Fruit cuticle lipid composition and fruit post-harvest water loss in an advanced backcross generation of pepper (Capsicum sp.)

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/562123
Title:
Fruit cuticle lipid composition and fruit post-harvest water loss in an advanced backcross generation of pepper (Capsicum sp.)
Authors:
Parsons, Eugene P.; Popopvsky, Sigal; Lohrey, Gregory T.; Lu, Shiyou; Alkalai-Tuvia, Sharon; Perzelan, Yaacov; Paran, Ilan; Fallik, Elazar; Jenks, Matthew A.
Abstract:
To understand the role of fruit cuticle lipid composition in fruit water loss, an advanced backcross population, the BC2F2, was created between the Capsicum annuum (PI1154) and the Capsicum chinense (USDA162), which have high and low post-harvest water loss rates, respectively. Besides dramatic differences in fruit water loss, preliminary studies also revealed that these parents exhibited significant differences in both the amount and composition of their fruit cuticle. Cuticle analysis of the BC2F2 fruit revealed that although water loss rate was not strongly associated with the total surface wax amount, there were significant correlations between water loss rate and cuticle composition. We found a positive correlation between water loss rate and the amount of total triterpenoid plus sterol compounds, and negative correlations between water loss and the alkane to triterpenoid plus sterol ratio. We also report negative correlations between water loss rate and the proportion of both alkanes and aliphatics to total surface wax amount. For the first time, we report significant correlations between water loss and cutin monomer composition. We found positive associations of water loss rate with the total cutin, total C16 monomers and 16-dihydroxy hexadecanoic acid. Our results support the hypothesis that simple straight-chain aliphatic cuticle constituents form more impermeable cuticular barriers than more complex isoprenoid-based compounds. These results shed new light on the biochemical basis for cuticle involvement in fruit water loss. © 2012 Physiologia Plantarum.
KAUST Department:
Center for Desert Agriculture; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Publisher:
Wiley
Journal:
Physiologia Plantarum
Issue Date:
5-Mar-2012
DOI:
10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01592.x
PubMed ID:
22309400
Type:
Article
ISSN:
00319317
Sponsors:
This research was funded by United States-Israel Bi-national Agricultural Research and Development Fund (BARD), number IS-4179-08-R.
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Center for Desert Agriculture; Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorParsons, Eugene P.en
dc.contributor.authorPopopvsky, Sigalen
dc.contributor.authorLohrey, Gregory T.en
dc.contributor.authorLu, Shiyouen
dc.contributor.authorAlkalai-Tuvia, Sharonen
dc.contributor.authorPerzelan, Yaacoven
dc.contributor.authorParan, Ilanen
dc.contributor.authorFallik, Elazaren
dc.contributor.authorJenks, Matthew A.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T09:45:21Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T09:45:21Zen
dc.date.issued2012-03-05en
dc.identifier.issn00319317en
dc.identifier.pmid22309400en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01592.xen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/562123en
dc.description.abstractTo understand the role of fruit cuticle lipid composition in fruit water loss, an advanced backcross population, the BC2F2, was created between the Capsicum annuum (PI1154) and the Capsicum chinense (USDA162), which have high and low post-harvest water loss rates, respectively. Besides dramatic differences in fruit water loss, preliminary studies also revealed that these parents exhibited significant differences in both the amount and composition of their fruit cuticle. Cuticle analysis of the BC2F2 fruit revealed that although water loss rate was not strongly associated with the total surface wax amount, there were significant correlations between water loss rate and cuticle composition. We found a positive correlation between water loss rate and the amount of total triterpenoid plus sterol compounds, and negative correlations between water loss and the alkane to triterpenoid plus sterol ratio. We also report negative correlations between water loss rate and the proportion of both alkanes and aliphatics to total surface wax amount. For the first time, we report significant correlations between water loss and cutin monomer composition. We found positive associations of water loss rate with the total cutin, total C16 monomers and 16-dihydroxy hexadecanoic acid. Our results support the hypothesis that simple straight-chain aliphatic cuticle constituents form more impermeable cuticular barriers than more complex isoprenoid-based compounds. These results shed new light on the biochemical basis for cuticle involvement in fruit water loss. © 2012 Physiologia Plantarum.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by United States-Israel Bi-national Agricultural Research and Development Fund (BARD), number IS-4179-08-R.en
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.titleFruit cuticle lipid composition and fruit post-harvest water loss in an advanced backcross generation of pepper (Capsicum sp.)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentCenter for Desert Agricultureen
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Divisionen
dc.identifier.journalPhysiologia Plantarumen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Horticulture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionAgricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center (ARO), Bet Dagan, 50250, Israelen
dc.contributor.institutionUS Arid Land Agricultural Research Center, Maricopa, AZ 85138, United Statesen
kaust.authorLu, Shiyouen

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