A review of contemporary patterns of endemism for shallow water reef fauna in the Red Sea

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/583300
Title:
A review of contemporary patterns of endemism for shallow water reef fauna in the Red Sea
Authors:
DiBattista, Joseph ( 0000-0002-5696-7574 ) ; Roberts, May B. ( 0000-0001-6882-4266 ) ; Bouwmeester, Jessica ( 0000-0002-9221-537X ) ; Bowen, Brian W.; Coker, Darren James; Lozano-Cortes, Diego ( 0000-0002-7046-7955 ) ; Howard Choat, J.; Gaither, Michelle R.; Hobbs, Jean-Paul A.; Khalil, Maha T. ( 0000-0001-6672-523X ) ; Kochzius, Marc; Myers, Robert F.; Paulay, Gustav; Robitzch, Vanessa S.N.; Saenz Agudelo, Pablo; Salas, Eva; Sinclair-Taylor, Tane; Toonen, Robert J.; Westneat, Mark W.; Williams, Suzanne T.; Berumen, Michael L. ( 0000-0003-2463-2742 )
Abstract:
Aim The Red Sea is characterised by a unique fauna and historical periods of desiccation, hypersalinity and intermittent isolation. The origin and contemporary composition of reef-associated taxa in this region can illuminate biogeographical principles about vicariance and the establishment (or local extirpation) of existing species. Here we aim to: (1) outline the distribution of shallow water fauna between the Red Sea and adjacent regions, (2) explore mechanisms for maintaining these distributions and (3) propose hypotheses to test these mechanisms. Location Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Arabian Gulf and Indian Ocean. Methods Updated checklists for scleractinian corals, fishes and non-coral invertebrates were used to determine species richness in the Red Sea and the rest of the Arabian Peninsula and assess levels of endemism. Fine-scale diversity and abundance of reef fishes within the Red Sea were explored using ecological survey data. Results Within the Red Sea, we recorded 346 zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate scleractinian coral species of which 19 are endemic (5.5%). Currently 635 species of polychaetes, 211 echinoderms and 79 ascidians have been documented, with endemism rates of 12.6%, 8.1% and 16.5% respectively. A preliminary compilation of 231 species of crustaceans and 137 species of molluscs include 10.0% and 6.6% endemism respectively. We documented 1071 shallow fish species, with 12.9% endemic in the entire Red Sea and 14.1% endemic in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Based on ecological survey data of endemic fishes, there were no major changes in species richness or abundance across 1100 km of Saudi Arabian coastline. Main conclusions The Red Sea biota appears resilient to major environmental fluctuations and is characterized by high rates of endemism with variable degrees of incursion into the Gulf of Aden. The nearby Omani and Arabian Gulfs also have variable environments and high levels of endemism, but these are not consistently distinct across taxa. The presence of physical barriers does not appear to explain species distributions, which are more likely determined by ecological plasticity and genetic diversity.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Citation:
A review of contemporary patterns of endemism for shallow water reef fauna in the Red Sea 2015:n/a Journal of Biogeography
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Journal:
Journal of Biogeography
Issue Date:
3-Nov-2015
DOI:
10.1111/jbi.12649
Type:
Article
ISSN:
03050270
Additional Links:
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jbi.12649
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorDiBattista, Josephen
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, May B.en
dc.contributor.authorBouwmeester, Jessicaen
dc.contributor.authorBowen, Brian W.en
dc.contributor.authorCoker, Darren Jamesen
dc.contributor.authorLozano-Cortes, Diegoen
dc.contributor.authorHoward Choat, J.en
dc.contributor.authorGaither, Michelle R.en
dc.contributor.authorHobbs, Jean-Paul A.en
dc.contributor.authorKhalil, Maha T.en
dc.contributor.authorKochzius, Marcen
dc.contributor.authorMyers, Robert F.en
dc.contributor.authorPaulay, Gustaven
dc.contributor.authorRobitzch, Vanessa S.N.en
dc.contributor.authorSaenz Agudelo, Pabloen
dc.contributor.authorSalas, Evaen
dc.contributor.authorSinclair-Taylor, Taneen
dc.contributor.authorToonen, Robert J.en
dc.contributor.authorWestneat, Mark W.en
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Suzanne T.en
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-07T09:47:48Zen
dc.date.available2015-12-07T09:47:48Zen
dc.date.issued2015-11-03en
dc.identifier.citationA review of contemporary patterns of endemism for shallow water reef fauna in the Red Sea 2015:n/a Journal of Biogeographyen
dc.identifier.issn03050270en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/jbi.12649en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/583300en
