Blow-off characteristics of turbulent premixed flames in curved-wall Jet Burner

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/561267
Title:
Blow-off characteristics of turbulent premixed flames in curved-wall Jet Burner
Authors:
Mansour, Morkous S. ( 0000-0002-5002-1403 ) ; Mannaa, O.; Chung, Suk-Ho ( 0000-0001-8782-312X )
Abstract:
This study concerns the flame dynamics of a curved-wall jet (CWJ) stabilized turbulent premixed flame as it approaches blow-off conditions. Time resolved OH planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) delineated reaction zone contours and simultaneously stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (SPIV) quantified the turbulent flow field features. Ethylene/air flames were stabilized in CWJ burner to determine the sequence of events leading to blowoff. For stably burning flames far from blowoff, flames are characterized with a recirculation zone (RZ) upstream for flame stabilization followed by an intense turbulent interaction jet (IJ) and merged-jet regions downstream; the flame front counterparts the shear layer vortices. Near blowoff, as the velocity of reactants increases, high local stretch rates exceed the extinction stretch rates instantaneously resulting in localized flame extinction along the IJ region. As Reynolds number (Re) increases, flames become shorter and are entrained by larger amounts of cold reactants. The increased strain rates together with heat loss effects result in further fragmentation of the flame, eventually leading to the complete quenching of the flame. This is explained in terms of local turbulent Karlovitz stretch factor (K) and principal flow strain rates associated with C contours. Hydrogen addition and increasing the RZ size lessen the tendency of flames to be locally extinguished.
KAUST Department:
Clean Combustion Research Center
Journal:
25th ICDER
Conference/Event name:
25th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems (ICDERS)
Issue Date:
2-Aug-2015
Type:
Conference Paper
Sponsors:
DNVGL, Photron, Shell global, Syngenta
Additional Links:
http://www.engineering.leeds.ac.uk/short-courses/ICDERS/documents/ICDERS_0089.pdf
Appears in Collections:
Conference Papers; Clean Combustion Research Center

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMansour, Morkous S.en
dc.contributor.authorMannaa, O.en
dc.contributor.authorChung, Suk-Hoen
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-30T14:24:28Zen
dc.date.available2015-07-30T14:24:28Zen
dc.date.issued2015-08-02en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/561267en
dc.description.abstractThis study concerns the flame dynamics of a curved-wall jet (CWJ) stabilized turbulent premixed flame as it approaches blow-off conditions. Time resolved OH planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) delineated reaction zone contours and simultaneously stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (SPIV) quantified the turbulent flow field features. Ethylene/air flames were stabilized in CWJ burner to determine the sequence of events leading to blowoff. For stably burning flames far from blowoff, flames are characterized with a recirculation zone (RZ) upstream for flame stabilization followed by an intense turbulent interaction jet (IJ) and merged-jet regions downstream; the flame front counterparts the shear layer vortices. Near blowoff, as the velocity of reactants increases, high local stretch rates exceed the extinction stretch rates instantaneously resulting in localized flame extinction along the IJ region. As Reynolds number (Re) increases, flames become shorter and are entrained by larger amounts of cold reactants. The increased strain rates together with heat loss effects result in further fragmentation of the flame, eventually leading to the complete quenching of the flame. This is explained in terms of local turbulent Karlovitz stretch factor (K) and principal flow strain rates associated with C contours. Hydrogen addition and increasing the RZ size lessen the tendency of flames to be locally extinguished.en
dc.description.sponsorshipDNVGL, Photron, Shell global, Syngentaen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.engineering.leeds.ac.uk/short-courses/ICDERS/documents/ICDERS_0089.pdfen
dc.titleBlow-off characteristics of turbulent premixed flames in curved-wall Jet Burneren
dc.typeConference Paperen
dc.contributor.departmentClean Combustion Research Centeren
dc.identifier.journal25th ICDERen
dc.conference.dateAugust 2–7, 2015en
dc.conference.name25th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems (ICDERS)en
dc.conference.locationLeeds, UKen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypten
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