Fish consumption behavior and rates in native and non-native people in Saudi Arabia

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/563671
Title:
Fish consumption behavior and rates in native and non-native people in Saudi Arabia
Authors:
Burger, Joanna; Gochfeld, Michael; Batang, Zenon B. ( 0000-0003-4593-0589 ) ; Mannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeel; Aljahdali, Ramzi ( 0000-0002-6624-2905 ) ; Al-Jebreen, Dalal Hamad; Aziz, Mohammed A M; Al-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.
Abstract:
Fish are a healthy source of protein and nutrients, but contaminants in fish may provide health risks. Determining the risk from contaminants in fish requires site-specific information on consumption patterns. We examine consumption rates for resident and expatriates in the Jeddah region of Saudi Arabia, by species of fish and fishing location. For Saudis, 3.7% of males and 4.3% of females do not eat fish; for expatriates, the percent not eating fish is 6.6% and 6.1% respectively. Most people eat fish at home (over 90%), and many eat fish at restaurants (65% and 48%, respectively for Saudis and expatriates). Fish eaten at home comes from local fish markets, followed by supermarkets. Saudis included fish in their diets at an average of 1.4±1.2 meals/week at home and 0.8±0.7 meals/week at restaurants, while expats ate 2.0±1.7 meals/week at home and 1.1±1.1 meals/week in restaurants. Overall, Saudis ate 2.2 fish meals/week, while expats ate 3.1 meals/week. Grouper (Epinephelus and Cephalopholis) were eaten by 72% and 60% respectively. Plectropomus pessuliferus was the second favorite for both groups and Hipposcarus harid and Lethrinus lentjan were in 3rd and 4th place in terms of consumption. Average meal size was 68. g for Saudis and 128. g for expatriates. These data can be used by health professionals, risk assessors, and environmental regulators to examine potential risk from contaminants in fish, and to compare consumption rates with other sites. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
KAUST Department:
Coastal and Marine Resources Core Lab
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Environmental Research
Issue Date:
Aug-2014
DOI:
10.1016/j.envres.2014.05.014
PubMed ID:
24926920
PubMed Central ID:
PMC4467211
Type:
Article
ISSN:
00139351
Sponsors:
This research was funded by the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) to KAUST (KAUST/MoA 228211), with additional funds to JB and MG from EOHSI, NIEHS (P30ES005022), and Rutgers University. The support and assistance extended by the KAUST Administration and CMOR staff are deeply appreciated. We thank also the many people who have discussed these topics with us, or who have helped in the research, including R. Schoeny, A. Stern, D. Carpenter, N. Ralston, M. Lemire, D. Mergler, S. Silbernagel, E. Silbergeld, E. Groth, C. Chess, C. Jeitner, T. Pittfield, and M. Donio. We also gratefully acknowledge the logistical help provided by C. Jeitner. The views and opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors, and do not represent the funding agencies.
Additional Links:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4467211
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Coastal and Marine Resources Core Lab

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBurger, Joannaen
dc.contributor.authorGochfeld, Michaelen
dc.contributor.authorBatang, Zenon B.en
dc.contributor.authorMannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeelen
dc.contributor.authorAljahdali, Ramzien
dc.contributor.authorAl-Jebreen, Dalal Hamaden
dc.contributor.authorAziz, Mohammed A Men
dc.contributor.authorAl-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T12:05:44Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T12:05:44Zen
dc.date.issued2014-08en
dc.identifier.issn00139351en
dc.identifier.pmid24926920en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.envres.2014.05.014en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/563671en
dc.description.abstractFish are a healthy source of protein and nutrients, but contaminants in fish may provide health risks. Determining the risk from contaminants in fish requires site-specific information on consumption patterns. We examine consumption rates for resident and expatriates in the Jeddah region of Saudi Arabia, by species of fish and fishing location. For Saudis, 3.7% of males and 4.3% of females do not eat fish; for expatriates, the percent not eating fish is 6.6% and 6.1% respectively. Most people eat fish at home (over 90%), and many eat fish at restaurants (65% and 48%, respectively for Saudis and expatriates). Fish eaten at home comes from local fish markets, followed by supermarkets. Saudis included fish in their diets at an average of 1.4±1.2 meals/week at home and 0.8±0.7 meals/week at restaurants, while expats ate 2.0±1.7 meals/week at home and 1.1±1.1 meals/week in restaurants. Overall, Saudis ate 2.2 fish meals/week, while expats ate 3.1 meals/week. Grouper (Epinephelus and Cephalopholis) were eaten by 72% and 60% respectively. Plectropomus pessuliferus was the second favorite for both groups and Hipposcarus harid and Lethrinus lentjan were in 3rd and 4th place in terms of consumption. Average meal size was 68. g for Saudis and 128. g for expatriates. These data can be used by health professionals, risk assessors, and environmental regulators to examine potential risk from contaminants in fish, and to compare consumption rates with other sites. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) to KAUST (KAUST/MoA 228211), with additional funds to JB and MG from EOHSI, NIEHS (P30ES005022), and Rutgers University. The support and assistance extended by the KAUST Administration and CMOR staff are deeply appreciated. We thank also the many people who have discussed these topics with us, or who have helped in the research, including R. Schoeny, A. Stern, D. Carpenter, N. Ralston, M. Lemire, D. Mergler, S. Silbernagel, E. Silbergeld, E. Groth, C. Chess, C. Jeitner, T. Pittfield, and M. Donio. We also gratefully acknowledge the logistical help provided by C. Jeitner. The views and opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors, and do not represent the funding agencies.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4467211en
dc.subjectFish consumptionen
dc.subjectFishingen
dc.subjectMeal sizeen
dc.subjectMeal/weeken
dc.subjectSaudi Arabiaen
dc.titleFish consumption behavior and rates in native and non-native people in Saudi Arabiaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentCoastal and Marine Resources Core Laben
dc.identifier.journalEnvironmental Researchen
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC4467211en
dc.contributor.institutionDivision of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironmental and Occupational Medicine, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Nutrition and Food Science, Princess Nora bint Abdul Rahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabiaen
dc.contributor.institutionDirectorate of Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Riyadh, Saudi Arabiaen
kaust.authorAljahdali, Ramzien
kaust.authorAl-Suwailem, Abdulaziz M.en
kaust.authorBatang, Zenon B.en
kaust.authorMannalamkunnath Alikunhi, Nabeelen
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