Hollow-fiber membrane bioreactor for the treatment of high-strength landfill leachate

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/562864
Title:
Hollow-fiber membrane bioreactor for the treatment of high-strength landfill leachate
Authors:
Rizkallah, Marwan; El-Fadel, Mutasem E.; Saikaly, Pascal ( 0000-0001-7678-3986 ) ; Ayoub, George M.; Darwiche, Nadine D.; Hashisho, Jihan
Abstract:
Performance assessment of membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology for the treatability of high-strength landfill leachate is relatively limited or lacking. This study examines the feasibility of treating high-strength landfill leachate using a hollow-fiber MBR. For this purpose, a laboratory-scale MBR was constructed and operated to treat leachate with a chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 9000-11,000 mg/l, a 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) of 4000-6,000 mg/l, volatile suspended solids (VSS) of 300-500 mg/l, total nitrogen (TN) of 2000-6000 mg/l, and an ammonia-nitrogen (NH3-N) of 1800-4000 mg/l. VSS was used with the BOD and COD data to simulate the biological activity in the activated sludge. Removal efficiencies > 95-99% for BOD5, VSS, TN and NH3-N were attained. The coupled experimental and simulation results contribute in filling a gap in managing high-strength landfill leachate and providing guidelines for corresponding MBR application. © The Author(s) 2013.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Environmental Biotechnology Research Group
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Journal:
Waste Management & Research
Issue Date:
15-Jul-2013
DOI:
10.1177/0734242X13497075
PubMed ID:
23856789
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0734242X
Sponsors:
Special thanks are extended to the US Agency for International Development for funding the rehabilitation efforts at the Zahle landfill.
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorRizkallah, Marwanen
dc.contributor.authorEl-Fadel, Mutasem E.en
dc.contributor.authorSaikaly, Pascalen
dc.contributor.authorAyoub, George M.en
dc.contributor.authorDarwiche, Nadine D.en
dc.contributor.authorHashisho, Jihanen
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T11:13:17Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T11:13:17Zen
dc.date.issued2013-07-15en
dc.identifier.issn0734242Xen
dc.identifier.pmid23856789en
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0734242X13497075en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/562864en
dc.description.abstractPerformance assessment of membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology for the treatability of high-strength landfill leachate is relatively limited or lacking. This study examines the feasibility of treating high-strength landfill leachate using a hollow-fiber MBR. For this purpose, a laboratory-scale MBR was constructed and operated to treat leachate with a chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 9000-11,000 mg/l, a 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) of 4000-6,000 mg/l, volatile suspended solids (VSS) of 300-500 mg/l, total nitrogen (TN) of 2000-6000 mg/l, and an ammonia-nitrogen (NH3-N) of 1800-4000 mg/l. VSS was used with the BOD and COD data to simulate the biological activity in the activated sludge. Removal efficiencies > 95-99% for BOD5, VSS, TN and NH3-N were attained. The coupled experimental and simulation results contribute in filling a gap in managing high-strength landfill leachate and providing guidelines for corresponding MBR application. © The Author(s) 2013.en
dc.description.sponsorshipSpecial thanks are extended to the US Agency for International Development for funding the rehabilitation efforts at the Zahle landfill.en
dc.publisherSAGE Publicationsen
dc.subjecthollow fiberen
dc.subjectlandfillingen
dc.subjectleachate treatmenten
dc.subjectmembrane bioreactoren
dc.subjectMunicipal solid wasteen
dc.titleHollow-fiber membrane bioreactor for the treatment of high-strength landfill leachateen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Programen
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Biotechnology Research Groupen
dc.identifier.journalWaste Management & Researchen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering, American University of Beirut, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Bliss Street, 0236 Beirut, Lebanonen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanonen
kaust.authorSaikaly, Pascalen
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