Triggering extreme events at the nanoscale in photonic seas

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/564100
Title:
Triggering extreme events at the nanoscale in photonic seas
Authors:
Liu, Changxu ( 0000-0003-1196-7447 ) ; Van Der Wel, Ruben E C; Rotenberg, Nir; Kuipers, Laurens Kobus; Krauss, T. F.; Di Falco, Andrea; Fratalocchi, Andrea ( 0000-0001-6769-4439 )
Abstract:
Hurricanes, tsunamis, rogue waves and tornadoes are rare natural phenomena that embed an exceptionally large amount of energy, which appears and quickly disappears in a probabilistic fashion. This makes them difficult to predict and hard to generate on demand. Here we demonstrate that we can trigger the onset of rare events akin to rogue waves controllably, and systematically use their generation to break the diffraction limit of light propagation. We illustrate this phenomenon in the case of a random field, where energy oscillates among incoherent degrees of freedom. Despite the low energy carried by each wave, we illustrate how to control a mechanism of spontaneous synchronization, which constructively builds up the spectral energy available in the whole bandwidth of the field into giant structures, whose statistics is predictable. The larger the frequency bandwidth of the random field, the larger the amplitude of rare events that are built up by this mechanism. Our system is composed of an integrated optical resonator, realized on a photonic crystal chip. Through near-field imaging experiments, we record confined rogue waves characterized by a spatial localization of 206 nm and with an ultrashort duration of 163 fs at a wavelength of 1.55 μm. Such localized energy patterns are formed in a deterministic dielectric structure that does not require nonlinear properties.
KAUST Department:
Applied Mathematics and Computational Science Program; Electrical Engineering Program; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Journal:
Nature Physics
Issue Date:
9-Mar-2015
DOI:
10.1038/nphys3263
Type:
Article
ISSN:
17452473
Sponsors:
For the computer time, we used the resources of the KAUST Supercomputing Laboratory and the Red Dragon cluster of the Primalight group. This work is part of the research program of Kaust 'Optics and plasmonics for efficient energy harvesting' and the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), which is part of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). This work is supported by Kaust (Award No. CRG-1-2012-FRA-005), by NanoNextNL of the Dutch ministry EL&I and 130 partners and by the EU FET project 'SPANGL4Q'.
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Applied Mathematics and Computational Science Program; Electrical Engineering Program; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Changxuen
dc.contributor.authorVan Der Wel, Ruben E Cen
dc.contributor.authorRotenberg, Niren
dc.contributor.authorKuipers, Laurens Kobusen
dc.contributor.authorKrauss, T. F.en
dc.contributor.authorDi Falco, Andreaen
dc.contributor.authorFratalocchi, Andreaen
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T12:32:09Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T12:32:09Zen
dc.date.issued2015-03-09en
dc.identifier.issn17452473en
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/nphys3263en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/564100en
dc.description.abstractHurricanes, tsunamis, rogue waves and tornadoes are rare natural phenomena that embed an exceptionally large amount of energy, which appears and quickly disappears in a probabilistic fashion. This makes them difficult to predict and hard to generate on demand. Here we demonstrate that we can trigger the onset of rare events akin to rogue waves controllably, and systematically use their generation to break the diffraction limit of light propagation. We illustrate this phenomenon in the case of a random field, where energy oscillates among incoherent degrees of freedom. Despite the low energy carried by each wave, we illustrate how to control a mechanism of spontaneous synchronization, which constructively builds up the spectral energy available in the whole bandwidth of the field into giant structures, whose statistics is predictable. The larger the frequency bandwidth of the random field, the larger the amplitude of rare events that are built up by this mechanism. Our system is composed of an integrated optical resonator, realized on a photonic crystal chip. Through near-field imaging experiments, we record confined rogue waves characterized by a spatial localization of 206 nm and with an ultrashort duration of 163 fs at a wavelength of 1.55 μm. Such localized energy patterns are formed in a deterministic dielectric structure that does not require nonlinear properties.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFor the computer time, we used the resources of the KAUST Supercomputing Laboratory and the Red Dragon cluster of the Primalight group. This work is part of the research program of Kaust 'Optics and plasmonics for efficient energy harvesting' and the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), which is part of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). This work is supported by Kaust (Award No. CRG-1-2012-FRA-005), by NanoNextNL of the Dutch ministry EL&I and 130 partners and by the EU FET project 'SPANGL4Q'.en
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen
dc.titleTriggering extreme events at the nanoscale in photonic seasen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentApplied Mathematics and Computational Science Programen
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical Engineering Programen
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalNature Physicsen
dc.contributor.institutionPRIMALIGHT, Faculty of Electrical Engineeringen
dc.contributor.institutionCenter for Nanophotonics, FOM Institute AMOLF, Science Park 104Amsterdam, Netherlandsen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Physics, University of YorkHeslington, York, United Kingdomen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North HaughSt Andrews, United Kingdomen
kaust.authorLiu, Changxuen
kaust.authorFratalocchi, Andreaen
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