Application of simplified models to CO2 migration and immobilization in large-scale geological systems

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/597595
Title:
Application of simplified models to CO2 migration and immobilization in large-scale geological systems
Authors:
Gasda, Sarah E.; Nordbotten, Jan M.; Celia, Michael A.
Abstract:
Long-term stabilization of injected carbon dioxide (CO 2) is an essential component of risk management for geological carbon sequestration operations. However, migration and trapping phenomena are inherently complex, involving processes that act over multiple spatial and temporal scales. One example involves centimeter-scale density instabilities in the dissolved CO 2 region leading to large-scale convective mixing that can be a significant driver for CO 2 dissolution. Another example is the potentially important effect of capillary forces, in addition to buoyancy and viscous forces, on the evolution of mobile CO 2. Local capillary effects lead to a capillary transition zone, or capillary fringe, where both fluids are present in the mobile state. This small-scale effect may have a significant impact on large-scale plume migration as well as long-term residual and dissolution trapping. Computational models that can capture both large and small-scale effects are essential to predict the role of these processes on the long-term storage security of CO 2 sequestration operations. Conventional modeling tools are unable to resolve sufficiently all of these relevant processes when modeling CO 2 migration in large-scale geological systems. Herein, we present a vertically-integrated approach to CO 2 modeling that employs upscaled representations of these subgrid processes. We apply the model to the Johansen formation, a prospective site for sequestration of Norwegian CO 2 emissions, and explore the sensitivity of CO 2 migration and trapping to subscale physics. Model results show the relative importance of different physical processes in large-scale simulations. The ability of models such as this to capture the relevant physical processes at large spatial and temporal scales is important for prediction and analysis of CO 2 storage sites. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Citation:
Gasda SE, Nordbotten JM, Celia MA (2012) Application of simplified models to CO2 migration and immobilization in large-scale geological systems. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 9: 72–84. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.03.001.
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Issue Date:
Jul-2012
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.03.001
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1750-5836
Sponsors:
S.E. Gasda was supported by a research fellowship from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant EAR-0934722; the Environmental ProtectionAgency under Cooperative Agreement RD-83438501; the Department of Energy under Award No. DE-FE0001161, CFDA No. 81,089; and the Carbon Mitigation Initiative at Princeton University.
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGasda, Sarah E.en
dc.contributor.authorNordbotten, Jan M.en
dc.contributor.authorCelia, Michael A.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T12:42:45Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T12:42:45Zen
dc.date.issued2012-07en
dc.identifier.citationGasda SE, Nordbotten JM, Celia MA (2012) Application of simplified models to CO2 migration and immobilization in large-scale geological systems. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 9: 72–84. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.03.001.en
dc.identifier.issn1750-5836en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.03.001en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/597595en
dc.description.abstractLong-term stabilization of injected carbon dioxide (CO 2) is an essential component of risk management for geological carbon sequestration operations. However, migration and trapping phenomena are inherently complex, involving processes that act over multiple spatial and temporal scales. One example involves centimeter-scale density instabilities in the dissolved CO 2 region leading to large-scale convective mixing that can be a significant driver for CO 2 dissolution. Another example is the potentially important effect of capillary forces, in addition to buoyancy and viscous forces, on the evolution of mobile CO 2. Local capillary effects lead to a capillary transition zone, or capillary fringe, where both fluids are present in the mobile state. This small-scale effect may have a significant impact on large-scale plume migration as well as long-term residual and dissolution trapping. Computational models that can capture both large and small-scale effects are essential to predict the role of these processes on the long-term storage security of CO 2 sequestration operations. Conventional modeling tools are unable to resolve sufficiently all of these relevant processes when modeling CO 2 migration in large-scale geological systems. Herein, we present a vertically-integrated approach to CO 2 modeling that employs upscaled representations of these subgrid processes. We apply the model to the Johansen formation, a prospective site for sequestration of Norwegian CO 2 emissions, and explore the sensitivity of CO 2 migration and trapping to subscale physics. Model results show the relative importance of different physical processes in large-scale simulations. The ability of models such as this to capture the relevant physical processes at large spatial and temporal scales is important for prediction and analysis of CO 2 storage sites. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.en
dc.description.sponsorshipS.E. Gasda was supported by a research fellowship from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant EAR-0934722; the Environmental ProtectionAgency under Cooperative Agreement RD-83438501; the Department of Energy under Award No. DE-FE0001161, CFDA No. 81,089; and the Carbon Mitigation Initiative at Princeton University.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectCapillary trappingen
dc.subjectCO 2 immobilizationen
dc.subjectConvective-mixingen
dc.subjectLong-term storage securityen
dc.subjectSolubility trappingen
dc.subjectVertically integrated modelsen
dc.titleApplication of simplified models to CO2 migration and immobilization in large-scale geological systemsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Controlen
dc.contributor.institutionThe University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversitetet i Bergen, Bergen, Norwayen
dc.contributor.institutionPrinceton University, Princeton, United Statesen
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