Preparation and characterization of adsorbents for treatment of water associated with oil production

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/562296
Title:
Preparation and characterization of adsorbents for treatment of water associated with oil production
Authors:
Sueyoshi, Mark; Al-Maamari, Rashid S.; Jibril, Baba Y.; Tasaki, Masaharu; Okamura, Kazuo; Kuwagaki, Hitoshi; Yahiro, Hidenori; Sagata, Kunimasa; Han, Yu ( 0000-0003-1462-1118 )
Abstract:
Two sets of adsorbents were prepared from locally available raw materials, characterized and tested. The first set consists of crushed natural attapulgite and crushed attapulgite mixed with petroleum tank-bottom sludge and carbonized at 650 °C. Another set was prepared using trunk of date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) activated at 700 and 800°C. Both sets were characterized using BET surface area and pore distributions, FTIR, XRD, SEM and TEM. Natural attapulgite and attapulgite/sludge composite exhibited different characteristics and adsorptive capacities for oil removal from oily water. Adsorptive capacities were calculated from the breakthrough curves of a column test. An oily water solution of about 500 mg-oil/L was passed through both the attapulgite and attapulgite/sludge columns until the column effluent concentration exceeded a reference limit of 10 mg-oil/L. Uptake was calculated at this limit at 155 and 405 mg-oil/g-adsorbent, respectively. This was lower than the performance of a commercial activated carbon sample (uptake calculated at 730 mg-oil/g-adsorbent). Relatively, the date palm, carbonaceous-based adsorbent samples showed less significant differences in both bulk and surface properties. Uptake significantly improved to 1330-1425 mg-oil/g-adsorbent. Attempt was made to associate this performance with the difference in the surface areas between the two sets. However, other factors are found to be important as the second set has a range of surface area less than that of the commercial sample. As evidenced by FTIR, XRD and TEM, the activated carbonaceous materials developed porous structures which form defective graphitic sheet ensembles that serve as additional adsorption sites in the sample. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
KAUST Department:
Chemical and Biological Engineering Program; Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division; Chemical Science Program; Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center; Nanostructured Functional Materials (NFM) laboratory
Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Journal:
Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Issue Date:
Sep-2012
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaap.2012.04.003
Type:
Article
ISSN:
01652370
Sponsors:
The study was generously supported by Japan Cooperation Center, Petroleum, under the auspices of the Ministry of Economy, Trade & Industry, Japan.
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center; Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division; Chemical Science Program; Chemical and Biological Engineering Program

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSueyoshi, Marken
dc.contributor.authorAl-Maamari, Rashid S.en
dc.contributor.authorJibril, Baba Y.en
dc.contributor.authorTasaki, Masaharuen
dc.contributor.authorOkamura, Kazuoen
dc.contributor.authorKuwagaki, Hitoshien
dc.contributor.authorYahiro, Hidenorien
dc.contributor.authorSagata, Kunimasaen
dc.contributor.authorHan, Yuen
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T09:59:47Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T09:59:47Zen
dc.date.issued2012-09en
dc.identifier.issn01652370en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jaap.2012.04.003en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/562296en
dc.description.abstractTwo sets of adsorbents were prepared from locally available raw materials, characterized and tested. The first set consists of crushed natural attapulgite and crushed attapulgite mixed with petroleum tank-bottom sludge and carbonized at 650 °C. Another set was prepared using trunk of date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) activated at 700 and 800°C. Both sets were characterized using BET surface area and pore distributions, FTIR, XRD, SEM and TEM. Natural attapulgite and attapulgite/sludge composite exhibited different characteristics and adsorptive capacities for oil removal from oily water. Adsorptive capacities were calculated from the breakthrough curves of a column test. An oily water solution of about 500 mg-oil/L was passed through both the attapulgite and attapulgite/sludge columns until the column effluent concentration exceeded a reference limit of 10 mg-oil/L. Uptake was calculated at this limit at 155 and 405 mg-oil/g-adsorbent, respectively. This was lower than the performance of a commercial activated carbon sample (uptake calculated at 730 mg-oil/g-adsorbent). Relatively, the date palm, carbonaceous-based adsorbent samples showed less significant differences in both bulk and surface properties. Uptake significantly improved to 1330-1425 mg-oil/g-adsorbent. Attempt was made to associate this performance with the difference in the surface areas between the two sets. However, other factors are found to be important as the second set has a range of surface area less than that of the commercial sample. As evidenced by FTIR, XRD and TEM, the activated carbonaceous materials developed porous structures which form defective graphitic sheet ensembles that serve as additional adsorption sites in the sample. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe study was generously supported by Japan Cooperation Center, Petroleum, under the auspices of the Ministry of Economy, Trade & Industry, Japan.en
dc.publisherElsevier BVen
dc.subjectActivated carbonen
dc.subjectAttapulgiteen
dc.subjectDate palmen
dc.subjectOil adsorbenten
dc.subjectProduced wateren
dc.titlePreparation and characterization of adsorbents for treatment of water associated with oil productionen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentChemical and Biological Engineering Programen
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Divisionen
dc.contributor.departmentChemical Science Programen
dc.contributor.departmentAdvanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Centeren
dc.contributor.departmentNanostructured Functional Materials (NFM) laboratoryen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysisen
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Technology, Shimizu Corporation, 3-4-17 Etchujima, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-8530, Japanen
dc.contributor.institutionPetroleum and Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box 33, Al-Khoudh, PC 123, Omanen
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironmental Technique Service Company, 1319-1 Kokuhuhongou, Ooiso-mati, Naka-gun, Kanagawa-ken 259-0111, Japanen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Material Sciences and Biotechnology, Ehime University, Matsuyama 790-8577, Japanen
kaust.authorHan, Yuen
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