Effects of crown ethers in nanocomposite silica-gel electrolytes on the performance of quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/598074
Title:
Effects of crown ethers in nanocomposite silica-gel electrolytes on the performance of quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells
Authors:
Huang, Kuan-Chieh; Vittal, R.; Ho, Kuo-Chuan
Abstract:
The effects of crown ethers (CEs) on the performance of quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have been investigated. Nanocomposite silica was used to form gel matrices in the electrolytes, which contained lithium iodide (LiI) and iodine (I2) in 3-methoxypropionitrile (MPN) solvent. Three types of CEs, 12-crown-4 (12-C-4), 15-crown-5 (15-C-5), and 18-crown-6 (18-C-6) were used as additives to the gel electrolytes. DSSCs containing CEs showed enhancements in solar-to-electricity conversion efficiencies (η), with reference to the one without them. The crown ether, 15-C-5, with a size of cavity matching with the size of Li+ in the electrolyte rendered for its DSSC the best performance with an η of 3.60%, under 100 mW/cm2 illumination, as compared to 2.44% for the cell without any CE. Enhancements in the photovoltaic parameters of the cells with the CEs were explained based on the binding abilities of the CEs with lithium ions (Li+) in the electrolyte. Linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) measurements and electrochemical impedance spectra were used to substantiate the explanations. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Citation:
Huang K-C, Vittal R, Ho K-C (2010) Effects of crown ethers in nanocomposite silica-gel electrolytes on the performance of quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 94: 675–679. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2009.11.002.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Issue Date:
Apr-2010
DOI:
10.1016/j.solmat.2009.11.002
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0927-0248
Sponsors:
This work was financially supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through the Global Research Partnership Centers-in-Development grant (KAUST GRP-CID). Some of the instruments used in this study were made available through the support of the National Science Council (NSC) of Taiwan, under Grant numbers NSC 96-2120-M-002-016 and NSC 97-2120-M-002-012. We also thank the National Taiwan University for providing the matching fund to this research.
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Kuan-Chiehen
dc.contributor.authorVittal, R.en
dc.contributor.authorHo, Kuo-Chuanen
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T13:12:09Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T13:12:09Zen
dc.date.issued2010-04en
dc.identifier.citationHuang K-C, Vittal R, Ho K-C (2010) Effects of crown ethers in nanocomposite silica-gel electrolytes on the performance of quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 94: 675–679. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2009.11.002.en
dc.identifier.issn0927-0248en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.solmat.2009.11.002en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/598074en
dc.description.abstractThe effects of crown ethers (CEs) on the performance of quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have been investigated. Nanocomposite silica was used to form gel matrices in the electrolytes, which contained lithium iodide (LiI) and iodine (I2) in 3-methoxypropionitrile (MPN) solvent. Three types of CEs, 12-crown-4 (12-C-4), 15-crown-5 (15-C-5), and 18-crown-6 (18-C-6) were used as additives to the gel electrolytes. DSSCs containing CEs showed enhancements in solar-to-electricity conversion efficiencies (η), with reference to the one without them. The crown ether, 15-C-5, with a size of cavity matching with the size of Li+ in the electrolyte rendered for its DSSC the best performance with an η of 3.60%, under 100 mW/cm2 illumination, as compared to 2.44% for the cell without any CE. Enhancements in the photovoltaic parameters of the cells with the CEs were explained based on the binding abilities of the CEs with lithium ions (Li+) in the electrolyte. Linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) measurements and electrochemical impedance spectra were used to substantiate the explanations. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was financially supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through the Global Research Partnership Centers-in-Development grant (KAUST GRP-CID). Some of the instruments used in this study were made available through the support of the National Science Council (NSC) of Taiwan, under Grant numbers NSC 96-2120-M-002-016 and NSC 97-2120-M-002-012. We also thank the National Taiwan University for providing the matching fund to this research.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectConductive pathwayen
dc.subjectCrown etheren
dc.subjectNanocomposite silicaen
dc.subjectQuasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cellen
dc.subjectRadius of cavityen
dc.titleEffects of crown ethers in nanocomposite silica-gel electrolytes on the performance of quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cellsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cellsen
dc.contributor.institutionNational Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwanen
All Items in KAUST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.