Technology development and application of solar energy in desalination: MEDRC contribution

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/561946
Title:
Technology development and application of solar energy in desalination: MEDRC contribution
Authors:
Ghaffour, Noreddine ( 0000-0003-2095-4736 ) ; Reddy, V. K.; Abu-Arabi, Mousa K.
Abstract:
Desalination has become one of the sources for water supply in several countries especially in the Middle East and North Africa region. There is a great potential to develop solar desalination technologies especially in this region where solar source is abundantly available. The success in implementing solar technologies in desalination at a commercial scale depends on the improvements to convert solar energy into electrical and/or thermal energies economically as desalination processes need these types of energies. Since desalination is energy intensive, the wider use of solar technologies in desalination will eventually increase the demand on these technologies, making it possible to go for mass production of photovoltaic (PV) cells, collectors and solar thermal power plants. This would ultimately lead to the reduction in the costs of these technologies. The energy consumed by desalination processes has been significantly reduced in the last decade meaning that, if solar technologies are to be used, less PV modules and area for collectors would be needed. The main aspects to be addressed to make solar desalination a viable option in remote location applications is to develop new materials or improve existing solar collectors and find the best combinations to couple the different desalination processes with appropriate solar collector. In the objective to promote solar desalination in MENA, the Middle East Desalination Research Center has concentrated on various aspects of solar desalination in the last twelve years by sponsoring 17 research projects on different technologies and Software packages development for coupling desalination and renewable energy systems to address the limitations of solar desalination and develop new desalination technologies and hybrid systems suitable for remote areas. A brief description of some of these projects is highlighted in this paper. The full details of all these projects are available the Centers website. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Publisher:
Elsevier
Journal:
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Issue Date:
Dec-2011
DOI:
10.1016/j.rser.2011.06.017
Type:
Article
ISSN:
13640321
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGhaffour, Noreddineen
dc.contributor.authorReddy, V. K.en
dc.contributor.authorAbu-Arabi, Mousa K.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-03T09:34:43Zen
dc.date.available2015-08-03T09:34:43Zen
dc.date.issued2011-12en
dc.identifier.issn13640321en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.rser.2011.06.017en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/561946en
dc.description.abstractDesalination has become one of the sources for water supply in several countries especially in the Middle East and North Africa region. There is a great potential to develop solar desalination technologies especially in this region where solar source is abundantly available. The success in implementing solar technologies in desalination at a commercial scale depends on the improvements to convert solar energy into electrical and/or thermal energies economically as desalination processes need these types of energies. Since desalination is energy intensive, the wider use of solar technologies in desalination will eventually increase the demand on these technologies, making it possible to go for mass production of photovoltaic (PV) cells, collectors and solar thermal power plants. This would ultimately lead to the reduction in the costs of these technologies. The energy consumed by desalination processes has been significantly reduced in the last decade meaning that, if solar technologies are to be used, less PV modules and area for collectors would be needed. The main aspects to be addressed to make solar desalination a viable option in remote location applications is to develop new materials or improve existing solar collectors and find the best combinations to couple the different desalination processes with appropriate solar collector. In the objective to promote solar desalination in MENA, the Middle East Desalination Research Center has concentrated on various aspects of solar desalination in the last twelve years by sponsoring 17 research projects on different technologies and Software packages development for coupling desalination and renewable energy systems to address the limitations of solar desalination and develop new desalination technologies and hybrid systems suitable for remote areas. A brief description of some of these projects is highlighted in this paper. The full details of all these projects are available the Centers website. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.subjectDesalinationen
dc.subjectMEDRCen
dc.subjectRemote areasen
dc.subjectSolar energyen
dc.subjectTechnology developmenten
dc.titleTechnology development and application of solar energy in desalination: MEDRC contributionen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.identifier.journalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviewsen
dc.contributor.institutionMiddle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC), Omanen
dc.contributor.institutionJordan University of Science and Technology (JUST), Jordanen
kaust.authorGhaffour, Noreddineen
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