The effect of cover geometry on the productivity of a modified solar still desalination unit

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/564862
Title:
The effect of cover geometry on the productivity of a modified solar still desalination unit
Authors:
Malaeb, Lilian; Ayoub, George M.; Al Hindi, Mahmoud
Abstract:
Desalination methods based on renewable energy offer a promising solution to both water shortage and environmental degradation problems that continue to grow globally. The solar still is one such method that uses a sustainable energy source to produce potable water albeit at a relatively low productivity rate. A new modification has been introduced to the conventional solar still to enhance its productivity. The modification consists of a light weight, black finished, slowly-rotating drum, which leads to a sustainable, cost-effective, and low-tech amendment that preserves the key features of the still while considerably increasing its yield compared to a control still that does not include the drum. In this paper, three different cover geometries of the modified still are studied and the effect of cover design on the performance of the still in terms of measured temperatures and productivity is considered. The three cover designs are as follows: double-sloped or triangular, single-sloped and curved cover. In addition, a conventional double-sloped still without the rotating drum is operated in parallel as a control and the findings of this study are reported and discussed. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Water Desalination & Reuse Research Cntr
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Energy Procedia
Conference/Event name:
International Conference on Technologies and Materials for Renewable Energy, Environment and Sustainability, TMREES 2014 - EUMISD
Issue Date:
2014
DOI:
10.1016/j.egypro.2014.06.049
Type:
Conference Paper
ISSN:
18766102
Appears in Collections:
Conference Papers; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMalaeb, Lilianen
dc.contributor.authorAyoub, George M.en
dc.contributor.authorAl Hindi, Mahmouden
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-04T07:23:27Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-04T07:23:27Zen
dc.date.issued2014en
dc.identifier.issn18766102en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.egypro.2014.06.049en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/564862en
dc.description.abstractDesalination methods based on renewable energy offer a promising solution to both water shortage and environmental degradation problems that continue to grow globally. The solar still is one such method that uses a sustainable energy source to produce potable water albeit at a relatively low productivity rate. A new modification has been introduced to the conventional solar still to enhance its productivity. The modification consists of a light weight, black finished, slowly-rotating drum, which leads to a sustainable, cost-effective, and low-tech amendment that preserves the key features of the still while considerably increasing its yield compared to a control still that does not include the drum. In this paper, three different cover geometries of the modified still are studied and the effect of cover design on the performance of the still in terms of measured temperatures and productivity is considered. The three cover designs are as follows: double-sloped or triangular, single-sloped and curved cover. In addition, a conventional double-sloped still without the rotating drum is operated in parallel as a control and the findings of this study are reported and discussed. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectCover geometryen
dc.subjectRotating drumen
dc.subjectSolar stillen
dc.subjectTemperatureen
dc.subjectWater productivityen
dc.titleThe effect of cover geometry on the productivity of a modified solar still desalination uniten
dc.typeConference Paperen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination & Reuse Research Cntren
dc.identifier.journalEnergy Procediaen
dc.conference.date10 April 2014 through 13 April 2014en
dc.conference.nameInternational Conference on Technologies and Materials for Renewable Energy, Environment and Sustainability, TMREES 2014 - EUMISDen
dc.conference.locationBeiruten
dc.contributor.institutionCivil and Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, American Univeristy of Beirut, Lebanonen
dc.contributor.institutionChemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, American University of Beirut, Lebanonen
kaust.authorMalaeb, Lilianen
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