Draw solutions for forward osmosis processes: Developments, challenges, and prospects for the future

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/598021
Title:
Draw solutions for forward osmosis processes: Developments, challenges, and prospects for the future
Authors:
Ge, Qingchun; Ling, Mingming; Chung, Tai-Shung
Abstract:
Forward osmosis (FO) has emerged as one of potential technologies to mitigate clean water and energy shortage. Not only can it produce clean water but also energy by employing draw solutes to induce osmotic gradients across semipermeable membranes as the driving force for water production and power generation. Ideally, the semipermeable membrane performs as a barrier that allows only water to pass through but rejects all others. However, in reality, depending on draw solute's chemistry property and physical structure, the reverse flux of draw solutes may take place across FO membranes which not only results in a lower effective osmotic driving force but also facilitates fouling. In addition, the asymmetric structure of FO membranes and the transport resistance of draw solutes within the FO membranes cause concentration polarization and lower the water flux. Furthermore, the regeneration of draw solutes from diluted draw solutions and the production of clean water might be energy-intensive if inappropriate draw solutes and recycle processes are utilized. Therefore, in this work we aim to give a comprehensive review on the progress of draw solution for FO processes. An assessment on the advantages and limitations of the existing draw solutes are made. Various FO integrated processes for water production and draw solute regeneration are exemplified. We also highlight the challenges and future research directions for the molecular design of better draw solutes. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Citation:
Ge Q, Ling M, Chung T-S (2013) Draw solutions for forward osmosis processes: Developments, challenges, and prospects for the future. Journal of Membrane Science 442: 225–237. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2013.03.046.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Journal of Membrane Science
Issue Date:
Sep-2013
DOI:
10.1016/j.memsci.2013.03.046
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0376-7388
Sponsors:
We thank the financial supports from Singapore National Research Foundation under its Competitive Research Program for the project entitled, “Advanced FO Membranes and Membrane Systems for Wastewater Treatment, Water Reuse and Seawater Desalination” (grant number: R-279-000-336-281). Special thanks are due to Prof. Donald R. Paul of University of Texas (Austin), Prof. Gary Amy of KAUST and Prof. Dibakar Bhattacharyya of University of Kentucky, Dr. Kaiyu Wang and Dr Jincai Su for their valuable suggestions. Thanks are also due to the reviewers for their valuable suggestions.
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGe, Qingchunen
dc.contributor.authorLing, Mingmingen
dc.contributor.authorChung, Tai-Shungen
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T13:11:08Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T13:11:08Zen
dc.date.issued2013-09en
dc.identifier.citationGe Q, Ling M, Chung T-S (2013) Draw solutions for forward osmosis processes: Developments, challenges, and prospects for the future. Journal of Membrane Science 442: 225–237. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2013.03.046.en
dc.identifier.issn0376-7388en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.memsci.2013.03.046en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/598021en
dc.description.abstractForward osmosis (FO) has emerged as one of potential technologies to mitigate clean water and energy shortage. Not only can it produce clean water but also energy by employing draw solutes to induce osmotic gradients across semipermeable membranes as the driving force for water production and power generation. Ideally, the semipermeable membrane performs as a barrier that allows only water to pass through but rejects all others. However, in reality, depending on draw solute's chemistry property and physical structure, the reverse flux of draw solutes may take place across FO membranes which not only results in a lower effective osmotic driving force but also facilitates fouling. In addition, the asymmetric structure of FO membranes and the transport resistance of draw solutes within the FO membranes cause concentration polarization and lower the water flux. Furthermore, the regeneration of draw solutes from diluted draw solutions and the production of clean water might be energy-intensive if inappropriate draw solutes and recycle processes are utilized. Therefore, in this work we aim to give a comprehensive review on the progress of draw solution for FO processes. An assessment on the advantages and limitations of the existing draw solutes are made. Various FO integrated processes for water production and draw solute regeneration are exemplified. We also highlight the challenges and future research directions for the molecular design of better draw solutes. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank the financial supports from Singapore National Research Foundation under its Competitive Research Program for the project entitled, “Advanced FO Membranes and Membrane Systems for Wastewater Treatment, Water Reuse and Seawater Desalination” (grant number: R-279-000-336-281). Special thanks are due to Prof. Donald R. Paul of University of Texas (Austin), Prof. Gary Amy of KAUST and Prof. Dibakar Bhattacharyya of University of Kentucky, Dr. Kaiyu Wang and Dr Jincai Su for their valuable suggestions. Thanks are also due to the reviewers for their valuable suggestions.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectDraw solutesen
dc.subjectForward osmosisen
dc.subjectMagnetic nanoparticlesen
dc.subjectOsmotic poweren
dc.subjectPolyelectrolytesen
dc.subjectWater productionen
dc.titleDraw solutions for forward osmosis processes: Developments, challenges, and prospects for the futureen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Membrane Scienceen
dc.contributor.institutionNational University of Singapore, Singapore City, Singaporeen
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