Morphological Changes of Limestone Sorbent Particles during Carbonation/Calcination Looping Cycles in a Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) and Reactivation with Steam

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/598887
Title:
Morphological Changes of Limestone Sorbent Particles during Carbonation/Calcination Looping Cycles in a Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) and Reactivation with Steam
Authors:
Wu, Y.; Blamey, J.; Anthony, E. J.; Fennell, P. S.
Abstract:
Carbonation and calcination looping cycles were carried out on four limestones in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The CO2 carrying capacity of a limestone particle decays very quickly in the first 10 cycles, reducing to about 20% of its original uptake capacity after 10 cycles for the four limestones studied in this work, and it decreases further to 6-12% after 50 cycles. A new steam reactivation method was applied on the spent sorbent to recover the loss of reactivity. The steam reactivation of multi-cycled samples was conducted at atmospheric pressure. Steam reactivation for 5 min at 130 °C of particles that had undergone 10 cycles resulted in an immediate increase (by 45-60% points) in carrying capacity. The morphological changes of limestone particles during the cycling and steam reactivation were studied using both an optical microscope and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The diameters of limestone particles shrank by about 2-7% after 10 carbonation/calcination cycles, and the particle diameters swelled significantly (12-22% increase) after steam reactivation. These size changes are important for studies of attrition and mathematical modeling of carbonation. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Citation:
Wu Y, Blamey J, Anthony EJ, Fennell PS (2010) Morphological Changes of Limestone Sorbent Particles during Carbonation/Calcination Looping Cycles in a Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) and Reactivation with Steam. Energy Fuels 24: 2768–2776. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef9012449.
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Journal:
Energy & Fuels
Issue Date:
15-Apr-2010
DOI:
10.1021/ef9012449
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0887-0624; 1520-5029
Sponsors:
The authors are grateful for the financial support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), in conjunction with the Department of Chemical Engineering at Imperial College London, and from CanmetENERGY, Natural Resources Canada.
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWu, Y.en
dc.contributor.authorBlamey, J.en
dc.contributor.authorAnthony, E. J.en
dc.contributor.authorFennell, P. S.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T13:43:06Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T13:43:06Zen
dc.date.issued2010-04-15en
dc.identifier.citationWu Y, Blamey J, Anthony EJ, Fennell PS (2010) Morphological Changes of Limestone Sorbent Particles during Carbonation/Calcination Looping Cycles in a Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) and Reactivation with Steam. Energy Fuels 24: 2768–2776. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef9012449.en
dc.identifier.issn0887-0624en
dc.identifier.issn1520-5029en
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/ef9012449en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/598887en
dc.description.abstractCarbonation and calcination looping cycles were carried out on four limestones in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The CO2 carrying capacity of a limestone particle decays very quickly in the first 10 cycles, reducing to about 20% of its original uptake capacity after 10 cycles for the four limestones studied in this work, and it decreases further to 6-12% after 50 cycles. A new steam reactivation method was applied on the spent sorbent to recover the loss of reactivity. The steam reactivation of multi-cycled samples was conducted at atmospheric pressure. Steam reactivation for 5 min at 130 °C of particles that had undergone 10 cycles resulted in an immediate increase (by 45-60% points) in carrying capacity. The morphological changes of limestone particles during the cycling and steam reactivation were studied using both an optical microscope and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The diameters of limestone particles shrank by about 2-7% after 10 carbonation/calcination cycles, and the particle diameters swelled significantly (12-22% increase) after steam reactivation. These size changes are important for studies of attrition and mathematical modeling of carbonation. © 2010 American Chemical Society.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors are grateful for the financial support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), in conjunction with the Department of Chemical Engineering at Imperial College London, and from CanmetENERGY, Natural Resources Canada.en
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)en
dc.titleMorphological Changes of Limestone Sorbent Particles during Carbonation/Calcination Looping Cycles in a Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) and Reactivation with Steamen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalEnergy & Fuelsen
dc.contributor.institutionCANMET Energy Technology Center, Ottawa, Canadaen
dc.contributor.institutionImperial College London, London, United Kingdomen
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