Poly(vinyl alcohol) separators improve the coulombic efficiency of activated carbon cathodes in microbial fuel cells

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599209
Title:
Poly(vinyl alcohol) separators improve the coulombic efficiency of activated carbon cathodes in microbial fuel cells
Authors:
Chen, Guang; Zhang, Fang; Logan, Bruce E.; Hickner, Michael A.
Abstract:
High-performance microbial fuel cell (MFC) air cathodes were constructed using a combination of inexpensive materials for the oxygen reduction cathode catalyst and the electrode separator. A poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)-based electrode separator enabled high coulombic efficiencies (CEs) in MFCs with activated carbon (AC) cathodes without significantly decreasing power output. MFCs with AC cathodes and PVA separators had CEs (43%-89%) about twice those of AC cathodes lacking a separator (17%-55%) or cathodes made with platinum supported on carbon catalyst (Pt/C) and carbon cloth (CE of 20%-50%). Similar maximum power densities were observed for AC-cathode MFCs with (840 ± 42 mW/m2) or without (860 ± 10 mW/m2) the PVA separator after 18 cycles (36 days). Compared to MFCs with Pt-based cathodes, the cost of the AC-based cathodes with PVA separators was substantially reduced. These results demonstrated that AC-based cathodes with PVA separators are an inexpensive alternative to expensive Pt-based cathodes for construction of larger-scale MFC reactors. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Citation:
Chen G, Zhang F, Logan BE, Hickner MA (2013) Poly(vinyl alcohol) separators improve the coulombic efficiency of activated carbon cathodes in microbial fuel cells. Electrochemistry Communications 34: 150–152. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2013.05.026.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Electrochemistry Communications
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-I1-003-13
Issue Date:
Sep-2013
DOI:
10.1016/j.elecom.2013.05.026
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1388-2481
Sponsors:
This research was supported by Award KUS-I1-003-13 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorChen, Guangen
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Fangen
dc.contributor.authorLogan, Bruce E.en
dc.contributor.authorHickner, Michael A.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T13:54:57Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T13:54:57Zen
dc.date.issued2013-09en
dc.identifier.citationChen G, Zhang F, Logan BE, Hickner MA (2013) Poly(vinyl alcohol) separators improve the coulombic efficiency of activated carbon cathodes in microbial fuel cells. Electrochemistry Communications 34: 150–152. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2013.05.026.en
dc.identifier.issn1388-2481en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.elecom.2013.05.026en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599209en
dc.description.abstractHigh-performance microbial fuel cell (MFC) air cathodes were constructed using a combination of inexpensive materials for the oxygen reduction cathode catalyst and the electrode separator. A poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)-based electrode separator enabled high coulombic efficiencies (CEs) in MFCs with activated carbon (AC) cathodes without significantly decreasing power output. MFCs with AC cathodes and PVA separators had CEs (43%-89%) about twice those of AC cathodes lacking a separator (17%-55%) or cathodes made with platinum supported on carbon catalyst (Pt/C) and carbon cloth (CE of 20%-50%). Similar maximum power densities were observed for AC-cathode MFCs with (840 ± 42 mW/m2) or without (860 ± 10 mW/m2) the PVA separator after 18 cycles (36 days). Compared to MFCs with Pt-based cathodes, the cost of the AC-based cathodes with PVA separators was substantially reduced. These results demonstrated that AC-based cathodes with PVA separators are an inexpensive alternative to expensive Pt-based cathodes for construction of larger-scale MFC reactors. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by Award KUS-I1-003-13 from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectActivated carbonen
dc.subjectCathodeen
dc.subjectMicrobial fuel cellen
dc.subjectPoly(vinyl alcohol)en
dc.subjectSeparatoren
dc.titlePoly(vinyl alcohol) separators improve the coulombic efficiency of activated carbon cathodes in microbial fuel cellsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalElectrochemistry Communicationsen
dc.contributor.institutionPennsylvania State University, State College, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-I1-003-13en
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