Fabrication of electrospun nanofibrous membranes for membrane distillation application

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/562641
Title:
Fabrication of electrospun nanofibrous membranes for membrane distillation application
Authors:
Francis, Lijo; Maab, Husnul; Alsaadi, Ahmad Salem ( 0000-0002-5334-8305 ) ; Nunes, Suzana Pereira ( 0000-0002-3669-138X ) ; Ghaffour, Noreddine ( 0000-0003-2095-4736 ) ; Amy, Gary L.
Abstract:
Nanofibrous membranes of Matrimid have been successfully fabricated using an electrospinning technique under optimized conditions. Nanofibrous membranes are found to be highly hydrophobic with a high water contact angle of 130°. Field emission scanning electron microscopy and pore size distribution analysis revealed the big pore size structure of electrospun membranes to be greater than 2 μm and the pore size distribution is found to be narrow. Flat sheet Matrimid membranes were fabricated via casting followed by phase inversion. The morphology, pore size distribution, and water contact angle were measured and compared with the electrospun membranes. Both membranes fabricated by electrospinning and phase inversion techniques were tested in a direct contact membrane distillation process. Electrospun membranes showed high water vapor flux of 56 kg/m2-h, which is very high compared to the casted membrane as well as most of the fabricated and commercially available highly hydrophobic membranes. ©2013 Desalination Publications.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division; Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Nanostructured Polymeric Membrane Lab
Publisher:
Informa UK Limited
Journal:
Desalination and Water Treatment
Issue Date:
Feb-2013
DOI:
10.1080/19443994.2012.700037
Type:
Article
ISSN:
19443994
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorFrancis, Lijoen
dc.contributor.authorMaab, Husnulen
dc.contributor.authorAlsaadi, Ahmad Salemen
dc.contributor.authorNunes, Suzana Pereiraen
dc.contributor.authorGhaffour, Noreddineen
dc.contributor.authorAmy, Gary L.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-23T13:50:30Z-
dc.date.available2015-08-03T10:59:25Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-23T13:50:30Z-
dc.date.issued2013-02-
dc.identifier.issn19443994-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/19443994.2012.700037-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/562641-
dc.description.abstractNanofibrous membranes of Matrimid have been successfully fabricated using an electrospinning technique under optimized conditions. Nanofibrous membranes are found to be highly hydrophobic with a high water contact angle of 130°. Field emission scanning electron microscopy and pore size distribution analysis revealed the big pore size structure of electrospun membranes to be greater than 2 μm and the pore size distribution is found to be narrow. Flat sheet Matrimid membranes were fabricated via casting followed by phase inversion. The morphology, pore size distribution, and water contact angle were measured and compared with the electrospun membranes. Both membranes fabricated by electrospinning and phase inversion techniques were tested in a direct contact membrane distillation process. Electrospun membranes showed high water vapor flux of 56 kg/m2-h, which is very high compared to the casted membrane as well as most of the fabricated and commercially available highly hydrophobic membranes. ©2013 Desalination Publications.en
dc.publisherInforma UK Limiteden
dc.rightsThis is the author's accepted manuscript version. The final article was published in the journal Desalination and Water Treatment in 2013 with the DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2012.700037en
dc.subjectElectrospinningen
dc.subjectMembrane distillationen
dc.subjectNanofibersen
dc.subjectWater vapor fluxen
dc.titleFabrication of electrospun nanofibrous membranes for membrane distillation applicationen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Programen
dc.contributor.departmentNanostructured Polymeric Membrane Laben
dc.identifier.journalDesalination and Water Treatmenten
dc.eprint.versionPost-printen
kaust.authorFrancis, Lijoen
kaust.authorMaab, Husnulen
kaust.authorAlsaadi, Ahmad Salemen
kaust.authorNunes, Suzana Pereiraen
kaust.authorGhaffour, Noreddineen
kaust.authorAmy, Gary L.en

Version History

VersionItem Editor Date Summary
2 10754/562641grenzdm2016-05-23 14:46:01.0Accepted manuscript received from Noreddine Ghaffour. - DG
1 10754/562641.1grenzdm2015-08-03 11:59:25.0null
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