Dislocations and vacancies in two-dimensional mixed crystals of spheres and dimers

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/597996
Title:
Dislocations and vacancies in two-dimensional mixed crystals of spheres and dimers
Authors:
Gerbode, Sharon J.; Ong, Desmond C.; Liddell, Chekesha M.; Cohen, Itai
Abstract:
In colloidal crystals of spheres, dislocation motion is unrestricted. On the other hand, recent studies of relaxation in crystals of colloidal dimer particles have demonstrated that the dislocation dynamics in such crystals are reminiscent of glassy systems. The observed glassy dynamics arise as a result of dislocation cages formed by certain dimer orientations. In the current study, we use experiments and simulations to investigate the transition that arises when a pure sphere crystal is doped with an increasing concentration of dimers. Specifically, we focus on both dislocation caging and vacancy motion. Interestingly, we find that any nonzero fraction of dimers introduces finite dislocation cages, suggesting that glassy dynamics are present for any mixed crystal. However, we have also identified a vacancy-mediated uncaging mechanism for releasing dislocations from their cages. This mechanism is dependent on vacancy diffusion, which slows by orders of magnitude as the dimer concentration is increased. We propose that in mixed crystals with low dimer concentrations vacancy diffusion is fast enough to uncage dislocations and delay the onset of glassy dislocation dynamics. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Citation:
Gerbode SJ, Ong DC, Liddell CM, Cohen I (2010) Dislocations and vacancies in two-dimensional mixed crystals of spheres and dimers. Phys Rev E 82. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.82.041404.
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Journal:
Physical Review E
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-C1-018-02
Issue Date:
15-Oct-2010
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevE.82.041404
PubMed ID:
21230274
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1539-3755; 1550-2376
Sponsors:
We thank Jim Sethna, Stefano Zapperi, Fernando Escobedo, Umang Agarwal, Carl Franck, Stephanie Lee, Erin Riley, and the Cohen group for helpful discussions. This research was supported in part by the Department of Energy, Basic Energy Sciences, Grant No. ER46517 (fabrication of colloidal assemblies and manipulation with optical trap) and in part by Award No. KUS-C1-018-02 from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGerbode, Sharon J.en
dc.contributor.authorOng, Desmond C.en
dc.contributor.authorLiddell, Chekesha M.en
dc.contributor.authorCohen, Itaien
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T13:10:37Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T13:10:37Zen
dc.date.issued2010-10-15en
dc.identifier.citationGerbode SJ, Ong DC, Liddell CM, Cohen I (2010) Dislocations and vacancies in two-dimensional mixed crystals of spheres and dimers. Phys Rev E 82. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.82.041404.en
dc.identifier.issn1539-3755en
dc.identifier.issn1550-2376en
dc.identifier.pmid21230274en
dc.identifier.doi10.1103/PhysRevE.82.041404en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/597996en
dc.description.abstractIn colloidal crystals of spheres, dislocation motion is unrestricted. On the other hand, recent studies of relaxation in crystals of colloidal dimer particles have demonstrated that the dislocation dynamics in such crystals are reminiscent of glassy systems. The observed glassy dynamics arise as a result of dislocation cages formed by certain dimer orientations. In the current study, we use experiments and simulations to investigate the transition that arises when a pure sphere crystal is doped with an increasing concentration of dimers. Specifically, we focus on both dislocation caging and vacancy motion. Interestingly, we find that any nonzero fraction of dimers introduces finite dislocation cages, suggesting that glassy dynamics are present for any mixed crystal. However, we have also identified a vacancy-mediated uncaging mechanism for releasing dislocations from their cages. This mechanism is dependent on vacancy diffusion, which slows by orders of magnitude as the dimer concentration is increased. We propose that in mixed crystals with low dimer concentrations vacancy diffusion is fast enough to uncage dislocations and delay the onset of glassy dislocation dynamics. © 2010 The American Physical Society.en
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank Jim Sethna, Stefano Zapperi, Fernando Escobedo, Umang Agarwal, Carl Franck, Stephanie Lee, Erin Riley, and the Cohen group for helpful discussions. This research was supported in part by the Department of Energy, Basic Energy Sciences, Grant No. ER46517 (fabrication of colloidal assemblies and manipulation with optical trap) and in part by Award No. KUS-C1-018-02 from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).en
dc.publisherAmerican Physical Society (APS)en
dc.titleDislocations and vacancies in two-dimensional mixed crystals of spheres and dimersen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalPhysical Review Een
dc.contributor.institutionCornell University, Ithaca, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionHarvard University, Cambridge, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-C1-018-02en

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