Change in microbial communities in acetate- and glucose-fed microbial fuel cells in the presence of light

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/597750
Title:
Change in microbial communities in acetate- and glucose-fed microbial fuel cells in the presence of light
Authors:
Xing, Defeng; Cheng, Shaoan; Regan, John M.; Logan, Bruce E.
Abstract:
Power densities produced by microbial fuel cells (MFCs) in natural systems are changed by exposure to light through the enrichment of photosynthetic microorganisms. When MFCs with brush anodes were exposed to light (4000 lx), power densities increased by 8-10% for glucose-fed reactors, and 34% for acetate-fed reactors. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) profiles based on the 16S rRNA gene showed that exposure to high light levels changed the microbial communities on the anodes. Based on 16S rRNA gene clone libraries of light-exposed systems the anode communities using glucose were also significantly different than those fed acetate. Dominant bacteria that are known exoelectrogens were identified in the anode biofilm, including a purple nonsulfur (PNS) photosynthetic bacterium, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, and a dissimilatory iron-reducing bacterium, Geobacter sulfurreducens. Pure culture tests confirmed that PNS photosynthetic bacteria increased power production when exposed to high light intensities (4000 lx). These results demonstrate that power production and community composition are affected by light conditions as well as electron donors in single-chamber air-cathode MFCs. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Citation:
Xing D, Cheng S, Regan JM, Logan BE (2009) Change in microbial communities in acetate- and glucose-fed microbial fuel cells in the presence of light. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 25: 105–111. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2009.06.013.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Biosensors and Bioelectronics
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-11-003-13
Issue Date:
Sep-2009
DOI:
10.1016/j.bios.2009.06.013
PubMed ID:
19574034
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0956-5663
Sponsors:
This research was funded by a grant from the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research, and Award KUS-11-003-13 by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
Appears in Collections:
Publications Acknowledging KAUST Support

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorXing, Defengen
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Shaoanen
dc.contributor.authorRegan, John M.en
dc.contributor.authorLogan, Bruce E.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T12:56:03Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T12:56:03Zen
dc.date.issued2009-09en
dc.identifier.citationXing D, Cheng S, Regan JM, Logan BE (2009) Change in microbial communities in acetate- and glucose-fed microbial fuel cells in the presence of light. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 25: 105–111. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2009.06.013.en
dc.identifier.issn0956-5663en
dc.identifier.pmid19574034en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.bios.2009.06.013en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/597750en
dc.description.abstractPower densities produced by microbial fuel cells (MFCs) in natural systems are changed by exposure to light through the enrichment of photosynthetic microorganisms. When MFCs with brush anodes were exposed to light (4000 lx), power densities increased by 8-10% for glucose-fed reactors, and 34% for acetate-fed reactors. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) profiles based on the 16S rRNA gene showed that exposure to high light levels changed the microbial communities on the anodes. Based on 16S rRNA gene clone libraries of light-exposed systems the anode communities using glucose were also significantly different than those fed acetate. Dominant bacteria that are known exoelectrogens were identified in the anode biofilm, including a purple nonsulfur (PNS) photosynthetic bacterium, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, and a dissimilatory iron-reducing bacterium, Geobacter sulfurreducens. Pure culture tests confirmed that PNS photosynthetic bacteria increased power production when exposed to high light intensities (4000 lx). These results demonstrate that power production and community composition are affected by light conditions as well as electron donors in single-chamber air-cathode MFCs. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by a grant from the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research, and Award KUS-11-003-13 by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectElectricity generationen
dc.subjectMicrobial communityen
dc.subjectMicrobial fuel cellen
dc.subjectPhotosynthetic bacteriaen
dc.subjectPhotosynthetic purple nonsulfur bacteriaen
dc.titleChange in microbial communities in acetate- and glucose-fed microbial fuel cells in the presence of lighten
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalBiosensors and Bioelectronicsen
dc.contributor.institutionPennsylvania State University, State College, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-11-003-13en

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