Towards a phylogenetic classification of reef corals: The Indo-Pacific genera Merulina, Goniastrea and Scapophyllia (Scleractinia, Merulinidae)

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/563588
Title:
Towards a phylogenetic classification of reef corals: The Indo-Pacific genera Merulina, Goniastrea and Scapophyllia (Scleractinia, Merulinidae)
Authors:
Huang, Danwei; Benzoni, Francesca; Arrigoni, Roberto; Baird, Andrew Hamilton; Berumen, Michael L. ( 0000-0003-2463-2742 ) ; Bouwmeester, Jessica ( 0000-0002-9221-537X ) ; Chou, Lokeming; Fukami, Hironobu; Licuanan, Wilfredo Y.; Lovell, Edward R.; Meier, Rudolf; Todd, Peter Alan; Budd, Ann F.
Abstract:
Recent advances in scleractinian systematics and taxonomy have been achieved through the integration of molecular and morphological data, as well as rigorous analysis using phylogenetic methods. In this study, we continue in our pursuit of a phylogenetic classification by examining the evolutionary relationships between the closely related reef coral genera Merulina, Goniastrea, Paraclavarina and Scapophyllia (Merulinidae). In particular, we address the extreme polyphyly of Favites and Goniastrea that was discovered a decade ago. We sampled 145 specimens belonging to 16 species from a wide geographic range in the Indo-Pacific, focusing especially on type localities, including the Red Sea, western Indian Ocean and central Pacific. Tree reconstructions based on both nuclear and mitochondrial markers reveal a novel lineage composed of three species previously placed in Favites and Goniastrea. Morphological analyses indicate that this clade, Paragoniastrea Huang, Benzoni & Budd, gen. n., has a unique combination of corallite and subcorallite features observable with scanning electron microscopy and thin sections. Molecular and morphological evidence furthermore indicates that the monotypic genus Paraclavarina is nested within Merulina, and the former is therefore synonymised. © 2014 Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
KAUST Department:
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Marine Science Program; Reef Ecology Lab
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Journal:
Zoologica Scripta
Issue Date:
3-Jun-2014
DOI:
10.1111/zsc.12061
Type:
Article
ISSN:
03003256
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC); Marine Science Program; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Danweien
dc.contributor.authorBenzoni, Francescaen
dc.contributor.authorArrigoni, Robertoen
dc.contributor.authorBaird, Andrew Hamiltonen
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
dc.contributor.authorBouwmeester, Jessicaen
dc.contributor.authorChou, Lokemingen
dc.contributor.authorFukami, Hironobuen
dc.contributor.authorLicuanan, Wilfredo Y.en
dc.contributor.authorLovell, Edward R.en
dc.contributor.authorMeier, Rudolfen
dc.contributor.authorTodd, Peter Alanen
dc.contributor.authorBudd, Ann F.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T11:55:07Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T11:55:07Zen
dc.date.issued2014-06-03en
dc.identifier.issn03003256en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/zsc.12061en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/563588en
dc.description.abstractRecent advances in scleractinian systematics and taxonomy have been achieved through the integration of molecular and morphological data, as well as rigorous analysis using phylogenetic methods. In this study, we continue in our pursuit of a phylogenetic classification by examining the evolutionary relationships between the closely related reef coral genera Merulina, Goniastrea, Paraclavarina and Scapophyllia (Merulinidae). In particular, we address the extreme polyphyly of Favites and Goniastrea that was discovered a decade ago. We sampled 145 specimens belonging to 16 species from a wide geographic range in the Indo-Pacific, focusing especially on type localities, including the Red Sea, western Indian Ocean and central Pacific. Tree reconstructions based on both nuclear and mitochondrial markers reveal a novel lineage composed of three species previously placed in Favites and Goniastrea. Morphological analyses indicate that this clade, Paragoniastrea Huang, Benzoni & Budd, gen. n., has a unique combination of corallite and subcorallite features observable with scanning electron microscopy and thin sections. Molecular and morphological evidence furthermore indicates that the monotypic genus Paraclavarina is nested within Merulina, and the former is therefore synonymised. © 2014 Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.en
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen
dc.titleTowards a phylogenetic classification of reef corals: The Indo-Pacific genera Merulina, Goniastrea and Scapophyllia (Scleractinia, Merulinidae)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Programen
dc.contributor.departmentReef Ecology Laben
dc.identifier.journalZoologica Scriptaen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, 52242, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionScripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, SGP, 117543, Singaporeen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biotechnology and Biosciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 2, Milan, 20126, Italyen
dc.contributor.institutionARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld, 4811, Australiaen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Marine Biology and Environmental Science, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, 889-2192, Japanen
dc.contributor.institutionBr. Alfred Shields FSC Ocean Research Center and Biology Department, De La Salle University, Manila, 1004, Philippinesen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Marine Studies, University of the South Pacific, Laucala Campus, Suva, Fijien
kaust.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
kaust.authorBouwmeester, Jessicaen
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