Reef-fidelity and migration of tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, across the coral sea

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/325331
Title:
Reef-fidelity and migration of tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, across the coral sea
Authors:
Werry, Jonathan M.; Planes, Serge; Berumen, Michael L. ( 0000-0003-2463-2742 ) ; Lee, Kate A.; Braun, Camrin D. ( 0000-0002-9317-9489 ) ; Clua, Eric
Abstract:
Knowledge of the habitat use and migration patterns of large sharks is important for assessing the effectiveness of large predator Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), vulnerability to fisheries and environmental influences, and management of shark-human interactions. Here we compare movement, reef-fidelity, and ocean migration for tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, across the Coral Sea, with an emphasis on New Caledonia. Thirty-three tiger sharks (1.54 to 3.9 m total length) were tagged with passive acoustic transmitters and their localised movements monitored on receiver arrays in New Caledonia, the Chesterfield and Lord Howe Islands in the Coral Sea, and the east coast of Queensland, Australia. Satellite tags were also used to determine habitat use and movements among habitats across the Coral Sea. Sub-adults and one male adult tiger shark displayed year-round residency in the Chesterfields with two females tagged in the Chesterfields and detected on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, after 591 and 842 days respectively. In coastal barrier reefs, tiger sharks were transient at acoustic arrays and each individual demonstrated a unique pattern of occurrence. From 2009 to 2013, fourteen sharks with satellite and acoustic tags undertook wide-ranging movements up to 1114 km across the Coral Sea with eight detected back on acoustic arrays up to 405 days after being tagged. Tiger sharks dove 1136 m and utilised three-dimensional activity spaces averaged at 2360 km3. The Chesterfield Islands appear to be important habitat for sub-adults and adult male tiger sharks. Management strategies need to consider the wide-ranging movements of large (sub-adult and adult) male and female tiger sharks at the individual level, whereas fidelity to specific coastal reefs may be consistent across groups of individuals. Coastal barrier reef MPAs, however, only afford brief protection for large tiger sharks, therefore determining the importance of other oceanic Coral Sea reefs should be a priority for future research. © 2014 Werry et al.
KAUST Department:
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Citation:
Werry JM, Planes S, Berumen ML, Lee KA, Braun CD, et al. (2014) Reef-Fidelity and Migration of Tiger Sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, across the Coral Sea. PLoS ONE 9: e83249. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083249.
Publisher:
Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Journal:
PLoS ONE
Issue Date:
8-Jan-2014
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0083249
PubMed ID:
24421879
PubMed Central ID:
PMC3885424
Type:
Article
ISSN:
19326203
Appears in Collections:
Articles; Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWerry, Jonathan M.en
dc.contributor.authorPlanes, Sergeen
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
dc.contributor.authorLee, Kate A.en
dc.contributor.authorBraun, Camrin D.en
dc.contributor.authorClua, Ericen
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-27T09:47:26Zen
dc.date.available2014-08-27T09:47:26Zen
dc.date.issued2014-01-08en
dc.identifier.citationWerry JM, Planes S, Berumen ML, Lee KA, Braun CD, et al. (2014) Reef-Fidelity and Migration of Tiger Sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, across the Coral Sea. PLoS ONE 9: e83249. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083249.en
dc.identifier.issn19326203en
dc.identifier.pmid24421879en
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0083249en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/325331en
dc.description.abstractKnowledge of the habitat use and migration patterns of large sharks is important for assessing the effectiveness of large predator Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), vulnerability to fisheries and environmental influences, and management of shark-human interactions. Here we compare movement, reef-fidelity, and ocean migration for tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, across the Coral Sea, with an emphasis on New Caledonia. Thirty-three tiger sharks (1.54 to 3.9 m total length) were tagged with passive acoustic transmitters and their localised movements monitored on receiver arrays in New Caledonia, the Chesterfield and Lord Howe Islands in the Coral Sea, and the east coast of Queensland, Australia. Satellite tags were also used to determine habitat use and movements among habitats across the Coral Sea. Sub-adults and one male adult tiger shark displayed year-round residency in the Chesterfields with two females tagged in the Chesterfields and detected on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, after 591 and 842 days respectively. In coastal barrier reefs, tiger sharks were transient at acoustic arrays and each individual demonstrated a unique pattern of occurrence. From 2009 to 2013, fourteen sharks with satellite and acoustic tags undertook wide-ranging movements up to 1114 km across the Coral Sea with eight detected back on acoustic arrays up to 405 days after being tagged. Tiger sharks dove 1136 m and utilised three-dimensional activity spaces averaged at 2360 km3. The Chesterfield Islands appear to be important habitat for sub-adults and adult male tiger sharks. Management strategies need to consider the wide-ranging movements of large (sub-adult and adult) male and female tiger sharks at the individual level, whereas fidelity to specific coastal reefs may be consistent across groups of individuals. Coastal barrier reef MPAs, however, only afford brief protection for large tiger sharks, therefore determining the importance of other oceanic Coral Sea reefs should be a priority for future research. © 2014 Werry et al.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)en
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectadulten
dc.subjectanimal experimenten
dc.subjectaquatic environmenten
dc.subjectAustraliaen
dc.subjectcontrolled studyen
dc.subjectcoral reefen
dc.subjectenvironmental managementen
dc.subjectenvironmental protectionen
dc.subjectfishen
dc.subjectGaleocerdo cuvieren
dc.subjecthabitaten
dc.subjectmigrationen
dc.subjectpredatoren
dc.subjectsharken
dc.titleReef-fidelity and migration of tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, across the coral seaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)en
dc.identifier.journalPLoS ONEen
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3885424en
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionAustralian Rivers Institute and School of Environment, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australiaen
dc.contributor.institutionOcean and Coast Research, Gold Coast, QLD, Australiaen
dc.contributor.institutionCentre de Recherches Insulaires et Observatoire de l'Environnement (CRIOBE), Moorea, French Polynesiaen
dc.contributor.institutionBiology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Department, Woods Hole, MA, United Statesen
dc.contributor.institutionMarine Mammal Research Group, Graduate School of Environment, Macquarie University, NSW, Australiaen
dc.contributor.institutionSecretariat of the Pacific Community, CRISP Programme, Noumea, New Caledoniaen
dc.contributor.institutionFrench Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Paris, Franceen
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)en
kaust.authorBerumen, Michael L.en
kaust.authorBraun, Camrin D.en

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