Development of Low-Cost DDGS-Based Activated Carbons and Their Applications in Environmental Remediation and High-Performance Electrodes for Supercapacitors

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/594084
Title:
Development of Low-Cost DDGS-Based Activated Carbons and Their Applications in Environmental Remediation and High-Performance Electrodes for Supercapacitors
Authors:
Wang, Yong; Zhou, Jian ( 0000-0003-0144-5901 ) ; Jiang, Long; Ulven, Chad; Lubineau, Gilles ( 0000-0002-7370-6093 ) ; Liu, Guodong; Xiao, Jianchao
Abstract:
Abstract: A one-step, facile method to produce 3-dimensional porous activated carbons (ACs) from corn residual dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) by microwave-assisted chemical activation was developed. The ACs’ application potentials in dye removal and supercapacitor electrodes were also demonstrated. The porous structure and surface properties of the ACs were characterized by N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the surface area of the as-prepared ACs was up to 1000 m2/g. In the dye removal tests, these DDGS-based ACs exhibited a maximum adsorption ratio of 477 mg/g on methylene blue. In electric double layer capacitors, electrochemical tests indicated that the ACs had ideal capacitive and reversible behaviors and exhibited excellent electrochemical performance. The specific capacitance varied between 120 and 210 F/g under different scan rates and current densities. In addition, the capacitors showed excellent stability even after one thousand charge–discharge cycles. The specific capacitance was further increased up to 300 F/g by in situ synthesis of MnO2 particles in the ACs to induce pseudo-capacitance. This research showed that the DDGS-based ACs had great potentials in environmental remediation and energy storage applications. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York
KAUST Department:
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Citation:
Wang Y, Zhou J, Jiang L, Ulven C, Lubineau G, et al. (2015) Development of Low-Cost DDGS-Based Activated Carbons and Their Applications in Environmental Remediation and High-Performance Electrodes for Supercapacitors. J Polym Environ 23: 595–605. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10924-015-0741-8.
Publisher:
Springer Science + Business Media
Journal:
Journal of Polymers and the Environment
Issue Date:
28-Aug-2015
DOI:
10.1007/s10924-015-0741-8
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1566-2543; 1572-8900
Sponsors:
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology; North Dakota corn council
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWang, Yongen
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Jianen
dc.contributor.authorJiang, Longen
dc.contributor.authorUlven, Chaden
dc.contributor.authorLubineau, Gillesen
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Guodongen
dc.contributor.authorXiao, Jianchaoen
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-19T13:21:13Zen
dc.date.available2016-01-19T13:21:13Zen
dc.date.issued2015-08-28en
dc.identifier.citationWang Y, Zhou J, Jiang L, Ulven C, Lubineau G, et al. (2015) Development of Low-Cost DDGS-Based Activated Carbons and Their Applications in Environmental Remediation and High-Performance Electrodes for Supercapacitors. J Polym Environ 23: 595–605. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10924-015-0741-8.en
dc.identifier.issn1566-2543en
dc.identifier.issn1572-8900en
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10924-015-0741-8en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/594084en
dc.description.abstractAbstract: A one-step, facile method to produce 3-dimensional porous activated carbons (ACs) from corn residual dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) by microwave-assisted chemical activation was developed. The ACs’ application potentials in dye removal and supercapacitor electrodes were also demonstrated. The porous structure and surface properties of the ACs were characterized by N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the surface area of the as-prepared ACs was up to 1000 m2/g. In the dye removal tests, these DDGS-based ACs exhibited a maximum adsorption ratio of 477 mg/g on methylene blue. In electric double layer capacitors, electrochemical tests indicated that the ACs had ideal capacitive and reversible behaviors and exhibited excellent electrochemical performance. The specific capacitance varied between 120 and 210 F/g under different scan rates and current densities. In addition, the capacitors showed excellent stability even after one thousand charge–discharge cycles. The specific capacitance was further increased up to 300 F/g by in situ synthesis of MnO2 particles in the ACs to induce pseudo-capacitance. This research showed that the DDGS-based ACs had great potentials in environmental remediation and energy storage applications. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New Yorken
dc.description.sponsorshipKing Abdullah University of Science and Technologyen
dc.description.sponsorshipNorth Dakota corn councilen
dc.publisherSpringer Science + Business Mediaen
dc.subjectActivated carbonen
dc.subjectAdsorptionen
dc.subjectBiomassen
dc.subjectDDGSen
dc.subjectElectrodesen
dc.subjectEnergy storageen
dc.subjectSupercapacitorsen
dc.titleDevelopment of Low-Cost DDGS-Based Activated Carbons and Their Applications in Environmental Remediation and High-Performance Electrodes for Supercapacitorsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Polymers and the Environmenten
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionProgram of Materials and Nanotechnology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, United Statesen
kaust.authorZhou, Jianen
kaust.authorLubineau, Gillesen
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