr/></div><div id="data"> <table width="450"> <tr><td><b>Prestack wavefield approximations</b></td></tr><tr><td>Alkhalifah,Tariq</td></tr><tr><td><i>GEOPHYSICS</i>(2013),78(5):T141</td></tr><tr><td><a href='http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/geo2012-0532.1'>http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/geo2012-0532.1</td></tr> </table> <hr/></div><div id="links"> <p> This article is available from multiple sources. <br/>Please click on the logo of the service to which you have a subscription, or click any logo to obtain pay-per-view access. </p> <div id="prime"> <a href=http://library.seg.org/doi/abs/10.1190/geo2012-0532.1><img src="/docs/iPage/images/segdl_logo.gif" alt="SEGDL Logo"/></a> </div> <div id="second"> <a href=http://geophysics.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/doi/10.1190/geo2012-0532.1><img src="/docs/iPage/images/gswbanner.gif" alt="GSW Logo"/></a> </div></div></body></html>
Publisher:
Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Journal:
GEOPHYSICS
Issue Date:
Sep-2013
DOI:
10.1190/GEO2012-0532.1
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0016-8033; 1942-2156
Sponsors:
I thank Zedong Wu for generating the split-step Marmousi data set used here and for fruitful discussions. I thank KAUST for its support. I also thank the seismic wave analysis group for their support. I thank Jeff Shragge, Alexey Stovas, Bin Wang, and an anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments and suggestions.
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorAlkhalifah, Tariqen
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-28T05:50:21Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-28T05:50:21Zen
dc.date.issued2013-09en
dc.identifier.citationOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"><html><head> <title>Current Links for doi: 10.1190/geo2012-0532.1 </title> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"> <!--geophysics.html--></head><style> body { font-size: 100%; font-family: arial, times; } #prime { padding: 5px; } #second { padding: 5px; } #links { padding: 5px; } #data { padding:5px; } #top { padding:5px; }</style><body><div id="top"> <img src="/docs/iPage/images/SEG_corp_logo.jpg" alt="SEG Corp Logo"/> <p> The Society of Exploration Geophysicists is a not-for-profit organization that promotes the science of applied geophysics and the education of geophysicists. SEG, founded in 1930, fosters the expert and ethical practice of geophysics in the exploration and development of natural resources, in characterizing the near surface, and in mitigating earth hazards. The Society, which has more than 33 000 members in 138 countries, fulfills its mission through its publications, conferences, forums, Web sites, and educational opportunities. </p> <hr/></div><div id="data"> <table width="450"> <tr><td><b>Prestack wavefield approximations</b></td></tr><tr><td>Alkhalifah,Tariq</td></tr><tr><td><i>GEOPHYSICS</i>(2013),78(5):T141</td></tr><tr><td><a href='http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/geo2012-0532.1'>http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/geo2012-0532.1</td></tr> </table> <hr/></div><div id="links"> <p> This article is available from multiple sources. <br/>Please click on the logo of the service to which you have a subscription, or click any logo to obtain pay-per-view access. </p> <div id="prime"> <a href=http://library.seg.org/doi/abs/10.1190/geo2012-0532.1><img src="/docs/iPage/images/segdl_logo.gif" alt="SEGDL Logo"/></a> </div> <div id="second"> <a href=http://geophysics.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/doi/10.1190/geo2012-0532.1><img src="/docs/iPage/images/gswbanner.gif" alt="GSW Logo"/></a> </div></div></body></html>en
dc.identifier.issn0016-8033en
dc.identifier.issn1942-2156en
dc.identifier.doi10.1190/GEO2012-0532.1en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599397en
dc.description.abstractThe double-square-root (DSR) relation offers a platform to perform prestack imaging using an extended single wavefield that honors the geometrical configuration between sources, receivers, and the image point, or in other words, prestack wavefields. Extrapolating such wavefields, nevertheless, suffers from limitations. Chief among them is the singularity associated with horizontally propagating waves. I have devised highly accurate approximations free of such singularities which are highly accurate. Specifically, I use Padé expansions with denominators given by a power series that is an order lower than that of the numerator, and thus, introduce a free variable to balance the series order and normalize the singularity. For the higher-order Padé approximation, the errors are negligible. Additional simplifications, like recasting the DSR formula as a function of scattering angle, allow for a singularity free form that is useful for constant-angle-gather imaging. A dynamic form of this DSR formula can be supported by kinematic evaluations of the scattering angle to provide efficient prestack wavefield construction. Applying a similar approximation to the dip angle yields an efficient 1D wave equation with the scattering and dip angles extracted from, for example, DSR ray tracing. Application to the complex Marmousi data set demonstrates that these approximations, although they may provide less than optimal results, allow for efficient and flexible implementations. © 2013 Society of Exploration Geophysicists.en
dc.description.sponsorshipI thank Zedong Wu for generating the split-step Marmousi data set used here and for fruitful discussions. I thank KAUST for its support. I also thank the seismic wave analysis group for their support. I thank Jeff Shragge, Alexey Stovas, Bin Wang, and an anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments and suggestions.en
dc.publisherSociety of Exploration Geophysicistsen
dc.titlePrestack wavefield approximationsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalGEOPHYSICSen
dc.contributor.institutionKing Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh, Saudi Arabiaen
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