Plastic Accumulation in the Mediterranean Sea

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/348469
Title:
Plastic Accumulation in the Mediterranean Sea
Authors:
Cózar, Andrés; Sanz-Martín, Marina; Martí, Elisa; González-Gordillo, J. Ignacio; Ubeda, Bárbara; Gálvez, José Á.; Irigoien, Xabier ( 0000-0002-5411-6741 ) ; Duarte, Carlos M. ( 0000-0002-1213-1361 )
Abstract:
Concentrations of floating plastic were measured throughout the Mediterranean Sea to assess whether this basin can be regarded as a great accumulation region of plastic debris. We found that the average density of plastic (1 item per 4 m2), as well as its frequency of occurrence (100% of the sites sampled), are comparable to the accumulation zones described for the five subtropical ocean gyres. Plastic debris in the Mediterranean surface waters was dominated by millimeter-sized fragments, but showed a higher proportion of large plastic objects than that present in oceanic gyres, reflecting the closer connection with pollution sources. The accumulation of floating plastic in the Mediterranean Sea (between 1,000 and 3,000 tons) is likely related to the high human pressure together with the hydrodynamics of this semi-enclosed basin, with outflow mainly occurring through a deep water layer. Given the biological richness and concentration of economic activities in the Mediterranean Sea, the affects of plastic pollution on marine and human life are expected to be particularly frequent in this plastic accumulation region.
KAUST Department:
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Citation:
Plastic Accumulation in the Mediterranean Sea 2015, 10 (4):e0121762 PLOS ONE
Publisher:
Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Journal:
PLoS ONE
Issue Date:
1-Apr-2015
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0121762
PubMed ID:
25831129
PubMed Central ID:
PMC4382178
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1932-6203
Additional Links:
http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121762
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCózar, Andrésen
dc.contributor.authorSanz-Martín, Marinaen
dc.contributor.authorMartí, Elisaen
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Gordillo, J. Ignacioen
dc.contributor.authorUbeda, Bárbaraen
dc.contributor.authorGálvez, José Á.en
dc.contributor.authorIrigoien, Xabieren
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-02T13:40:00Zen
dc.date.available2015-04-02T13:40:00Zen
dc.date.issued2015-04-01en
dc.identifier.citationPlastic Accumulation in the Mediterranean Sea 2015, 10 (4):e0121762 PLOS ONEen
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en
dc.identifier.pmid25831129en
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0121762en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/348469en
dc.description.abstractConcentrations of floating plastic were measured throughout the Mediterranean Sea to assess whether this basin can be regarded as a great accumulation region of plastic debris. We found that the average density of plastic (1 item per 4 m2), as well as its frequency of occurrence (100% of the sites sampled), are comparable to the accumulation zones described for the five subtropical ocean gyres. Plastic debris in the Mediterranean surface waters was dominated by millimeter-sized fragments, but showed a higher proportion of large plastic objects than that present in oceanic gyres, reflecting the closer connection with pollution sources. The accumulation of floating plastic in the Mediterranean Sea (between 1,000 and 3,000 tons) is likely related to the high human pressure together with the hydrodynamics of this semi-enclosed basin, with outflow mainly occurring through a deep water layer. Given the biological richness and concentration of economic activities in the Mediterranean Sea, the affects of plastic pollution on marine and human life are expected to be particularly frequent in this plastic accumulation region.en
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)en
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121762en
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.titlePlastic Accumulation in the Mediterranean Seaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.identifier.journalPLoS ONEen
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC4382178en
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Ambientales, Universidad de Cádiz, Campus de Excelencia Internacional del Mar, E-11510, Puerto Real, Spainen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Global Change Research, IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados, Miquel Marqués 21, 07190, Esporles, Spainen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartament de Geologia Dinàmica, Geofísica i Paleontologia, Facultat de Geologia, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028, Barcelona, Spainen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorIrigoien, Xabieren
kaust.authorDuarte, Carlos M.en

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