Scleractinian corals (Fungiidae, Agariciidae and Euphylliidae) of Pulau Layang-Layang, Spratly Islands, with a note on Pavona maldivensis (Gardiner, 1905)

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/574952
Title:
Scleractinian corals (Fungiidae, Agariciidae and Euphylliidae) of Pulau Layang-Layang, Spratly Islands, with a note on Pavona maldivensis (Gardiner, 1905)
Authors:
Waheed, Zarinah; Benzoni, Francesca; van der Meij, Sancia E. T.; Terraneo, Tullia Isotta ( 0000-0003-2806-4471 ) ; Hoeksema, Bert W.
Abstract:
Layang-Layang is a small island part of an oceanic atoll in the Spratly Islands off Sabah, Malaysia. As the reef coral fauna in this part of the South China Sea is poorly known, a survey was carried out in 2013 to study the species composition of the scleractinian coral families Fungiidae, Agariciidae and Euphylliidae. A total of 56 species was recorded. The addition of three previously reported coral species brings the total to 59, consisting of 32 Fungiidae, 22 Agariciidae, and five Euphylliidae. Of these, 32 species are new records for Layang-Layang, which include five rarely reported species, i.e., the fungiids Lithophyllon ranjithi, Podabacia sinai, Sandalolitha boucheti, and the agariciids Leptoseris kalayaanensis and L. troglodyta. The coral fauna of Layang-Layang is poor compared to other areas in Sabah, which may be related to its recovery from a crown-of-thorns seastar outbreak in 2010, and its low habitat diversity, which is dominated by reef slopes consisting of steep outer walls. Based on integrative molecular and morphological analyses, a Pavona variety with small and extremely thin coralla was revealed as P. maldivensis. Since specimens from Sabah previously identified as P. maldivensis were found to belong to P. explanulata, the affinities and distinctions of P. maldivensis and P. explanulata are discussed.
KAUST Department:
Marine Science Program
Citation:
Scleractinian corals (Fungiidae, Agariciidae and Euphylliidae) of Pulau Layang-Layang, Spratly Islands, with a note on Pavona maldivensis (Gardiner, 1905) 2015, 517:1 ZooKeys
Publisher:
Pensoft Publishers
Journal:
ZooKeys
Issue Date:
12-Aug-2015
DOI:
10.3897/zookeys.517.9308
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1313-2970; 1313-2989
Additional Links:
http://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=5901
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Marine Science Program

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWaheed, Zarinahen
dc.contributor.authorBenzoni, Francescaen
dc.contributor.authorvan der Meij, Sancia E. T.en
dc.contributor.authorTerraneo, Tullia Isottaen
dc.contributor.authorHoeksema, Bert W.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-18T08:38:31Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-18T08:38:31Zen
dc.date.issued2015-08-12en
dc.identifier.citationScleractinian corals (Fungiidae, Agariciidae and Euphylliidae) of Pulau Layang-Layang, Spratly Islands, with a note on Pavona maldivensis (Gardiner, 1905) 2015, 517:1 ZooKeysen
dc.identifier.issn1313-2970en
dc.identifier.issn1313-2989en
dc.identifier.doi10.3897/zookeys.517.9308en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/574952en
dc.description.abstractLayang-Layang is a small island part of an oceanic atoll in the Spratly Islands off Sabah, Malaysia. As the reef coral fauna in this part of the South China Sea is poorly known, a survey was carried out in 2013 to study the species composition of the scleractinian coral families Fungiidae, Agariciidae and Euphylliidae. A total of 56 species was recorded. The addition of three previously reported coral species brings the total to 59, consisting of 32 Fungiidae, 22 Agariciidae, and five Euphylliidae. Of these, 32 species are new records for Layang-Layang, which include five rarely reported species, i.e., the fungiids Lithophyllon ranjithi, Podabacia sinai, Sandalolitha boucheti, and the agariciids Leptoseris kalayaanensis and L. troglodyta. The coral fauna of Layang-Layang is poor compared to other areas in Sabah, which may be related to its recovery from a crown-of-thorns seastar outbreak in 2010, and its low habitat diversity, which is dominated by reef slopes consisting of steep outer walls. Based on integrative molecular and morphological analyses, a Pavona variety with small and extremely thin coralla was revealed as P. maldivensis. Since specimens from Sabah previously identified as P. maldivensis were found to belong to P. explanulata, the affinities and distinctions of P. maldivensis and P. explanulata are discussed.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPensoft Publishersen
dc.relation.urlhttp://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=5901en
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectScleractiniaen
dc.subjectSouth China Seaen
dc.subjectMalaysiaen
dc.subjectatollen
dc.subjectdistribution rangesen
dc.subjectnew recordsen
dc.subjectspecies richnessen
dc.titleScleractinian corals (Fungiidae, Agariciidae and Euphylliidae) of Pulau Layang-Layang, Spratly Islands, with a note on Pavona maldivensis (Gardiner, 1905)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Programen
dc.identifier.journalZooKeysen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionNaturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlandsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Milano - Bicocca, Milano, Italyen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorTerraneo, Tullia Isottaen
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