Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/599040
Title:
On Landau damping
Authors:
Mouhot, Clément; Villani, Cédric
Abstract:
Going beyond the linearized study has been a longstanding problem in the theory of Landau damping. In this paper we establish exponential Landau damping in analytic regularity. The damping phenomenon is reinterpreted in terms of transfer of regularity between kinetic and spatial variables, rather than exchanges of energy; phase mixing is the driving mechanism. The analysis involves new families of analytic norms, measuring regularity by comparison with solutions of the free transport equation; new functional inequalities; a control of non-linear echoes; sharp "deflection" estimates; and a Newton approximation scheme. Our results hold for any potential no more singular than Coulomb or Newton interaction; the limit cases are included with specific technical effort. As a side result, the stability of homogeneous equilibria of the non-linear Vlasov equation is established under sharp assumptions. We point out the strong analogy with the KAM theory, and discuss physical implications. Finally, we extend these results to some Gevrey (non-analytic) distribution functions. © 2011 Institut Mittag-Leffler.
Citation:
Mouhot C, Villani C (2011) On Landau damping. Acta Math 207: 29–201. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11511-011-0068-9.
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Journal:
Acta Mathematica
KAUST Grant Number:
KUK-I1-007-43
Issue Date:
Sep-2011
DOI:
10.1007/s11511-011-0068-9
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0001-5962; 1871-2509
Sponsors:
This project started from an unlikely conjunction of discussions of the authors withvarious people, most notably Yan Guo, Dong Li, Freddy Bouchet and Etienne Ghys.We also got crucial inspiration from the books [9] and [10] by James Binney and ScottTremaine; and [2] by Serge Alinhac and Patrick Gerard. Warm thanks to Julien Barre,Jean Dolbeault, Thierry Gallay, Stephen Gustafson, Gregory Hammett, Donald Lynden-Bell, Michael Sigal, Eric Sere and especially Michael Kiessling for useful exchanges andreferences; and to Francis Filbet and Irene Gamba for providing numerical simulations.We are also grateful to Patrick Bernard, Freddy Bouchet, Emanuele Caglioti, YvesElskens, Yan Guo, Zhiwu Lin, Michael Loss, Peter Markowich, Govind Menon, YannOllivier, Mario Pulvirenti, Jeff Rauch, Igor Rodnianski, Peter Smereka, Yoshio Sone,Tom Spencer, and the team of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory for further con-structive discussions about our results. Finally, we acknowledge the generous hospitalityof several institutions: Brown University, where the first author was introduced to Lan-dau damping by Yan Guo in early 2005; the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton,who offered the second author a serene atmosphere of work and concentration during thebest part of the preparation of this work; Cambridge University, who provided repeatedhospitality to the first author thanks to the Award No. KUK-I1-007-43, funded by theKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology; and the University of Michigan,where conversations with Jeff Rauch and others triggered a significant improvement ofour results.Our deep thanks go to the referees for their careful examination of the manuscript.We dedicate this paper to two great scientists who passed away during the elaboration ofour work. The first one is Carlo Cercignani, one of the leaders of kinetic theory, author ofseveral masterful treatises on the Boltzmann equation, and a long-time personal friend ofthe second author. The other one is Vladimir Arnold, a mathematician of extraordinaryinsight and influence; in this paper we shall uncover a tight link between Landau dampingand the theory of perturbation of completely integrable Hamiltonian systems, to whichArnold has made major contributions.
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMouhot, Clémenten
dc.contributor.authorVillani, Cédricen
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T13:51:42Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T13:51:42Zen
dc.date.issued2011-09en
dc.identifier.citationMouhot C, Villani C (2011) On Landau damping. Acta Math 207: 29–201. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11511-011-0068-9.en
dc.identifier.issn0001-5962en
dc.identifier.issn1871-2509en
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11511-011-0068-9en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/599040en
dc.description.abstractGoing beyond the linearized study has been a longstanding problem in the theory of Landau damping. In this paper we establish exponential Landau damping in analytic regularity. The damping phenomenon is reinterpreted in terms of transfer of regularity between kinetic and spatial variables, rather than exchanges of energy; phase mixing is the driving mechanism. The analysis involves new families of analytic norms, measuring regularity by comparison with solutions of the free transport equation; new functional inequalities; a control of non-linear echoes; sharp "deflection" estimates; and a Newton approximation scheme. Our results hold for any potential no more singular than Coulomb or Newton interaction; the limit cases are included with specific technical effort. As a side result, the stability of homogeneous equilibria of the non-linear Vlasov equation is established under sharp assumptions. We point out the strong analogy with the KAM theory, and discuss physical implications. Finally, we extend these results to some Gevrey (non-analytic) distribution functions. © 2011 Institut Mittag-Leffler.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis project started from an unlikely conjunction of discussions of the authors withvarious people, most notably Yan Guo, Dong Li, Freddy Bouchet and Etienne Ghys.We also got crucial inspiration from the books [9] and [10] by James Binney and ScottTremaine; and [2] by Serge Alinhac and Patrick Gerard. Warm thanks to Julien Barre,Jean Dolbeault, Thierry Gallay, Stephen Gustafson, Gregory Hammett, Donald Lynden-Bell, Michael Sigal, Eric Sere and especially Michael Kiessling for useful exchanges andreferences; and to Francis Filbet and Irene Gamba for providing numerical simulations.We are also grateful to Patrick Bernard, Freddy Bouchet, Emanuele Caglioti, YvesElskens, Yan Guo, Zhiwu Lin, Michael Loss, Peter Markowich, Govind Menon, YannOllivier, Mario Pulvirenti, Jeff Rauch, Igor Rodnianski, Peter Smereka, Yoshio Sone,Tom Spencer, and the team of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory for further con-structive discussions about our results. Finally, we acknowledge the generous hospitalityof several institutions: Brown University, where the first author was introduced to Lan-dau damping by Yan Guo in early 2005; the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton,who offered the second author a serene atmosphere of work and concentration during thebest part of the preparation of this work; Cambridge University, who provided repeatedhospitality to the first author thanks to the Award No. KUK-I1-007-43, funded by theKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology; and the University of Michigan,where conversations with Jeff Rauch and others triggered a significant improvement ofour results.Our deep thanks go to the referees for their careful examination of the manuscript.We dedicate this paper to two great scientists who passed away during the elaboration ofour work. The first one is Carlo Cercignani, one of the leaders of kinetic theory, author ofseveral masterful treatises on the Boltzmann equation, and a long-time personal friend ofthe second author. The other one is Vladimir Arnold, a mathematician of extraordinaryinsight and influence; in this paper we shall uncover a tight link between Landau dampingand the theory of perturbation of completely integrable Hamiltonian systems, to whichArnold has made major contributions.en
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen
dc.titleOn Landau dampingen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalActa Mathematicaen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdomen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversite de Lyon, Lyon, Franceen
kaust.grant.numberKUK-I1-007-43en
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