Startup and stability of thermophilic anaerobic digestion of OFMSW

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/566036
Title:
Startup and stability of thermophilic anaerobic digestion of OFMSW
Authors:
El-Fadel, Mutasem E.; Saikaly, Pascal ( 0000-0001-7678-3986 ) ; Ghanimeh, Sophia A.
Abstract:
Anaerobic digestion (AD) of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) is promoted as an energy source and more recently as a greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation measure. In this context, AD systems operating at thermophilic temperatures (55-60°C)-compared to mesophilic temperatures (35-40°C)-have the unique feature of producing hygienic soil conditioners with greater process efficiency, higher energy yield, and more GHG savings. Startup of AD systems is often constrained by the lack of acclimated seeds, leading to process instability and failure. The authors focus on strategies to startup thermophilic digesters treating OFMSW in the absence of acclimated seeds and examines constraints associated with process stability and ways to overcome them. Relevant gaps in the literature and future research needs are delineated. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Publisher:
Informa UK Limited
Journal:
Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
Issue Date:
Jan-2013
DOI:
10.1080/10643389.2012.694333
Type:
Article
ISSN:
10643389
Sponsors:
This work was supported by the National Council for Scientific Research and the Masri Institute of Energy and Natural Resources at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon.
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorEl-Fadel, Mutasem E.en
dc.contributor.authorSaikaly, Pascalen
dc.contributor.authorGhanimeh, Sophia A.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-12T09:00:30Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-12T09:00:30Zen
dc.date.issued2013-01en
dc.identifier.issn10643389en
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/10643389.2012.694333en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/566036en
dc.description.abstractAnaerobic digestion (AD) of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) is promoted as an energy source and more recently as a greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation measure. In this context, AD systems operating at thermophilic temperatures (55-60°C)-compared to mesophilic temperatures (35-40°C)-have the unique feature of producing hygienic soil conditioners with greater process efficiency, higher energy yield, and more GHG savings. Startup of AD systems is often constrained by the lack of acclimated seeds, leading to process instability and failure. The authors focus on strategies to startup thermophilic digesters treating OFMSW in the absence of acclimated seeds and examines constraints associated with process stability and ways to overcome them. Relevant gaps in the literature and future research needs are delineated. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the National Council for Scientific Research and the Masri Institute of Energy and Natural Resources at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon.en
dc.publisherInforma UK Limiteden
dc.subjectAnaerobic digestionen
dc.subjectMixingen
dc.subjectMunicipal solid wasteen
dc.subjectStabilityen
dc.subjectStartupen
dc.titleStartup and stability of thermophilic anaerobic digestion of OFMSWen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.identifier.journalCritical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technologyen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering, American University of Beirut, Lebanonen
dc.contributor.institutionAmerican University of Beirut, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Bliss street, PO Box 11-0236, Beirut, Lebanonen
kaust.authorSaikaly, Pascalen
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