dc.description.abstractAim The Red Sea is characterised by a unique fauna and historical periods of desiccation, hypersalinity and intermittent isolation. The origin and contemporary composition of reef-associated taxa in this region can illuminate biogeographical principles about vicariance and the establishment (or local extirpation) of existing species. Here we aim to: (1) outline the distribution of shallow water fauna between the Red Sea and adjacent regions, (2) explore mechanisms for maintaining these distributions and (3) propose hypotheses to test these mechanisms. Location Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Arabian Gulf and Indian Ocean. Methods Updated checklists for scleractinian corals, fishes and non-coral invertebrates were used to determine species richness in the Red Sea and the rest of the Arabian Peninsula and assess levels of endemism. Fine-scale diversity and abundance of reef fishes within the Red Sea were explored using ecological survey data. Results Within the Red Sea, we recorded 346 zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate scleractinian coral species of which 19 are endemic (5.5%). Currently 635 species of polychaetes, 211 echinoderms and 79 ascidians have been documented, with endemism rates of 12.6%, 8.1% and 16.5% respectively. A preliminary compilation of 231 species of crustaceans and 137 species of molluscs include 10.0% and 6.6% endemism respectively. We documented 1071 shallow fish species, with 12.9% endemic in the entire Red Sea and 14.1% endemic in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Based on ecological survey data of endemic fishes, there were no major changes in species richness or abundance across 1100 km of Saudi Arabian coastline. Main conclusions The Red Sea biota appears resilient to major environmental fluctuations and is characterized by high rates of endemism with variable degrees of incursion into the Gulf of Aden. The nearby Omani and Arabian Gulfs also have variable environments and high levels of endemism, but these are not consistently distinct across taxa. The presence of physical barriers does not appear to explain species distributions, which are more likely determined by ecological plasticity and genetic diversity.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jbi.12649en
dc.rightsThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: DiBattista, J. D., Roberts, M. B., Bouwmeester, J., Bowen, B. W., Coker, D. J., Lozano-Cortés, D. F., Howard Choat, J., Gaither, M. R., Hobbs, J.-P. A., Khalil, M. T., Kochzius, M., Myers, R. F., Paulay, G., Robitzch, V. S. N., Saenz-Agudelo, P., Salas, E., Sinclair-Taylor, T. H., Toonen, R. J., Westneat, M. W., Williams, S. T. and Berumen, M. L. (2015), A review of contemporary patterns of endemism for shallow water reef fauna in the Red Sea. Journal of Biogeography., which has been published in final form at http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jbi.12649. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.en
dc.subjectArabian Peninsulaen
dc.subjectbiodiversityen
dc.subjectbiogeographical barriersen
dc.subjectcentre of endemismen
dc.subjectcoral reefen
dc.subjectecological processesen
dc.subjectfaunal checklisten
dc.subjectmarine biogeographyen
dc.titleA review of contemporary patterns of endemism for shallow water reef fauna in the Red Seaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Biogeographyen
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
dc.contributor.institutionHawai'i Institute of Marine Biology; Kāne'ohe HI 96744 USAen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Marine and Tropical Biology; James Cook University; Townsville Qld 4811 Australiaen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Biological and Biomedical Sciences; Durham University; Durham DH1 3LE UKen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Environment and Agriculture; Curtin University; Perth WA 6845 Australiaen
dc.contributor.institutionMarine Biology; Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB); Brussels 1050 Belgiumen
dc.contributor.institutionSeaclicks/Coral Graphics; Wellington FL 33411 USAen
dc.contributor.institutionFlorida Museum of Natural History; University of Florida; Gainesville FL 32611-7800 USAen
dc.contributor.institutionSection of Ichthyology; California Academy of Sciences; San Francisco CA 94118 USAen
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto de Ciencias Ambientales y Evolutivas, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia , Chileen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Organismal Biology and Anatomy; University of Chicago; Chicago IL 60637 USAen
dc.contributor.institutionLife Sciences Department; Natural History Museum; London SW7 5BD UKen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Geology and Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USAen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USAen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorDiBattista, Josephen
kaust.authorRoberts, May B.en
kaust.authorBouwmeester, Jessicaen
kaust.authorCoker, Darren Jamesen
kaust.authorLozano-Cortes, Diegoen
kaust.authorKhalil, Maha T.en
kaust.authorRobitzch, Vanessa S.N.en
kaust.authorSaenz Agudelo, Pabloen
kaust.authorSinclair-Taylor, Taneen
kaust.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
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