A test for stationarity of spatio-temporal random fields on planar and spherical domains

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/597422
Title:
A test for stationarity of spatio-temporal random fields on planar and spherical domains
Authors:
Jun, Mikyoung; Genton, Marc G.
Abstract:
A formal test for weak stationarity of spatial and spatio-temporal random fields is proposed. We consider the cases where the spatial domain is planar or spherical, and we do not require distributional assumptions for the random fields. The method can be applied to univariate or to multivariate random fields. Our test is based on the asymptotic normality of certain statistics that are functions of estimators of covariances at certain spatial and temporal lags under weak stationarity. Simulation results for spatial as well as spatio-temporal cases on the two types of spatial domains are reported. We describe the results of testing the stationarity of Pacific wind data, and of testing the axial symmetry of climate model errors for surface temperature using the NOAA GFDL model outputs and the observations from the Climate Research Unit in East Anglia and the Hadley Centre.
Citation:
Jun M, Genton MG (2012) A test for stationarity of spatio-temporal random fields on planar and spherical domains. STAT SINICA. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.5705/ss.2010.251.
Publisher:
Institute of Statistical Science
Journal:
Statistica Sinica
KAUST Grant Number:
KUS-C1-016-04
Issue Date:
2012
DOI:
10.5705/ss.2010.251
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1017-0405
Sponsors:
The authors acknowledge support from NSF grant ATM-0620624. Mikyoung Jun's research is also supported by NSF grant DMS-0906532. Marc Genton's research is also supported by NSF grant DMS-1007504. This research is partially supported by Award No. KUS-C1-016-04, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors acknowledge the modeling groups for making their simulations available for analysis, the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) for collecting and archiving the CMIP3 model output, and the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)'s Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) for organizing the model data analysis activity. The WCRP CMIP3 multi-model dataset is supported by the Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy. The authors thank Nikolay Bliznyuk, Suhasini Subba Rao, an associate editor, and two anonymous referees for their valuable comments that helped to improve the manuscript.
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorJun, Mikyoungen
dc.contributor.authorGenton, Marc G.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-25T12:32:55Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-25T12:32:55Zen
dc.date.issued2012en
dc.identifier.citationJun M, Genton MG (2012) A test for stationarity of spatio-temporal random fields on planar and spherical domains. STAT SINICA. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.5705/ss.2010.251.en
dc.identifier.issn1017-0405en
dc.identifier.doi10.5705/ss.2010.251en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/597422en
dc.description.abstractA formal test for weak stationarity of spatial and spatio-temporal random fields is proposed. We consider the cases where the spatial domain is planar or spherical, and we do not require distributional assumptions for the random fields. The method can be applied to univariate or to multivariate random fields. Our test is based on the asymptotic normality of certain statistics that are functions of estimators of covariances at certain spatial and temporal lags under weak stationarity. Simulation results for spatial as well as spatio-temporal cases on the two types of spatial domains are reported. We describe the results of testing the stationarity of Pacific wind data, and of testing the axial symmetry of climate model errors for surface temperature using the NOAA GFDL model outputs and the observations from the Climate Research Unit in East Anglia and the Hadley Centre.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors acknowledge support from NSF grant ATM-0620624. Mikyoung Jun's research is also supported by NSF grant DMS-0906532. Marc Genton's research is also supported by NSF grant DMS-1007504. This research is partially supported by Award No. KUS-C1-016-04, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors acknowledge the modeling groups for making their simulations available for analysis, the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) for collecting and archiving the CMIP3 model output, and the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)'s Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM) for organizing the model data analysis activity. The WCRP CMIP3 multi-model dataset is supported by the Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy. The authors thank Nikolay Bliznyuk, Suhasini Subba Rao, an associate editor, and two anonymous referees for their valuable comments that helped to improve the manuscript.en
dc.publisherInstitute of Statistical Scienceen
dc.subjectAsymptotic normalityen
dc.subjectAxial symmetryen
dc.subjectClimate model outputen
dc.subjectIncreasing domain asymptoticsen
dc.subjectInferenceen
dc.subjectPacific wind dataen
dc.subjectStationarityen
dc.titleA test for stationarity of spatio-temporal random fields on planar and spherical domainsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalStatistica Sinicaen
dc.contributor.institutionTexas A and M University, College Station, United Statesen
kaust.grant.numberKUS-C1-016-04en
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