Restoration of Wadi Aquifers by Artificial Recharge with Treated Waste Water

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/562163
Title:
Restoration of Wadi Aquifers by Artificial Recharge with Treated Waste Water
Authors:
Missimer, Thomas M.; Drewes, Jörg E.; Amy, Gary L.; Maliva,, Robert G.; Keller, Stephanie
Abstract:
Fresh water resources within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are a rare and precious commodity that must be managed within a context of integrated water management. Wadi aquifers contain a high percentage of the naturally occurring fresh groundwater in the Kingdom. This resource is currently overused and has become depleted or contaminated at many locations. One resource that could be used to restore or enhance the fresh water resources within wadi aquifers is treated municipal waste water (reclaimed water). Each year about 80 percent of the country's treated municipal waste water is discharged to waste without any beneficial use. These discharges not only represent a lost water resource, but also create a number of adverse environmental impacts, such as damage to sensitive nearshore marine environments and creation of high-salinity interior surface water areas. An investigation of the hydrogeology of wadi aquifers in Saudi Arabia revealed that these aquifers can be used to develop aquifer recharge and recovery (ARR) systems that will be able to treat the impaired-quality water, store it until needed, and allow recovery of the water for transmittal to areas in demand. Full-engineered ARR systems can be designed at high capacities within wadi aquifer systems that can operate in concert with the natural role of wadis, while providing the required functions of additional treatment, storage and recovery of reclaimed water, while reducing the need to develop additional, energy-intensive desalination to meet new water supply demands. © 2012, The Author(s). Ground Water © 2012, National Ground Water Association.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC); Water Desalination & Reuse Research Cntr
Publisher:
Wiley
Journal:
Ground Water
Issue Date:
26-Apr-2012
DOI:
10.1111/j.1745-6584.2012.00941.x
PubMed ID:
22536878
Type:
Article
ISSN:
0017467X
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMissimer, Thomas M.en
dc.contributor.authorDrewes, Jörg E.en
dc.contributor.authorAmy, Gary L.en
dc.contributor.authorMaliva,, Robert G.en
dc.contributor.authorKeller, Stephanieen
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T09:46:15Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T09:46:15Zen
dc.date.issued2012-04-26en
dc.identifier.issn0017467Xen
dc.identifier.pmid22536878en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1745-6584.2012.00941.xen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/562163en
dc.description.abstractFresh water resources within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are a rare and precious commodity that must be managed within a context of integrated water management. Wadi aquifers contain a high percentage of the naturally occurring fresh groundwater in the Kingdom. This resource is currently overused and has become depleted or contaminated at many locations. One resource that could be used to restore or enhance the fresh water resources within wadi aquifers is treated municipal waste water (reclaimed water). Each year about 80 percent of the country's treated municipal waste water is discharged to waste without any beneficial use. These discharges not only represent a lost water resource, but also create a number of adverse environmental impacts, such as damage to sensitive nearshore marine environments and creation of high-salinity interior surface water areas. An investigation of the hydrogeology of wadi aquifers in Saudi Arabia revealed that these aquifers can be used to develop aquifer recharge and recovery (ARR) systems that will be able to treat the impaired-quality water, store it until needed, and allow recovery of the water for transmittal to areas in demand. Full-engineered ARR systems can be designed at high capacities within wadi aquifer systems that can operate in concert with the natural role of wadis, while providing the required functions of additional treatment, storage and recovery of reclaimed water, while reducing the need to develop additional, energy-intensive desalination to meet new water supply demands. © 2012, The Author(s). Ground Water © 2012, National Ground Water Association.en
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.titleRestoration of Wadi Aquifers by Artificial Recharge with Treated Waste Wateren
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination & Reuse Research Cntren
dc.identifier.journalGround Wateren
dc.contributor.institutionAdvanced Water Technology Center (AQWTEC), Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80403, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionSchlumberger Water Services, 1567 Hayley Lane, Suite 202, Fort Myers, FL 33907, United Statesen
kaust.authorMissimer, Thomas M.en
All Items in KAUST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.