Formation Mechanism of Carbogenic Nanoparticles with Dual Photoluminescence Emission

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/598350
Title:
Formation Mechanism of Carbogenic Nanoparticles with Dual Photoluminescence Emission
Authors:
Krysmann, Marta J.; Kelarakis, Antonios; Dallas, Panagiotis; Giannelis, Emmanuel P.
Abstract:
We present a systematic investigation of the formation mechanism of carbogenic nanoparticles (CNPs), otherwise referred to as C-dots, by following the pyrolysis of citric acid (CA)-ethanolamine (EA) precursor at different temperatures. Pyrolysis at 180 °C leads to a CNP molecular precursor with a strongly intense photoluminescence (PL) spectrum and high quantum yield formed by dehydration of CA-EA. At higher temperatures (230 °C) a carbogenic core starts forming and the PL is due to the presence of both molecular fluorophores and the carbogenic core. CNPs that exhibit mostly or exclusively PL arising from carbogenic cores are obtained at even higher temperatures (300 and 400 °C, respectively). Since the molecular fluorophores predominate at low pyrolysis temperatures while the carbogenic core starts forming at higher temperatures, the PL behavior of CNPs strongly depends on the conditions used for their synthesis. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Citation:
Krysmann MJ, Kelarakis A, Dallas P, Giannelis EP (2012) Formation Mechanism of Carbogenic Nanoparticles with Dual Photoluminescence Emission. Journal of the American Chemical Society 134: 747–750. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja204661r.
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Journal:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-C1-018-02
Issue Date:
18-Jan-2012
DOI:
10.1021/ja204661r
PubMed ID:
22201260
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0002-7863; 1520-5126
Sponsors:
This publication is based on work supported in part by Award No. KUS-C1-018-02 made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. It is also based on work supported in part by Torrey Pines and the Energy Materials Center at Cornell, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Award No. DE-SC0001086. M.J.K. and A.K. dedicate this Communication to Prof. Colin Booth (Manchester University) on the occasion of his 80th birthday.
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKrysmann, Marta J.en
dc.contributor.authorKelarakis, Antoniosen
dc.contributor.authorDallas, Panagiotisen
dc.contributor.authorGiannelis, Emmanuel P.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T13:19:11Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T13:19:11Zen
dc.date.issued2012-01-18en
dc.identifier.citationKrysmann MJ, Kelarakis A, Dallas P, Giannelis EP (2012) Formation Mechanism of Carbogenic Nanoparticles with Dual Photoluminescence Emission. Journal of the American Chemical Society 134: 747–750. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja204661r.en
dc.identifier.issn0002-7863en
dc.identifier.issn1520-5126en
dc.identifier.pmid22201260en
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/ja204661ren
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/598350en
dc.description.abstractWe present a systematic investigation of the formation mechanism of carbogenic nanoparticles (CNPs), otherwise referred to as C-dots, by following the pyrolysis of citric acid (CA)-ethanolamine (EA) precursor at different temperatures. Pyrolysis at 180 °C leads to a CNP molecular precursor with a strongly intense photoluminescence (PL) spectrum and high quantum yield formed by dehydration of CA-EA. At higher temperatures (230 °C) a carbogenic core starts forming and the PL is due to the presence of both molecular fluorophores and the carbogenic core. CNPs that exhibit mostly or exclusively PL arising from carbogenic cores are obtained at even higher temperatures (300 and 400 °C, respectively). Since the molecular fluorophores predominate at low pyrolysis temperatures while the carbogenic core starts forming at higher temperatures, the PL behavior of CNPs strongly depends on the conditions used for their synthesis. © 2011 American Chemical Society.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis publication is based on work supported in part by Award No. KUS-C1-018-02 made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. It is also based on work supported in part by Torrey Pines and the Energy Materials Center at Cornell, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Award No. DE-SC0001086. M.J.K. and A.K. dedicate this Communication to Prof. Colin Booth (Manchester University) on the occasion of his 80th birthday.en
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)en
dc.titleFormation Mechanism of Carbogenic Nanoparticles with Dual Photoluminescence Emissionen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of the American Chemical Societyen
dc.contributor.institutionCornell University, Ithaca, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-C1-018-02en
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