Metal nanogrids, nanowires, and nanofibers for transparent electrodes

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/598811
Title:
Metal nanogrids, nanowires, and nanofibers for transparent electrodes
Authors:
Hu, Liangbing; Wu, Hui; Cui, Yi
Abstract:
Metals possess the highest conductivity among all room-temperature materials; however, ultrathin metal films demonstrate decent optical transparency but poor sheet conductance due to electron scattering from the surface and grain boundaries. This article discusses engineered metal nanostructures in the form of nanogrids, nanowires, or continuous nanofibers as efficient transparent and conductive electrodes. Metal nanogrids are discussed, as they represent an excellent platform for understanding the fundamental science. Progress toward low-cost, nano-ink-based printed silver nanowire electrodes, including silver nanowire synthesis, film fabrication, wire-wire junction resistance, optoelectronic properties, and stability, are also discussed. Another important factor for low-cost application is to use earth-abundant materials. Copper-based nanowires and nanofibers are discussed in this context. Examples of device integrations of these materials are also given. Such metal nanostructure-based transparent electrodes are particularly attractive for solar cell applications. © 2011 Materials Research Society.
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Journal:
MRS Bulletin
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-11-001-12
Issue Date:
Oct-2011
DOI:
10.1557/mrs.2011.234
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0883-7694; 1938-1425
Sponsors:
We acknowledge support from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Investigator Award (No. KUS-11-001-12) and U.S. Department of Energy.
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHu, Liangbingen
dc.contributor.authorWu, Huien
dc.contributor.authorCui, Yien
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T13:41:41Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T13:41:41Zen
dc.date.issued2011-10en
dc.identifier.issn0883-7694en
dc.identifier.issn1938-1425en
dc.identifier.doi10.1557/mrs.2011.234en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/598811en
dc.description.abstractMetals possess the highest conductivity among all room-temperature materials; however, ultrathin metal films demonstrate decent optical transparency but poor sheet conductance due to electron scattering from the surface and grain boundaries. This article discusses engineered metal nanostructures in the form of nanogrids, nanowires, or continuous nanofibers as efficient transparent and conductive electrodes. Metal nanogrids are discussed, as they represent an excellent platform for understanding the fundamental science. Progress toward low-cost, nano-ink-based printed silver nanowire electrodes, including silver nanowire synthesis, film fabrication, wire-wire junction resistance, optoelectronic properties, and stability, are also discussed. Another important factor for low-cost application is to use earth-abundant materials. Copper-based nanowires and nanofibers are discussed in this context. Examples of device integrations of these materials are also given. Such metal nanostructure-based transparent electrodes are particularly attractive for solar cell applications. © 2011 Materials Research Society.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWe acknowledge support from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Investigator Award (No. KUS-11-001-12) and U.S. Department of Energy.en
dc.publisherCambridge University Press (CUP)en
dc.subjectdevicesen
dc.subjectnanostructureen
dc.subjectoptical propertiesen
dc.subjecttransparent conductoren
dc.titleMetal nanogrids, nanowires, and nanofibers for transparent electrodesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalMRS Bulletinen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Maryland, College Park, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionStanford University, Palo Alto, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-11-001-12en
All Items in KAUST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.