Footprints of climate change on Mediterranean Sea biota

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/575918
Title:
Footprints of climate change on Mediterranean Sea biota
Authors:
Marbà, Núria; Jordà, Gabriel; Agusti, Susana ( 0000-0003-0536-7293 ) ; Girard, Coraline; Duarte, Carlos M. ( 0000-0002-1213-1361 )
Abstract:
The Mediterranean Sea ranks among the ocean regions warming fastest. There is evidence for impacts of climate change on marine Mediterranean organisms but a quantitative assessment is lacking. We compiled the impacts of warming reported in the literature to provide a quantitative assessment for the Mediterranean Sea. During the last three decades the summer surface temperature has increased 1.15°C. Strong heat wave events have occurred in years 1994, 2003, and 2009. Impacts of warming are evident on growth, survival, fertility, migration and phenology of pelagic and benthic organisms, from phytoplankton to marine vegetation, invertebrates and vertebrates. Overall, 50% of biological impacts in the Mediterranean Sea occur at summer surface temperature anomaly ≤ 4.5°C and at summer surface temperature of 27.5°C. The activation energy (geometric mean 1.58 ± 0.48 eV), the slope of the Arrhenius equation describing the temperature-dependence of biological processes, for the response of Mediterranean marine biota to warming reveals that these responses in the Mediterranean are far steepest than possibly explained by the direct effect of warming alone. The observations are biased toward the northern and western sectors of the basin, likely underestimating the impacts of warming in areas where warming is particularly intense.
KAUST Department:
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Citation:
Footprints of climate change on Mediterranean Sea biota 2015, 2 Frontiers in Marine Science
Publisher:
Frontiers Media SA
Journal:
Frontiers in Marine Science
Issue Date:
13-Aug-2015
DOI:
10.3389/fmars.2015.00056
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2296-7745
Additional Links:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmars.2015.00056
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMarbà, Núriaen
dc.contributor.authorJordà, Gabrielen
dc.contributor.authorAgusti, Susanaen
dc.contributor.authorGirard, Coralineen
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-25T07:55:38Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-25T07:55:38Zen
dc.date.issued2015-08-13en
dc.identifier.citationFootprints of climate change on Mediterranean Sea biota 2015, 2 Frontiers in Marine Scienceen
dc.identifier.issn2296-7745en
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2015.00056en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/575918en
dc.description.abstractThe Mediterranean Sea ranks among the ocean regions warming fastest. There is evidence for impacts of climate change on marine Mediterranean organisms but a quantitative assessment is lacking. We compiled the impacts of warming reported in the literature to provide a quantitative assessment for the Mediterranean Sea. During the last three decades the summer surface temperature has increased 1.15°C. Strong heat wave events have occurred in years 1994, 2003, and 2009. Impacts of warming are evident on growth, survival, fertility, migration and phenology of pelagic and benthic organisms, from phytoplankton to marine vegetation, invertebrates and vertebrates. Overall, 50% of biological impacts in the Mediterranean Sea occur at summer surface temperature anomaly ≤ 4.5°C and at summer surface temperature of 27.5°C. The activation energy (geometric mean 1.58 ± 0.48 eV), the slope of the Arrhenius equation describing the temperature-dependence of biological processes, for the response of Mediterranean marine biota to warming reveals that these responses in the Mediterranean are far steepest than possibly explained by the direct effect of warming alone. The observations are biased toward the northern and western sectors of the basin, likely underestimating the impacts of warming in areas where warming is particularly intense.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SAen
dc.relation.urlhttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmars.2015.00056en
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjecttemperatureen
dc.subjectheat waveen
dc.subjectspeciesen
dc.subjectbiological traitsen
dc.subjectactivation energyen
dc.titleFootprints of climate change on Mediterranean Sea biotaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Marine Scienceen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Global Change Research, Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avançats (Universitat de les Illes Balears-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas), Esporles, Spainen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Marine Resources and Ecology, Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avançats (Universitat de les Illes Balears-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas), Esporles, Spainen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorAgusti, Susanaen
kaust.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
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