# An inkjet-printed buoyant 3-D lagrangian sensor for real-time flood monitoring

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/563573
Title:
An inkjet-printed buoyant 3-D lagrangian sensor for real-time flood monitoring
Authors:
Farooqui, Muhammad Fahad ( 0000-0003-1335-2411 ) ; Claudel, Christian G. ( 0000-0003-0702-6548 ) ; Shamim, Atif ( 0000-0002-4207-4740 )
Abstract:
A 3-D (cube-shaped) Lagrangian sensor, inkjet printed on a paper substrate, is presented for the first time. The sensor comprises a transmitter chip with a microcontroller completely embedded in the cube, along with a $1.5 \lambda 0 dipole that is uniquely implemented on all the faces of the cube to achieve a near isotropic radiation pattern. The sensor has been designed to operate both in the air as well as water (half immersed) for real-time flood monitoring. The sensor weighs 1.8 gm and measures 13 mm$\,\times\,$13 mm$\,\times\,$13 mm, and each side of the cube corresponds to only$0.1 \lambda 0 (at 2.4 GHz). The printed circuit board is also inkjet-printed on paper substrate to make the sensor light weight and buoyant. Issues related to the bending of inkjet-printed tracks and integration of the transmitter chip in the cube are discussed. The Lagrangian sensor is designed to operate in a wireless sensor network and field tests have confirmed that it can communicate up to a distance of 100 m while in the air and up to 50 m while half immersed in water. © 1963-2012 IEEE.
KAUST Department:
Electrical Engineering Program; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division; Distributed Sensing Systems Laboratory (DSS); Integrated Microwave Packaging Antennas and Circuits Technology (IMPACT) Lab
Publisher:
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Journal:
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue Date:
Jun-2014
DOI:
10.1109/TAP.2014.2309957
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0018926X
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Integrated Microwave Packaging Antennas and Circuits Technology (IMPACT) Lab; Electrical Engineering Program; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorClaudel, Christian G.en
dc.contributor.authorShamim, Atifen
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T11:54:46Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T11:54:46Zen
dc.date.issued2014-06en
dc.identifier.issn0018926Xen
dc.identifier.doi10.1109/TAP.2014.2309957en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/563573en
dc.description.abstractA 3-D (cube-shaped) Lagrangian sensor, inkjet printed on a paper substrate, is presented for the first time. The sensor comprises a transmitter chip with a microcontroller completely embedded in the cube, along with a $1.5 \lambda 0 dipole that is uniquely implemented on all the faces of the cube to achieve a near isotropic radiation pattern. The sensor has been designed to operate both in the air as well as water (half immersed) for real-time flood monitoring. The sensor weighs 1.8 gm and measures 13 mm$\,\times\,$13 mm$\,\times\,$13 mm, and each side of the cube corresponds to only$0.1 \lambda 0 (at 2.4 GHz). The printed circuit board is also inkjet-printed on paper substrate to make the sensor light weight and buoyant. Issues related to the bending of inkjet-printed tracks and integration of the transmitter chip in the cube are discussed. The Lagrangian sensor is designed to operate in a wireless sensor network and field tests have confirmed that it can communicate up to a distance of 100 m while in the air and up to 50 m while half immersed in water. © 1963-2012 IEEE.en
dc.publisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)en
dc.subject3D antennaen
dc.subjectdipole antennaen
dc.subjectflood sensoren
dc.subjectinkjet printingen
dc.subjectLagrangian sensoren
dc.subjectwireless sensor network (WSN)en
dc.titleAn inkjet-printed buoyant 3-D lagrangian sensor for real-time flood monitoringen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical Engineering Programen
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentDistributed Sensing Systems Laboratory (DSS)en
dc.contributor.departmentIntegrated Microwave Packaging Antennas and Circuits Technology (IMPACT) Laben
dc.identifier.journalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagationen