Environmental and Public Health Implications of Water Reuse: Antibiotics, Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, and Antibiotic Resistance Genes

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/550664
Title:
Environmental and Public Health Implications of Water Reuse: Antibiotics, Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, and Antibiotic Resistance Genes
Authors:
Hong, Pei-Ying ( 0000-0002-4474-6600 ) ; Aljassim, Nada I. ( 0000-0002-7667-2685 ) ; Ansari, Mohd Ikram ( 0000-0001-7678-4639 ) ; Mackie, Roderick
Abstract:
Water scarcity is a global problem, and is particularly acute in certain regions like Africa, the Middle East, as well as the western states of America. A breakdown on water usage revealed that 70% of freshwater supplies are used for agricultural irrigation. The use of reclaimed water as an alternative water source for agricultural irrigation would greatly alleviate the demand on freshwater sources. This paradigm shift is gaining momentum in several water scarce countries like Saudi Arabia. However, microbial problems associated with reclaimed water may hinder the use of reclaimed water for agricultural irrigation. Of particular concern is that the occurrence of antibiotic residues in the reclaimed water can select for antibiotic resistance genes among the microbial community. Antibiotic resistance genes can be associated with mobile genetic elements, which in turn allow a promiscuous transfer of resistance traits from one bacterium to another. Together with the pathogens that are present in the reclaimed water, antibiotic resistant bacteria can potentially exchange mobile genetic elements to create the “perfect microbial storm”. Given the significance of this issue, a deeper understanding of the occurrence of antibiotics in reclaimed water, and their potential influence on the selection of resistant microorganisms would be essential. In this review paper, we collated literature over the past two decades to determine the occurrence of antibiotics in municipal wastewater and livestock manure. We then discuss how these antibiotic resistant bacteria may impose a potential microbial risk to the environment and public health, and the knowledge gaps that would have to be addressed in future studies. Overall, the collation of the literature in wastewater treatment and agriculture serves to frame and identify potential concerns with respect to antibiotics, antibiotic resistant bacteria, and antibiotic resistance genes in reclaimed water.
KAUST Department:
Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Citation:
Environmental and Public Health Implications of Water Reuse: Antibiotics, Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, and Antibiotic Resistance Genes 2013, 2 (3):367 Antibiotics
Publisher:
MDPI
Journal:
Antibiotics
Issue Date:
31-Jul-2013
DOI:
10.3390/antibiotics2030367
Type:
Article
ISSN:
2079-6382
Additional Links:
http://www.mdpi.com/2079-6382/2/3/367/
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Environmental Science and Engineering Program; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHong, Pei-Yingen
dc.contributor.authorAljassim, Nada I.en
dc.contributor.authorAnsari, Mohd Ikramen
dc.contributor.authorMackie, Rodericken
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-26T14:21:58Zen
dc.date.available2015-04-26T14:21:58Zen
dc.date.issued2013-07-31en
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental and Public Health Implications of Water Reuse: Antibiotics, Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, and Antibiotic Resistance Genes 2013, 2 (3):367 Antibioticsen
dc.identifier.issn2079-6382en
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/antibiotics2030367en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/550664en
dc.description.abstractWater scarcity is a global problem, and is particularly acute in certain regions like Africa, the Middle East, as well as the western states of America. A breakdown on water usage revealed that 70% of freshwater supplies are used for agricultural irrigation. The use of reclaimed water as an alternative water source for agricultural irrigation would greatly alleviate the demand on freshwater sources. This paradigm shift is gaining momentum in several water scarce countries like Saudi Arabia. However, microbial problems associated with reclaimed water may hinder the use of reclaimed water for agricultural irrigation. Of particular concern is that the occurrence of antibiotic residues in the reclaimed water can select for antibiotic resistance genes among the microbial community. Antibiotic resistance genes can be associated with mobile genetic elements, which in turn allow a promiscuous transfer of resistance traits from one bacterium to another. Together with the pathogens that are present in the reclaimed water, antibiotic resistant bacteria can potentially exchange mobile genetic elements to create the “perfect microbial storm”. Given the significance of this issue, a deeper understanding of the occurrence of antibiotics in reclaimed water, and their potential influence on the selection of resistant microorganisms would be essential. In this review paper, we collated literature over the past two decades to determine the occurrence of antibiotics in municipal wastewater and livestock manure. We then discuss how these antibiotic resistant bacteria may impose a potential microbial risk to the environment and public health, and the knowledge gaps that would have to be addressed in future studies. Overall, the collation of the literature in wastewater treatment and agriculture serves to frame and identify potential concerns with respect to antibiotics, antibiotic resistant bacteria, and antibiotic resistance genes in reclaimed water.en
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.mdpi.com/2079-6382/2/3/367/en
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectantibioticsen
dc.subjectwater reuseen
dc.subjectantibiotic resistant bacteriaen
dc.subjectmanure-applied soilen
dc.subjectlivestock manureen
dc.subjectmunicipal wastewateren
dc.titleEnvironmental and Public Health Implications of Water Reuse: Antibiotics, Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, and Antibiotic Resistance Genesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Programen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.identifier.journalAntibioticsen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USAen
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USAen
kaust.authorHong, Pei-Yingen
kaust.authorAljassim, Nada I.en
kaust.authorAnsari, Mohd Ikramen
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