Facile synthesis of polyaniline nanotubes using reactive oxide templates for high energy density pseudocapacitors

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/562490
Title:
Facile synthesis of polyaniline nanotubes using reactive oxide templates for high energy density pseudocapacitors
Authors:
Chen, Wei; Baby, Rakhi Raghavan; Alshareef, Husam N. ( 0000-0001-5029-2142 )
Abstract:
A remarkable energy density of 84 W h kg(cell) -1 and a power density of 182 kW kg(cell) -1 have been achieved for full-cell pseudocapacitors using conducting polymer nanotubes (polyaniline) as electrode materials and ionic liquid as electrolytes. The polyaniline nanotubes were synthesized by a one-step in situ chemical polymerization process utilizing MnO2 nanotubes as sacrificial templates. The polyaniline-nanotube pseudocapacitors exhibit much better electrochemical performance than the polyaniline-nanofiber pseudocapacitors in both acidic aqueous and ionic liquid electrolytes. Importantly, the incorporation of ionic liquid with polyaniline-nanotubes has drastically improved the energy storage capacity of the PAni-nanotube pseudocapacitors by a factor of ∼5 times compared to that of the PAni-nanotube pseudocapacitors in the acidic aqueous electrolyte. Furthermore, even after 10000 cycles, the PAni-nanotube pseudocapacitors in the ionic liquid electrolyte maintain sufficient high energy density and can light LEDs for several minutes, with only 30 s quick charge. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
KAUST Department:
Materials Science and Engineering Program; Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division; Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center; Functional Nanomaterials and Devices Research Group
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Journal:
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue Date:
2013
DOI:
10.1039/c3ta00499f
Type:
Article
ISSN:
20507488
Sponsors:
The authors would like to thank Mr Qingxiao Wang, Dr Lan Zhao and Dr Yang Yang from KAUST Imaging and Characterization Core Facility for their help with HRTEM, Raman, and FTIR characterization, and Dr Hua Tan from the Analytical Chemistry Core Laboratory for his help with BET analysis. W. C. acknowledges support from the KAUST Graduate Fellowship. R. B. Rakhi acknowledges support from SABIC Postdoctoral Fellowship. H. A. acknowledges the support from KAUST baseline fund.
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center; Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division; Materials Science and Engineering Program

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorChen, Weien
dc.contributor.authorBaby, Rakhi Raghavanen
dc.contributor.authorAlshareef, Husam N.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T10:40:00Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T10:40:00Zen
dc.date.issued2013en
dc.identifier.issn20507488en
dc.identifier.doi10.1039/c3ta00499fen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/562490en
dc.description.abstractA remarkable energy density of 84 W h kg(cell) -1 and a power density of 182 kW kg(cell) -1 have been achieved for full-cell pseudocapacitors using conducting polymer nanotubes (polyaniline) as electrode materials and ionic liquid as electrolytes. The polyaniline nanotubes were synthesized by a one-step in situ chemical polymerization process utilizing MnO2 nanotubes as sacrificial templates. The polyaniline-nanotube pseudocapacitors exhibit much better electrochemical performance than the polyaniline-nanofiber pseudocapacitors in both acidic aqueous and ionic liquid electrolytes. Importantly, the incorporation of ionic liquid with polyaniline-nanotubes has drastically improved the energy storage capacity of the PAni-nanotube pseudocapacitors by a factor of ∼5 times compared to that of the PAni-nanotube pseudocapacitors in the acidic aqueous electrolyte. Furthermore, even after 10000 cycles, the PAni-nanotube pseudocapacitors in the ionic liquid electrolyte maintain sufficient high energy density and can light LEDs for several minutes, with only 30 s quick charge. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to thank Mr Qingxiao Wang, Dr Lan Zhao and Dr Yang Yang from KAUST Imaging and Characterization Core Facility for their help with HRTEM, Raman, and FTIR characterization, and Dr Hua Tan from the Analytical Chemistry Core Laboratory for his help with BET analysis. W. C. acknowledges support from the KAUST Graduate Fellowship. R. B. Rakhi acknowledges support from SABIC Postdoctoral Fellowship. H. A. acknowledges the support from KAUST baseline fund.en
dc.publisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (RSC)en
dc.titleFacile synthesis of polyaniline nanotubes using reactive oxide templates for high energy density pseudocapacitorsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentMaterials Science and Engineering Programen
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentAdvanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Centeren
dc.contributor.departmentFunctional Nanomaterials and Devices Research Groupen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Materials Chemistry Aen
kaust.authorBaby, Rakhi Raghavanen
kaust.authorAlshareef, Husam N.en
kaust.authorChen, Weien
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