Complex Macromolecular Architectures by Living Cationic Polymerization

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/555581
Title:
Complex Macromolecular Architectures by Living Cationic Polymerization
Authors:
Alghamdi, Reem D. ( 0000-0002-6749-7344 )
Abstract:
Poly (vinyl ether)-based graft polymers have been synthesized by the combination of living cationic polymerization of vinyl ethers with other living or controlled/ living polymerization techniques (anionic and ATRP). The process involves the synthesis of well-defined homopolymers (PnBVE) and co/terpolymers [PnBVE-b-PCEVE-b-PSiDEGVE (ABC type) and PSiDEGVE-b-PnBVE-b-PSiDEGVE (CAC type)] by sequential living cationic polymerization of n-butyl vinyl ether (nBVE), 2-chloroethyl vinyl ether (CEVE) and tert-butyldimethylsilyl ethylene glycol vinyl ether (SiDEGVE), using mono-functional {[n-butoxyethyl acetate (nBEA)], [1-(2-chloroethoxy) ethyl acetate (CEEA)], [1-(2-(2-(t-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethoxy) ethoxy) ethyl acetate (SiDEGEA)]} or di-functional [1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol di(1-ethyl acetate) (cHMDEA), (VEMOA)] initiators. The living cationic polymerizations of those monomers were conducted in hexane at -20 0C using Et3Al2Cl3 (catalyst) in the presence of 1 M AcOEt base.[1] The PCEVE segments of the synthesized block terpolymers were then used to react with living macroanions (PS-DPE-Li; poly styrene diphenyl ethylene lithium) to afford graft polymers. The quantitative desilylation of PSiDEGVE segments by n-Bu4N+F- in THF at 0 °C led to graft co- and terpolymers in which the polyalcohol is the outer block. These co-/terpolymers were subsequently subjected to “grafting-from” reactions by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of styrene to afford more complex macromolecular architectures. The base assisted living cationic polymerization of vinyl ethers were also used to synthesize well-defined α-hydroxyl polyvinylether (PnBVE-OH). The resulting polymers were then modified into an ATRP macro-initiator for the synthesis of well-defined block copolymers (PnBVE-b-PS). Bifunctional PnBVE with terminal malonate groups was also synthesized and used as a precursor for more complex architectures such as H-shaped block copolymer by “grafting-from” or “grafting-onto” methodologies, which yielding in well-defined PVEs segments with control Mn(GPC) = [VE]/[initiator] and narrow MWDs.
Advisors:
Hadjichristidis, Nikolaos ( 0000-0003-1442-1714 )
Committee Member:
Nunes, Suzana ( 0000-0002-3669-138X ) ; Cavallo, Luigi ( 0000-0002-1398-338X )
KAUST Department:
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Program:
Chemical Sciences
Issue Date:
May-2015
Type:
Thesis
Appears in Collections:
Theses; Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division; Chemical Science Program

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorHadjichristidis, Nikolaosen
dc.contributor.authorAlghamdi, Reem D.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-05-24T09:51:31Zen
dc.date.available2015-05-24T09:51:31Zen
dc.date.issued2015-05en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/555581en
dc.description.abstractPoly (vinyl ether)-based graft polymers have been synthesized by the combination of living cationic polymerization of vinyl ethers with other living or controlled/ living polymerization techniques (anionic and ATRP). The process involves the synthesis of well-defined homopolymers (PnBVE) and co/terpolymers [PnBVE-b-PCEVE-b-PSiDEGVE (ABC type) and PSiDEGVE-b-PnBVE-b-PSiDEGVE (CAC type)] by sequential living cationic polymerization of n-butyl vinyl ether (nBVE), 2-chloroethyl vinyl ether (CEVE) and tert-butyldimethylsilyl ethylene glycol vinyl ether (SiDEGVE), using mono-functional {[n-butoxyethyl acetate (nBEA)], [1-(2-chloroethoxy) ethyl acetate (CEEA)], [1-(2-(2-(t-butyldimethylsilyloxy)ethoxy) ethoxy) ethyl acetate (SiDEGEA)]} or di-functional [1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol di(1-ethyl acetate) (cHMDEA), (VEMOA)] initiators. The living cationic polymerizations of those monomers were conducted in hexane at -20 0C using Et3Al2Cl3 (catalyst) in the presence of 1 M AcOEt base.[1] The PCEVE segments of the synthesized block terpolymers were then used to react with living macroanions (PS-DPE-Li; poly styrene diphenyl ethylene lithium) to afford graft polymers. The quantitative desilylation of PSiDEGVE segments by n-Bu4N+F- in THF at 0 °C led to graft co- and terpolymers in which the polyalcohol is the outer block. These co-/terpolymers were subsequently subjected to “grafting-from” reactions by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of styrene to afford more complex macromolecular architectures. The base assisted living cationic polymerization of vinyl ethers were also used to synthesize well-defined α-hydroxyl polyvinylether (PnBVE-OH). The resulting polymers were then modified into an ATRP macro-initiator for the synthesis of well-defined block copolymers (PnBVE-b-PS). Bifunctional PnBVE with terminal malonate groups was also synthesized and used as a precursor for more complex architectures such as H-shaped block copolymer by “grafting-from” or “grafting-onto” methodologies, which yielding in well-defined PVEs segments with control Mn(GPC) = [VE]/[initiator] and narrow MWDs.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectbase-assisteden
dc.subjectliving cationicen
dc.subjectCross-Linkeden
dc.subjectn-butyl vinyl etheren
dc.subjectdesilylationen
dc.subjectpunctionalizationen
dc.titleComplex Macromolecular Architectures by Living Cationic Polymerizationen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Divisionen
thesis.degree.grantorKing Abdullah University of Science and Technologyen_GB
dc.contributor.committeememberNunes, Suzanaen
dc.contributor.committeememberCavallo, Luigien
thesis.degree.disciplineChemical Sciencesen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
dc.person.id128326en
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