MIMO Radar Transceiver Design for High Signal-to-Interference-Plus-Noise Ratio

Handle URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10754/291103
Title:
MIMO Radar Transceiver Design for High Signal-to-Interference-Plus-Noise Ratio
Authors:
Lipor, John
Abstract:
Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar employs orthogonal or partially correlated transmit signals to achieve performance benefits over its phased-array counterpart. It has been shown that MIMO radar can achieve greater spatial resolution, improved signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and target localization, and greater clutter resolution using space-time adaptive processing (STAP). This thesis explores various methods to improve the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) via transmit and receive beamforming. In MIMO radar settings, it is often desirable to transmit power only to a given location or set of locations defined by a beampattern. Current methods involve a two- step process of designing the transmit covariance matrix R via iterative solutions and then using R to generate waveforms that fulfill practical constraints such as having a constant-envelope or drawing from a finite alphabet. In this document, a closed- form method to design R is proposed that utilizes the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) coefficients and Toeplitz matrices. The resulting covariance matrix fulfills the practical constraints such as positive semidefiniteness and the uniform elemental power constraint and provides performance similar to that of iterative methods, which require a much greater computation time. Next, a transmit architecture is presented 
that exploits the orthogonality of frequencies at discrete DFT values to transmit a sum of orthogonal signals from each antenna. The resulting waveforms provide a lower mean-square error than current methods at a much lower computational cost, and a simulated detection scenario demonstrates the performance advantages achieved. It is also desirable to receive signal power only from a given set of directions defined by a beampattern. In a later chapter of this document, the problem of receive beampattern matching is formulated and three solutions to this problem are demonstrated. We show that partitioning the received data vector into subvectors and then multiplying each subvector with its corresponding weight vector can improve performance and reduce the length of the data vector. Simulation results show that all methods are capable of matching a desired beampattern. Signal-to-interference- plus-noise ratio (SINR) calculations demonstrate a significant improvement over the unaltered MIMO case.
Advisors:
Alouini, Mohamed-Slim ( 0000-0003-4827-1793 )
Committee Member:
Alouini, Mohamed-Slim ( 0000-0003-4827-1793 ) ; Sultan Salem, Ahmed Kamal; Turkiyyah, George
KAUST Department:
Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
Program:
Electrical Engineering
Issue Date:
12-May-2013
Type:
Thesis
Appears in Collections:
Theses; Electrical Engineering Program; Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorAlouini, Mohamed-Slimen
dc.contributor.authorLipor, Johnen
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-14T15:33:15Z-
dc.date.available2013-05-14T15:33:15Z-
dc.date.issued2013-05-12en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/291103en
dc.description.abstractMultiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar employs orthogonal or partially correlated transmit signals to achieve performance benefits over its phased-array counterpart. It has been shown that MIMO radar can achieve greater spatial resolution, improved signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and target localization, and greater clutter resolution using space-time adaptive processing (STAP). This thesis explores various methods to improve the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) via transmit and receive beamforming. In MIMO radar settings, it is often desirable to transmit power only to a given location or set of locations defined by a beampattern. Current methods involve a two- step process of designing the transmit covariance matrix R via iterative solutions and then using R to generate waveforms that fulfill practical constraints such as having a constant-envelope or drawing from a finite alphabet. In this document, a closed- form method to design R is proposed that utilizes the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) coefficients and Toeplitz matrices. The resulting covariance matrix fulfills the practical constraints such as positive semidefiniteness and the uniform elemental power constraint and provides performance similar to that of iterative methods, which require a much greater computation time. Next, a transmit architecture is presented 
that exploits the orthogonality of frequencies at discrete DFT values to transmit a sum of orthogonal signals from each antenna. The resulting waveforms provide a lower mean-square error than current methods at a much lower computational cost, and a simulated detection scenario demonstrates the performance advantages achieved. It is also desirable to receive signal power only from a given set of directions defined by a beampattern. In a later chapter of this document, the problem of receive beampattern matching is formulated and three solutions to this problem are demonstrated. We show that partitioning the received data vector into subvectors and then multiplying each subvector with its corresponding weight vector can improve performance and reduce the length of the data vector. Simulation results show that all methods are capable of matching a desired beampattern. Signal-to-interference- plus-noise ratio (SINR) calculations demonstrate a significant improvement over the unaltered MIMO case.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectMIMO Radaren
dc.subjectWaveform Designen
dc.subjectBeamformingen
dc.subjectDFTen
dc.titleMIMO Radar Transceiver Design for High Signal-to-Interference-Plus-Noise Ratioen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Divisionen
thesis.degree.grantorKing Abdullah University of Science and Technologyen_GB
dc.contributor.committeememberAlouini, Mohamed-Slimen
dc.contributor.committeememberSultan Salem, Ahmed Kamalen
dc.contributor.committeememberTurkiyyah, Georgeen
thesis.degree.disciplineElectrical Engineeringen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
dc.person.id118576en
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