Temperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production in the European Arctic Ocean

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/596052
Title:
Temperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production in the European Arctic Ocean
Authors:
Holding, J. M.; Duarte, Carlos M. ( 0000-0002-1213-1361 ) ; Sanz-Martín, M.; Mesa, E.; Arrieta, Jesus ( 0000-0002-0190-6950 ) ; Chierici, M.; Hendriks, I. E.; García-Corral, L. S.; Regaudie-de-Gioux, A.; Delgado, A.; Reigstad, M.; Wassmann, P.; Agusti, Susana ( 0000-0003-0536-7293 )
Abstract:
The Arctic Ocean is warming at two to three times the global rate1 and is perceived to be a bellwether for ocean acidification2, 3. Increased CO2 concentrations are expected to have a fertilization effect on marine autotrophs4, and higher temperatures should lead to increased rates of planktonic primary production5. Yet, simultaneous assessment of warming and increased CO2 on primary production in the Arctic has not been conducted. Here we test the expectation that CO2-enhanced gross primary production (GPP) may be temperature dependent, using data from several oceanographic cruises and experiments from both spring and summer in the European sector of the Arctic Ocean. Results confirm that CO2 enhances GPP (by a factor of up to ten) over a range of 145–2,099 μatm; however, the greatest effects are observed only at lower temperatures and are constrained by nutrient and light availability to the spring period. The temperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production has significant implications for metabolic balance in a warmer, CO2-enriched Arctic Ocean in the future. In particular, it indicates that a twofold increase in primary production during the spring is likely in the Arctic.
KAUST Department:
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Citation:
Temperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production in the European Arctic Ocean 2015, 5 (12):1079 Nature Climate Change
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Journal:
Nature Climate change
Issue Date:
31-Aug-2015
DOI:
10.1038/nclimate2768
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1758-678X; 1758-6798
Is Supplemented By:
Holding, J., Duarte, C. M., Sanz-Martín, M., Mesa, E., Arrieta, J. M., Chierici, M., … Agustí, S. (2016). Temperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production in the European Arctic Ocean, supplement to: Holding, Johnna; Duarte, Carlos M; Sanz-Martín, Marina; Mesa, E; Arrieta, J M; Chierici, Melissa; Hendriks, Iris; García-Corral, L S; Regaudie-de-Gioux, A; Delgado, A; Reigstad, M; Wassmann, P; Agustí, Susana (2015): Temperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production in the European Arctic Ocean. Nature Climate Change, 5(12), 1079-1082 [Data set]. PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.860530; DOI:10.1594/PANGAEA.860530; HANDLE:http://hdl.handle.net/10754/624160
Additional Links:
http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nclimate2768
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHolding, J. M.en
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
dc.contributor.authorSanz-Martín, M.en
dc.contributor.authorMesa, E.en
dc.contributor.authorArrieta, Jesusen
dc.contributor.authorChierici, M.en
dc.contributor.authorHendriks, I. E.en
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Corral, L. S.en
dc.contributor.authorRegaudie-de-Gioux, A.en
dc.contributor.authorDelgado, A.en
dc.contributor.authorReigstad, M.en
dc.contributor.authorWassmann, P.en
dc.contributor.authorAgusti, Susanaen
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-11T13:28:05Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-11T13:28:05Zen
dc.date.issued2015-08-31en
dc.identifier.citationTemperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production in the European Arctic Ocean 2015, 5 (12):1079 Nature Climate Changeen
dc.identifier.issn1758-678Xen
dc.identifier.issn1758-6798en
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/nclimate2768en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/596052en
dc.description.abstractThe Arctic Ocean is warming at two to three times the global rate1 and is perceived to be a bellwether for ocean acidification2, 3. Increased CO2 concentrations are expected to have a fertilization effect on marine autotrophs4, and higher temperatures should lead to increased rates of planktonic primary production5. Yet, simultaneous assessment of warming and increased CO2 on primary production in the Arctic has not been conducted. Here we test the expectation that CO2-enhanced gross primary production (GPP) may be temperature dependent, using data from several oceanographic cruises and experiments from both spring and summer in the European sector of the Arctic Ocean. Results confirm that CO2 enhances GPP (by a factor of up to ten) over a range of 145–2,099 μatm; however, the greatest effects are observed only at lower temperatures and are constrained by nutrient and light availability to the spring period. The temperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production has significant implications for metabolic balance in a warmer, CO2-enriched Arctic Ocean in the future. In particular, it indicates that a twofold increase in primary production during the spring is likely in the Arctic.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nclimate2768en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Nature Climate Changeen
dc.titleTemperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production in the European Arctic Oceanen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.identifier.journalNature Climate changeen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Global Change Research, IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB) Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados, 07190 Esporles, Mallorca, Spainen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Arctic and Marine Biology, University of Tromsø the Arctic University of Norway (UiT), 9037 Tromsø, Norwayen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartamento de Geologia Dinàmica, Geofísica i Paleontologia, Facultat de Geologia, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spainen
dc.contributor.institutionLaboratorio de Biogeoquímica de Isótopos Estables, Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra (CSIC-Univ. Granada), 18100 Armilla, Granada, Spainen
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Marine Research, FRAM-High North Research Centre for Climate and Environment, 9296 Tromsø, Norwayen
dc.contributor.institutionThe UWA Oceans Institute, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australiaen
dc.contributor.institutionCentro de Biologia Marinha da Universidade de São Paulo, Praia do Cabelo Gordo, São Sebastião, São Paulo CEP 11600-000, Brazilen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
kaust.authorArrieta, Jesusen
kaust.authorAgusti, Susanaen
dc.relation.isSupplementedByHolding, J., Duarte, C. M., Sanz-Martín, M., Mesa, E., Arrieta, J. M., Chierici, M., … Agustí, S. (2016). Temperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production in the European Arctic Ocean, supplement to: Holding, Johnna; Duarte, Carlos M; Sanz-Martín, Marina; Mesa, E; Arrieta, J M; Chierici, Melissa; Hendriks, Iris; García-Corral, L S; Regaudie-de-Gioux, A; Delgado, A; Reigstad, M; Wassmann, P; Agustí, Susana (2015): Temperature dependence of CO2-enhanced primary production in the European Arctic Ocean. Nature Climate Change, 5(12), 1079-1082 [Data set]. PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.860530en
dc.relation.isSupplementedByDOI:10.1594/PANGAEA.860530en
dc.relation.isSupplementedByHANDLE:http://hdl.handle.net/10754/624160en
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