Nearshore, seasonally persistent fronts in sea surface temperature on Red Sea tropical reefs

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/598962
Title:
Nearshore, seasonally persistent fronts in sea surface temperature on Red Sea tropical reefs
Authors:
Blythe, J. N.; da Silva, J. C. B.; Pineda, J.
Abstract:
Temperature variability was studied on tropical reefs off the coast of Saudi Arabia in the Red Sea using remote sensing from Aqua and Terra satellites. Cross-shore gradients in sea surface temperature (SST) were observed, including cold fronts (colder inshore) during winter and warm fronts (warmer inshore) during summer. Fronts persisted over synoptic and seasonal time-scales and had a periodic annual cycle over a 10-year time-series. Measurements of cross-shore SST variability were conducted at the scale of tens of kilometres, which encompassed temperature over shallow tropical reef complexes and the continental slope. Two tropical reefs that had similar reef geomorphology and offshore continental slope topography had identical cold fronts, although they were separated by 100 km along the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia. Satellite SST gradients across contours of topography of tropical reefs can be used as an index to flag areas potentially exposed to temperature stress. © 2011 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.
Citation:
Blythe JN, da Silva JCB, Pineda J (2011) Nearshore, seasonally persistent fronts in sea surface temperature on Red Sea tropical reefs. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68: 1827–1832. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsr109.
Publisher:
Oxford University Press (OUP)
Journal:
ICES Journal of Marine Science
KAUST Grant Number:
USA 00002; KSA 00011
Issue Date:
8-Jul-2011
DOI:
10.1093/icesjms/fsr109
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1054-3139; 1095-9289
Sponsors:
We thank the Ocean Biology Processing Group (Code 614.2), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA, for producing and distributing the ocean colour data. We thank Tom Farrar for discussions about atmospheric and ocean interactions in the Red Sea region, for the meteorological tower wind data, and for critically reviewing a draft of this manuscript, and Igor Belkin and anonymous reviewers for improving it further. JNB thanks Deirdre Byrne and Kenneth Casey of the US National Oceanographic Data Center for discussions on coastal oceanography research using satellite SST data. The research was supported by Awards USA 00002 and KSA 00011 made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) to JP.
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBlythe, J. N.en
dc.contributor.authorda Silva, J. C. B.en
dc.contributor.authorPineda, J.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T13:44:31Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T13:44:31Zen
dc.date.issued2011-07-08en
dc.identifier.citationBlythe JN, da Silva JCB, Pineda J (2011) Nearshore, seasonally persistent fronts in sea surface temperature on Red Sea tropical reefs. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68: 1827–1832. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsr109.en
dc.identifier.issn1054-3139en
dc.identifier.issn1095-9289en
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/icesjms/fsr109en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/598962en
dc.description.abstractTemperature variability was studied on tropical reefs off the coast of Saudi Arabia in the Red Sea using remote sensing from Aqua and Terra satellites. Cross-shore gradients in sea surface temperature (SST) were observed, including cold fronts (colder inshore) during winter and warm fronts (warmer inshore) during summer. Fronts persisted over synoptic and seasonal time-scales and had a periodic annual cycle over a 10-year time-series. Measurements of cross-shore SST variability were conducted at the scale of tens of kilometres, which encompassed temperature over shallow tropical reef complexes and the continental slope. Two tropical reefs that had similar reef geomorphology and offshore continental slope topography had identical cold fronts, although they were separated by 100 km along the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia. Satellite SST gradients across contours of topography of tropical reefs can be used as an index to flag areas potentially exposed to temperature stress. © 2011 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank the Ocean Biology Processing Group (Code 614.2), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA, for producing and distributing the ocean colour data. We thank Tom Farrar for discussions about atmospheric and ocean interactions in the Red Sea region, for the meteorological tower wind data, and for critically reviewing a draft of this manuscript, and Igor Belkin and anonymous reviewers for improving it further. JNB thanks Deirdre Byrne and Kenneth Casey of the US National Oceanographic Data Center for discussions on coastal oceanography research using satellite SST data. The research was supported by Awards USA 00002 and KSA 00011 made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) to JP.en
dc.publisherOxford University Press (OUP)en
dc.subjectbarrier reefen
dc.subjectcoral reefen
dc.subjectcross-shore SST gradienten
dc.subjectfronten
dc.subjectRed Seaen
dc.subjecttemperature stressen
dc.subjecttropical lagoonen
dc.titleNearshore, seasonally persistent fronts in sea surface temperature on Red Sea tropical reefsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalICES Journal of Marine Scienceen
dc.contributor.institutionWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade do Porto, Porto, Portugalen
dc.contributor.institutionEarth Resources Technology, Inc., Laurel, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberUSA 00002en
kaust.grant.numberKSA 00011en
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