Managed aquifer recharge (MAR) economics for wastewater reuse in low population wadi communities, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/334555
Title:
Managed aquifer recharge (MAR) economics for wastewater reuse in low population wadi communities, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Authors:
Missimer, T.M.; Maliva, R.G.; Ghaffour, Noreddine ( 0000-0003-2095-4736 ) ; Leiknes, TorOve ( 0000-0003-4046-5622 ) ; Amy, Gary L.
Abstract:
Depletion of water supplies for potable and irrigation use is a major problem in the rural wadi valleys of Saudi Arabia and other areas of the Middle East and North Africa. An economic analysis of supplying these villages with either desalinated seawater or treated wastewater conveyed via a managed aquifer recharge (MAR) system was conducted. In many cases, there are no local sources of water supply of any quality in the wadi valleys. The cost per cubic meter for supplying desalinated water is $2-5/m3 plus conveyance cost, and treated wastewater via an MAR system is $0-0.50/m3 plus conveyance cost. The wastewater reuse, indirect for potable use and direct use for irrigation, can have a zero treatment cost because it is discharged to waste in many locations. In fact, the economic loss caused by the wastewater discharge to the marine environment can be greater than the overall amortized cost to construct an MAR system, including conveyance pipelines and the operational costs of reuse in the rural environment. The MAR and associated reuse system can solve the rural water supply problem in the wadi valleys and reduce the economic losses caused by marine pollution, particularly coral reef destruction. 2014 by the authors.
KAUST Department:
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Citation:
Missimer T, Maliva R, Ghaffour N, Leiknes T, Amy G (2014) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Economics for Wastewater Reuse in Low Population Wadi Communities, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Water 6: 2322-2338. doi:10.3390/w6082322.
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Journal:
Water
Issue Date:
7-Aug-2014
DOI:
10.3390/w6082322
Type:
Article
ISSN:
20734441
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMissimer, T.M.en
dc.contributor.authorMaliva, R.G.en
dc.contributor.authorGhaffour, Noreddineen
dc.contributor.authorLeiknes, TorOveen
dc.contributor.authorAmy, Gary L.en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-11T14:29:29Z-
dc.date.available2014-11-11T14:29:29Z-
dc.date.issued2014-08-07en
dc.identifier.citationMissimer T, Maliva R, Ghaffour N, Leiknes T, Amy G (2014) Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Economics for Wastewater Reuse in Low Population Wadi Communities, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Water 6: 2322-2338. doi:10.3390/w6082322.en
dc.identifier.issn20734441en
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/w6082322en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/334555en
dc.description.abstractDepletion of water supplies for potable and irrigation use is a major problem in the rural wadi valleys of Saudi Arabia and other areas of the Middle East and North Africa. An economic analysis of supplying these villages with either desalinated seawater or treated wastewater conveyed via a managed aquifer recharge (MAR) system was conducted. In many cases, there are no local sources of water supply of any quality in the wadi valleys. The cost per cubic meter for supplying desalinated water is $2-5/m3 plus conveyance cost, and treated wastewater via an MAR system is $0-0.50/m3 plus conveyance cost. The wastewater reuse, indirect for potable use and direct use for irrigation, can have a zero treatment cost because it is discharged to waste in many locations. In fact, the economic loss caused by the wastewater discharge to the marine environment can be greater than the overall amortized cost to construct an MAR system, including conveyance pipelines and the operational costs of reuse in the rural environment. The MAR and associated reuse system can solve the rural water supply problem in the wadi valleys and reduce the economic losses caused by marine pollution, particularly coral reef destruction. 2014 by the authors.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPI AGen
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Water (Switzerland)en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/en
dc.subjectArid landsen
dc.subjectDesalinationen
dc.subjectManaged aquifer rechargeen
dc.subjectWadi aquifersen
dc.subjectWastewater reuseen
dc.subjectWater economicsen
dc.subjectAquifersen
dc.subjectCostsen
dc.subjectEconomic analysisen
dc.subjectHydrogeologyen
dc.subjectIrrigationen
dc.subjectLandformsen
dc.subjectLossesen
dc.subjectMarine pollutionen
dc.subjectRecharging (underground waters)en
dc.subjectRural areasen
dc.subjectWastewater treatmenten
dc.subjectWater conservationen
dc.subjectWater filtrationen
dc.subjectWater supplyen
dc.subjectKingdom of Saudi Arabiaen
dc.subjectManaged aquifer rechargesen
dc.subjectMarine environmenten
dc.subjectMiddle East and North Africaen
dc.subjectRural water supplyen
dc.subjectWastewater dischargeen
dc.subjectWastewater reclamationen
dc.subjectaquiferen
dc.subjectarid regionen
dc.subjectcost-benefit analysisen
dc.subjectdesalinationen
dc.subjectdrinking wateren
dc.subjectgroundwater resourceen
dc.subjectpollution controlen
dc.subjectrechargeen
dc.subjectrecyclingen
dc.subjectrural areaen
dc.subjectwastewateren
dc.subjectwater economicsen
dc.subjectwater managementen
dc.subjectwater supplyen
dc.subjectSaudi Arabiaen
dc.subjectAnthozoaen
dc.titleManaged aquifer recharge (MAR) economics for wastewater reuse in low population wadi communities, Kingdom of Saudi Arabiaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)en
dc.identifier.journalWateren
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionU.A. Whitaker College of Engineering, Florida Gulf Coast University, 10501 FGCU Boulevard South, Fort Myers, FL 33965-6565, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionSchlumberger Water Services, 1567 Hayley Lane, Suite 202, Fort Myers, FL 33907, United Statesen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorGhaffour, Noreddineen
kaust.authorLeiknes, TorOveen
kaust.authorAmy, Gary L.en
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