Characterizing the nano and micro structure of concrete to improve its durability

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/597762
Title:
Characterizing the nano and micro structure of concrete to improve its durability
Authors:
Monteiro, P.J.M.; Kirchheim, A.P.; Chae, S.; Fischer, P.; MacDowell, A.A.; Schaible, E.; Wenk, H.R.
Abstract:
New and advanced methodologies have been developed to characterize the nano and microstructure of cement paste and concrete exposed to aggressive environments. High resolution full-field soft X-ray imaging in the water window is providing new insight on the nano scale of the cement hydration process, which leads to a nano-optimization of cement-based systems. Hard X-ray microtomography images of ice inside cement paste and cracking caused by the alkali-silica reaction (ASR) enables three-dimensional structural identification. The potential of neutron diffraction to determine reactive aggregates by measuring their residual strains and preferred orientation is studied. Results of experiments using these tools are shown on this paper. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Citation:
Monteiro PJM, Kirchheim AP, Chae S, Fischer P, MacDowell AA, et al. (2009) Characterizing the nano and micro structure of concrete to improve its durability. Cement and Concrete Composites 31: 577–584. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2008.12.007.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Cement and Concrete Composites
Issue Date:
Sep-2009
DOI:
10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2008.12.007
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0958-9465
Sponsors:
Paulo Monteiro and Rudy Wenk acknowledge the financial support from the National Science Foundation Grant 062464 and from KAUST. Ana Paula Kirchheim acknowledge the financial support of CAPES (Fundação Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior – Ministério da Educação – Brasil). The soft X-ray microscope and the Advanced Light Source are supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. The authors would like to thank Cruz Carlos and Roula Rbeiz for their assistance in the ASTM-1260 preparation and testing.
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMonteiro, P.J.M.en
dc.contributor.authorKirchheim, A.P.en
dc.contributor.authorChae, S.en
dc.contributor.authorFischer, P.en
dc.contributor.authorMacDowell, A.A.en
dc.contributor.authorSchaible, E.en
dc.contributor.authorWenk, H.R.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T12:56:16Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T12:56:16Zen
dc.date.issued2009-09en
dc.identifier.citationMonteiro PJM, Kirchheim AP, Chae S, Fischer P, MacDowell AA, et al. (2009) Characterizing the nano and micro structure of concrete to improve its durability. Cement and Concrete Composites 31: 577–584. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2008.12.007.en
dc.identifier.issn0958-9465en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2008.12.007en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/597762en
dc.description.abstractNew and advanced methodologies have been developed to characterize the nano and microstructure of cement paste and concrete exposed to aggressive environments. High resolution full-field soft X-ray imaging in the water window is providing new insight on the nano scale of the cement hydration process, which leads to a nano-optimization of cement-based systems. Hard X-ray microtomography images of ice inside cement paste and cracking caused by the alkali-silica reaction (ASR) enables three-dimensional structural identification. The potential of neutron diffraction to determine reactive aggregates by measuring their residual strains and preferred orientation is studied. Results of experiments using these tools are shown on this paper. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en
dc.description.sponsorshipPaulo Monteiro and Rudy Wenk acknowledge the financial support from the National Science Foundation Grant 062464 and from KAUST. Ana Paula Kirchheim acknowledge the financial support of CAPES (Fundação Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior – Ministério da Educação – Brasil). The soft X-ray microscope and the Advanced Light Source are supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. The authors would like to thank Cruz Carlos and Roula Rbeiz for their assistance in the ASTM-1260 preparation and testing.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectConcreteen
dc.subjectDurabilityen
dc.subjectMicroscopyen
dc.subjectNeutronen
dc.subjectTomographyen
dc.subjectX-rayen
dc.titleCharacterizing the nano and micro structure of concrete to improve its durabilityen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalCement and Concrete Compositesen
dc.contributor.institutionUC Berkeley, Berkeley, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, United Statesen
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