Monsoon oscillations regulate fertility of the Red Sea

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/347005
Title:
Monsoon oscillations regulate fertility of the Red Sea
Authors:
Raitsos, Dionysios E.; Yi, Xing ( 0000-0002-0380-6910 ) ; Platt, Trevor; Racault, Marie-Fanny; Brewin, Robert J. W.; Pradhan, Yaswant; Papadopoulos, Vassilis P.; Sathyendranath, Shubha; Hoteit, Ibrahim ( 0000-0002-3751-4393 )
Abstract:
Tropical ocean ecosystems are predicted to become warmer, more saline, and less fertile in a future Earth. The Red Sea, one of the warmest and most saline environments in the world, may afford insights into the function of the tropical ocean ecosystem in a changing planet. We show that the concentration of chlorophyll and the duration of the phytoplankton growing season in the Red Sea are controlled by the strength of the winter Arabian monsoon (through horizontal advection of fertile waters from the Indian Ocean). Furthermore, and contrary to expectation, in the last decade (1998-2010) the winter Red Sea phytoplankton biomass has increased by 75% during prolonged positive phases of the Multivariate El Niño-Southern Oscillation Index. A new mechanism is reported, revealing the synergy of monsoon and climate in regulating Red Sea greenness. © 2015 The Authors.
KAUST Department:
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology; Thuwal Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; King Abdullah University of Science and Technology; Thuwal Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Citation:
Monsoon oscillations regulate fertility of the Red Sea 2015, 42 (3):855 Geophysical Research Letters
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Journal:
Geophysical Research Letters
Issue Date:
16-Feb-2015
DOI:
10.1002/2014GL062882
Type:
Article
ISSN:
00948276
Additional Links:
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014GL062882
Appears in Collections:
Articles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorRaitsos, Dionysios E.en
dc.contributor.authorYi, Xingen
dc.contributor.authorPlatt, Trevoren
dc.contributor.authorRacault, Marie-Fannyen
dc.contributor.authorBrewin, Robert J. W.en
dc.contributor.authorPradhan, Yaswanten
dc.contributor.authorPapadopoulos, Vassilis P.en
dc.contributor.authorSathyendranath, Shubhaen
dc.contributor.authorHoteit, Ibrahimen
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-23T11:14:03Zen
dc.date.available2015-03-23T11:14:03Zen
dc.date.issued2015-02-16en
dc.identifier.citationMonsoon oscillations regulate fertility of the Red Sea 2015, 42 (3):855 Geophysical Research Lettersen
dc.identifier.issn00948276en
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/2014GL062882en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/347005en
dc.description.abstractTropical ocean ecosystems are predicted to become warmer, more saline, and less fertile in a future Earth. The Red Sea, one of the warmest and most saline environments in the world, may afford insights into the function of the tropical ocean ecosystem in a changing planet. We show that the concentration of chlorophyll and the duration of the phytoplankton growing season in the Red Sea are controlled by the strength of the winter Arabian monsoon (through horizontal advection of fertile waters from the Indian Ocean). Furthermore, and contrary to expectation, in the last decade (1998-2010) the winter Red Sea phytoplankton biomass has increased by 75% during prolonged positive phases of the Multivariate El Niño-Southern Oscillation Index. A new mechanism is reported, revealing the synergy of monsoon and climate in regulating Red Sea greenness. © 2015 The Authors.en
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unionen
dc.relation.urlhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/2014GL062882en
dc.rightsThis is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.en
dc.titleMonsoon oscillations regulate fertility of the Red Seaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology; Thuwal Kingdom of Saudi Arabiaen
dc.contributor.departmentKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology; Thuwal Kingdom of Saudi Arabiaen
dc.identifier.journalGeophysical Research Lettersen
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UKen
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UKen
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UKen
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UKen
dc.contributor.institutionMet Office; Exeter UKen
dc.contributor.institutionHellenic Centre for Marine Research; Anavissos Greeceen
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory; Plymouth UKen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorYi, Xingen
kaust.authorHoteit, Ibrahimen
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