A review of environmental governance and its effects on concentrate discharge from desalination plants in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/562586
Title:
A review of environmental governance and its effects on concentrate discharge from desalination plants in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Authors:
Van Der Merwe, Riaan; Lattemann, Sabine; Amy, Gary L.
Abstract:
The most likely environmental impact of concentrate discharges (in most instances twice the concentration of the ambient environment) leaking from desalination plants on local marine ecosystems has been controversially discussed for many years. Increasing water demand and lack of renewable natural water resources in Saudi Arabia also result in greater dependence on desalination and consequently amplify the impact on marine environment and multifactorial ecosystems in near-field areas of desalination discharges. Accurate scientific baseline data should furnish information on various factors such as intake- and outfall locality, brine (concentrate) discharge and chemical characteristics (i.e. effluent concentration, mass flow rates (flux)), local effects, and even cumulative effects of desalination activities, at least on a regional and even on a national scale. Even if such data were available, in many cases they are non-transparent and are not even accessible, or tend to be overlooked as a result of ambiguous desalination-related policies. This paper focuses on national environmental regulations in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and how such regulations help control the flow of concentrate discharge into the receiving waters. © 2013 Desalination Publications.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Journal:
Desalination and Water Treatment
Issue Date:
Jan-2013
DOI:
10.1080/19443994.2012.693700
Type:
Article
ISSN:
19443994
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorVan Der Merwe, Riaanen
dc.contributor.authorLattemann, Sabineen
dc.contributor.authorAmy, Gary L.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T10:43:47Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T10:43:47Zen
dc.date.issued2013-01en
dc.identifier.issn19443994en
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/19443994.2012.693700en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/562586en
dc.description.abstractThe most likely environmental impact of concentrate discharges (in most instances twice the concentration of the ambient environment) leaking from desalination plants on local marine ecosystems has been controversially discussed for many years. Increasing water demand and lack of renewable natural water resources in Saudi Arabia also result in greater dependence on desalination and consequently amplify the impact on marine environment and multifactorial ecosystems in near-field areas of desalination discharges. Accurate scientific baseline data should furnish information on various factors such as intake- and outfall locality, brine (concentrate) discharge and chemical characteristics (i.e. effluent concentration, mass flow rates (flux)), local effects, and even cumulative effects of desalination activities, at least on a regional and even on a national scale. Even if such data were available, in many cases they are non-transparent and are not even accessible, or tend to be overlooked as a result of ambiguous desalination-related policies. This paper focuses on national environmental regulations in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and how such regulations help control the flow of concentrate discharge into the receiving waters. © 2013 Desalination Publications.en
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen
dc.subjectConcentrate dischargeen
dc.subjectEnvironmental impact assessmenten
dc.subjectEnvironmental regulationsen
dc.subjectMarine ecosystemsen
dc.subjectSeawater desalinationen
dc.titleA review of environmental governance and its effects on concentrate discharge from desalination plants in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabiaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalDesalination and Water Treatmenten
kaust.authorVan Der Merwe, Riaanen
kaust.authorAmy, Gary L.en
kaust.authorLattemann, Sabineen
All Items in KAUST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.